Guillotine refers to process by which all outstanding demands of the Budget are directly put to vote without further discussions in the House. On the last of the allotted days at the appointed time, the Speaker puts every question necessary to dispose off all the outstanding matters in connection with the demands for grants. The guillotine concludes the discussion on demands for grants. Policy Cut motion intends to ‘reduce the demand to Re. 1’. This represents disapproval of the policy underlying the demand—the discussion remains confined to the particular policy and is open to members to advocate an alternate policy. Simple Closure is a Closure motion, where a member moves the motion that the ‘matter having been sufficiently discussed be now put to vote’. Kangaroo Closure is a Closure motion, where only important clauses are taken up for discussion and voting and intervening clauses are skipped and taken as passed.
In 1504 Bābur seized Kabul (Afghanistan) with his personal followers, maintaining himself there against all rebellions and intrigues. His last unsuccessful attempt on Samarkand (1511–12) induced him to give up a futile quest and to concentrate on expansion elsewhere. In 1522, when he was already turning his attention to Sindh (now a province in Pakistan) and India, he finally secured Kandahār, a strategic site (now in Afghanistan) on the road to Sindh.
It’s now more than a year since NASA’s InSight lander mission touched down on Mars on November 26, 2018. InSight is the first mission dedicated to looking deep beneath the Martian surface. Among its science tools are a seismometer for detecting quakes, sensors for gauging wind and air pressure, a magnetometer, and a heat flow probe designed to take the planet’s temperature. The InSight mission is part of NASA’s Discovery Program. It is being supported by a number of European partners, which include France’s Centre National d’Études Spatiales (CNES), the German Aerospace Center (DLR) and the United Kingdom Space Agency (UKSA).
The Aiatareya Brahmana applies the terms Samrat, bhoja , viraj and rajas to the rulers of the east, south, north and the middle country and reserved the terms ekarat and savabhauma for those who had conquered the kings in four directions.
1. The 42nd Amendment Act of 1976 added four new Directive Principles to the original list. They require the State: o To secure opportunities for the healthy development of children (Article 39).
To promote equal justice and to provide free legal aid to the poor (Article 39 A). o To take steps to secure the participation of workers in the management of industries (Article 43 A).
To protect and improve the environment and to safeguard forests and wildlife (Article 48 A).
2. The 44th Amendment Act of 1978 added one more Directive Principle, which requires the State to minimise inequalities in income, status, facilities and opportunities (Article 38). 3. The 86th Amendment Act of 2002 changed the subject-matter of Article 45 and made elementary education a fundamental right under Article 21 A. The amended directive requires the State to provide early childhood care and education for all children until they complete the age of six years. 4. The 97th Amendment Act of 2011 added a new Directive Principle relating to co-operative societies. It requires the state to promote voluntary formation, autonomous functioning, democratic control and professional management of co-operative societies (Article 43B).
From statement 1 and 2, A belongs to Maths department and only two people sit between A and F. From statement 3, professor of English department sits to the right of A. Seating these three professors on the table, we get:
From statement 4, the professor of Physics department sits second to the right of B, who is not an immediate neighbour of A or F. Also, F is not from Physics department. The only way we can place the Physics department professor and B is given in the figure below:
From statement 5, only professor C of History department sits between H and the one who is from the Biology department. And from statement 6, G belongs to Geography department and B belongs to Chemistry department. Adding this information to the above figure, we get:
Apart from D and E, the departments of all the professors are known. So, The English department professor has to be either D or E. Hence, option (c) is the correct answer.
When the Lok Sabha is dissolved, all business including bills, motions, resolutions, notices, petitions and so on pending before it or its committees lapse. They (to be pursued further) must be reintroduced in the newlyconstituted Lok Sabha. However, some pending bills and all pending assurances that are to be examined by the Committee on Government Assurances do not lapse on the dissolution of the Lok Sabha. The position with respect to lapsing of bills is as follows: A bill pending in the Lok Sabha lapses (whether originating in the Lok Sabha or transmitted to it by the Rajya Sabha). A bill passed by the Lok Sabha but pending in the Rajya Sabha lapses. A bill not passed by the two Houses due to disagreement and if the president has notified the holding of a joint sitting before the dissolution of Lok Sabha, does not lapse. A bill pending in the Rajya Sabha but not passed by the Lok Sabha does not lapse. A bill passed by both Houses but pending assent of the president does not lapse. A bill passed by both Houses but returned by the president for reconsideration of Houses does not lapse.
Assuring the locals that a proper investigation of the case will take place will help in pacifying them. Hence, option d is the best course of action. Since the medical officers are also agitated and are refusing the allegation, assuring them that the matter will be thoroughly investigated is the next best option. You cannot reprimand the medical officer as the death due to his negligence is the allegation at the moment. Thus, option b is negated. The medical officer's apology is welcome but it will not compensate their loss in anyway. Hence option c is also negated.
One manuscript was written on birch bark in ancient Sharada script while the remaining 29 manuscripts were written in Devanagari script. The oldest manuscript was dated back to 1464 A D and the manuscripts had several unique features in terms of scripts, accentuation marks and support material used.
C is the correct option.From the earliest Vedic times cremation was the most common means of disposing of a body. There is, however, written evidence that burial and post burial ceremonies also occurred during the Vedic period. ... Cremation had become the only orthodox method for the disposal of the dead.