Recent studies on Native American languages point towards an alarming problem in the United States today. Language loss, a global phenomenon, is accelerating among indigenous groups in the United States.  A large majority of Native American vernaculars are spoken only by elders and the remainder are fast approaching that status, as growing numbers of children speak only English.
To many, the precedence of one “common” language seems like an achievement of globalisation and hence they argue that it would be wiser to spend resources on improving the English speaking skills of Native Americans rather than resuscitating fading tongues. However, no language is just a collection of words and, therefore, languages are not so simply substitutable for each other. Each language is a unique tool for analyzing and synthesizing the world and to lose such a tool is to forget a way of constructing reality, blotting out a perspective evolved over many generations. Native American languages express ideas on which Native American cultures are anchored; a native language does not just reflect a culture - in a functional sense it is the culture. These languages are based on entirely different histories, scientific and natural-world understandings, spiritual beliefs, and political and legal ideas. They capture concepts that do not exist in English. In essence, they are based on different realities.
Realising the magnitude of this language-loss, most indigenous tribes today are making some type of effort toward a language-comeback. These efforts include everything from instituting apprenticeship programs, which pair a fluent elder with a student, to using, what may seem like an unusual tool because of the inherent reservations in Native American communities to being photographed or recorded in any form, technology such as YouTube videos of native speakers or Google Hangout video chats for live, long-distance conversations. The idea is to engage the younger members of the tribe who, in their effort to fit in to the more popular culture, are quickly losing ties with their unique heritage.
Which of the following statements would the author most likely agree with?
  • a)
    Because some Native American communities are inherently averse to being photographed or recorded in any form, their languages are at an even greater risk of reaching extinction.
  • b)
    Same events can be understood differently across cultures, cultures which do not necessarily share the same contexts.
  • c)
    Globalization has had many unintended consequences such as the dominance of English as a language over some ethnic minorities.
  • d)
    Although language loss is a global phenomenon, the scale at which it has affected Native American languages is probably the most severe.
  • e)
    The younger generation of Native Americans is not as aware of the near extinct state of Native American languages as the older generation is.
Correct answer is option 'B'. Can you explain this answer?

GMAT Question

VIRDI DEEP SINGH answered Apr 03, 2020
Passage Analysis
Summary and Main Point
Prethinking
This is an Inference question. Four out of the five given answer choices will not follow from what is stated in the passage; these answer choices are INCORRECT. Select the answer choice that is bolstered by specific facts/ideas mentioned in the passage. 
Answer Choices
A
Because some Native American communities are inherently averse to being photographed or recorded in any form, their languages are at an even greater risk of reaching extinction.
Incorrect: Out of Context
The author draws no such cause and effect relationship. Yes, the aversion to being photographed or recorded is mentioned but that is to highlight how the use of technology as tool to revive these languages might seem as a rather odd choice.
B
Same events can be understood differently across cultures, cultures which do not necessarily share the same contexts.
Correct
This can be derived from the following section of the passage:
Each language is a unique tool… do not exist in English.
 
In the above section of the passage, the author states that languages convey unique perceptions of events (world) and to lose a language is to lose this perspective. He/she also states that a native language is the foundation of the culture itself. The author then goes on to say that these Native American languages capture concepts that do not exist in English. From this analysis, we can understand that the author would agree that perspectives are context driven and accordingly, across cultures same events could be viewed/interpreted differently.
C
Globalization has had many unintended consequences such as the dominance of English as a language over some ethnic minorities.
Incorrect: Out of Scope
First of all, there is no given information to establish whether the dominance of English over some ethnic minorities is an “unintended” effect of globalization. Secondly, the author mentions globalization while presenting the opinion of people who think that the dominance of English as a language is an achievement of globalization. However, the author never gives any opinion confirming that it is indeed a result of globalization. Finally, this choice makes a broader statement about globalization that talks about more than one effect of the same.
D
Although language loss is a global phenomenon, the scale at which it has affected Native American languages is probably the most severe.
Incorrect: Inconsistent
The passage does mention that language loss is a global phenomenon and that it is accelerating among Native American languages; however, the author gives no information to support any comparison between the language loss in Native American languages and that in other languages.  
E
The younger generation of Native Americans is not as aware of the near extinct state of Native American languages as the older generation is.
Incorrect: Out of Scope
There is no information given to support any sort of comparison between the awareness levels of the two generations. All that we can infer is that the older generation of Native Americans is more likely to speak their language than the younger generation is.
 

This discussion on Recent studies on Native American languages point towards an alarming problem in the United States today. Language loss, a global phenomenon, is accelerating among indigenous groups in the United States. A large majority of Native American vernaculars are spoken only by elders and the remainder are fast approaching that status, as growing numbers of children speak only English.To many, the precedence of one common language seems like an achievement of globalisation and hence they argue that it would be wiser to spend resources on improving the English speaking skills of Native Americans rather than resuscitating fading tongues. However, no language is just a collection of words and, therefore, languages are not so simply substitutable for each other. Each language is a unique tool for analyzing and synthesizing the world and to lose such a tool is to forget a way of constructing reality, blotting out a perspective evolved over many generations. Native American languages express ideas on which Native American cultures are anchored; a native language does not justreflecta culture - in a functional sense itisthe culture. These languages are based on entirely different histories, scientific and natural-world understandings, spiritual beliefs, and political and legal ideas. They capture concepts that do not exist in English. In essence, they are based on different realities.Realising the magnitude of this language-loss, most indigenous tribes today are making some type of effort toward a language-comeback. These efforts include everything from instituting apprenticeship programs, which pair a fluent elder with a student, to using, what may seem like an unusual tool because of the inherent reservations in Native American communities to being photographed or recorded in any form, technology such as YouTube videos of native speakers or Google Hangout video chats for live, long-distance conversations. The idea is to engage the younger members of the tribe who, in their effort to fit in to the more popular culture, are quickly losing ties with their unique heritage.Which of the following statements would the author most likely agree with?a)Because some Native American communities are inherently averse to being photographed or recorded in any form, their languages are at an even greater risk of reaching extinction.b)Same events can be understood differently across cultures, cultures which do not necessarily share the same contexts.c)Globalization has had many unintended consequences such as the dominance of English as a language over some ethnic minorities.d)Although language loss is a global phenomenon, the scale at which it has affected Native American languages is probably the most severe.e)The younger generation of Native Americans is not as aware of the near extinct state of Native American languages as the older generation is.Correct answer is option 'B'. Can you explain this answer? is done on EduRev Study Group by GMAT Students. The Questions and Answers of Recent studies on Native American languages point towards an alarming problem in the United States today. Language loss, a global phenomenon, is accelerating among indigenous groups in the United States. A large majority of Native American vernaculars are spoken only by elders and the remainder are fast approaching that status, as growing numbers of children speak only English.To many, the precedence of one common language seems like an achievement of globalisation and hence they argue that it would be wiser to spend resources on improving the English speaking skills of Native Americans rather than resuscitating fading tongues. However, no language is just a collection of words and, therefore, languages are not so simply substitutable for each other. Each language is a unique tool for analyzing and synthesizing the world and to lose such a tool is to forget a way of constructing reality, blotting out a perspective evolved over many generations. Native American languages express ideas on which Native American cultures are anchored; a native language does not justreflecta culture - in a functional sense itisthe culture. These languages are based on entirely different histories, scientific and natural-world understandings, spiritual beliefs, and political and legal ideas. They capture concepts that do not exist in English. In essence, they are based on different realities.Realising the magnitude of this language-loss, most indigenous tribes today are making some type of effort toward a language-comeback. These efforts include everything from instituting apprenticeship programs, which pair a fluent elder with a student, to using, what may seem like an unusual tool because of the inherent reservations in Native American communities to being photographed or recorded in any form, technology such as YouTube videos of native speakers or Google Hangout video chats for live, long-distance conversations. The idea is to engage the younger members of the tribe who, in their effort to fit in to the more popular culture, are quickly losing ties with their unique heritage.Which of the following statements would the author most likely agree with?a)Because some Native American communities are inherently averse to being photographed or recorded in any form, their languages are at an even greater risk of reaching extinction.b)Same events can be understood differently across cultures, cultures which do not necessarily share the same contexts.c)Globalization has had many unintended consequences such as the dominance of English as a language over some ethnic minorities.d)Although language loss is a global phenomenon, the scale at which it has affected Native American languages is probably the most severe.e)The younger generation of Native Americans is not as aware of the near extinct state of Native American languages as the older generation is.Correct answer is option 'B'. Can you explain this answer? are solved by group of students and teacher of GMAT, which is also the largest student community of GMAT. If the answer is not available please wait for a while and a community member will probably answer this soon. You can study other questions, MCQs, videos and tests for GMAT on EduRev and even discuss your questions like Recent studies on Native American languages point towards an alarming problem in the United States today. Language loss, a global phenomenon, is accelerating among indigenous groups in the United States. A large majority of Native American vernaculars are spoken only by elders and the remainder are fast approaching that status, as growing numbers of children speak only English.To many, the precedence of one common language seems like an achievement of globalisation and hence they argue that it would be wiser to spend resources on improving the English speaking skills of Native Americans rather than resuscitating fading tongues. However, no language is just a collection of words and, therefore, languages are not so simply substitutable for each other. Each language is a unique tool for analyzing and synthesizing the world and to lose such a tool is to forget a way of constructing reality, blotting out a perspective evolved over many generations. Native American languages express ideas on which Native American cultures are anchored; a native language does not justreflecta culture - in a functional sense itisthe culture. These languages are based on entirely different histories, scientific and natural-world understandings, spiritual beliefs, and political and legal ideas. They capture concepts that do not exist in English. In essence, they are based on different realities.Realising the magnitude of this language-loss, most indigenous tribes today are making some type of effort toward a language-comeback. These efforts include everything from instituting apprenticeship programs, which pair a fluent elder with a student, to using, what may seem like an unusual tool because of the inherent reservations in Native American communities to being photographed or recorded in any form, technology such as YouTube videos of native speakers or Google Hangout video chats for live, long-distance conversations. The idea is to engage the younger members of the tribe who, in their effort to fit in to the more popular culture, are quickly losing ties with their unique heritage.Which of the following statements would the author most likely agree with?a)Because some Native American communities are inherently averse to being photographed or recorded in any form, their languages are at an even greater risk of reaching extinction.b)Same events can be understood differently across cultures, cultures which do not necessarily share the same contexts.c)Globalization has had many unintended consequences such as the dominance of English as a language over some ethnic minorities.d)Although language loss is a global phenomenon, the scale at which it has affected Native American languages is probably the most severe.e)The younger generation of Native Americans is not as aware of the near extinct state of Native American languages as the older generation is.Correct answer is option 'B'. Can you explain this answer? over here on EduRev! Apart from being the largest GMAT community, EduRev has the largest solved Question bank for GMAT.
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