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Chairperson of College Board: We spend a substantial amount of money on compensating fresh college graduates as part-time faculty for introductory courses. However, we can easily save most of this expenditure by giving our final year students, who have themselves studied such courses, the opportunity to teach these courses, which are mostly taught to first-year students. The final year students can be given extra credits and a minimum stipend for this role. 
Which of the following, if true, provides the best support for the conclusion that the college should not employ final year students to teach introductory courses?
  • a)
    Final year students have a relatively light schedule and can easily find the time to teach introductory course classes, which are typically of a shorter duration than classes for other courses.
  • b)
    The total amount paid in overtime to full-time senior lecturers for training the final year students to conduct the introductory classes will be equal to the amount paid in remuneration to the college graduates hired as part-time faculty to whom no such training is provided.
  • c)
    The fresh college graduates hired as part-time faculty are generally students who are in the process of applying to various colleges for research fellowship programs.
  • d)
    The final year students who will be considered for the teaching positions will be among the top ranking students in the class.
  • e)
    The college does not have to spend any money on advertising for part-time jobs since it has a surplus number of applicants for the limited teaching positions required for the introductory courses.
Correct answer is option 'B'. Can you explain this answer?

Answers

Pre-Thinking
Conclusion Clarification
N/A
Pre-Thinking Approach
Let’s see how we can make the conclusion less believable.  To do so, we will look at the logical structure, focusing on linkage 1and the conclusion.  Thus the way to weaken the conclusion will be to weaken this linkage i.e. find a new piece of information that will suggest that the plan (employ final year students to teach IC) may not be successful in achieving its aim (save the expenditure on compensating fresh graduates working as part-time faculty).
Linkage#1 – Save most of the expenditure by giving our final year students who have themselves studied such courses the opportunity to teach these courses, which are mostly taught to first-year students.
  • Weakener – What if overall expenditure of employing final year students to teach the introductory courses to first year students is equal to or more than that of hiring fresh graduates?
    • Instance 1: The cost of training final year students to teach IC will be higher than the cost of paying fresh grads to teach IC.
 
  • Weakener - What if the college has to spend a substantial amount of money in order to compensate for any academic loss of final year students because of teaching IC? 
    • Instance 1: The college will have to spend a substantially high amount of money to re-conduct some of the lectures missed by final year students because of their involvement in teaching IC. 
With this understanding in mind, let’s take a look at the option statements.
Answer Choices
A
Final year students have a relatively light schedule and can easily find the time to teach introductory course classes, which are typically of a shorter duration than classes for other courses.
Incorrect - Irrelevant
The information given here goes in favor of  employing final year students as faculty for IC classes; however, it doesn’t reflect anything on the cost angle brought up in the conclusion.
B
The total amount paid in overtime to full-time senior lecturers for training the final year students to conduct the introductory classes will be equal to the amount paid in remuneration to the college graduates hired as part-time faculty to whom no such training is provided.
Correct
This choice is written along the lines of our pre-thinking per Linkage 1. If the remuneration to the lecturers in lieu of training final year students will be equal to the amount paid to the fresh graduates, the college will not be able to realise any savings by employing final year students. In fact, the minimum stipend paid to them will be an additional expenditure for the college.
C
The fresh college graduates hired as part-time faculty are generally students who are in the process of applying to various colleges for research fellowship programs.
Incorrect - Irrelevant 
The argument focuses only on reducing the expenditure incurred by employing these graduates as part-time faculty.
D
The final year students who will be considered for the teaching positions will be among the top ranking students in the class.
Incorrect - Irrelevant
The argument deals only with the expenditure incurred on employing final year students to teach introductory classes.
E
The college does not have to spend any money on advertising for part-time jobs since it has a surplus number of applicants for the limited teaching positions required for the introductory courses.
Incorrect - Irrelevant
The passage does not give us any information regarding the current expenditure incurred by the college on this account.  So, this information does not impact the logic of the argument.
 

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Chairperson of College Board: We spend a substantial amount of money on compensating fresh college graduates as part-time faculty for introductory courses. However, we can easily save most of this expenditure by giving our final year students, who have themselves studied such courses, the opportunity to teach these courses, which are mostly taught to first-year students. The final year students can be given extra credits and a minimum stipend for this role.Which of the following, if true, provides the best support for the conclusion that the college should not employ final year students to teach introductory courses?a)Final year students have a relatively light schedule and can easily find the time to teach introductory course classes, which are typically of a shorter duration than classes for other courses.b)The total amount paid in overtime to full-time senior lecturers for training the final year students to conduct the introductory classes will be equal to the amount paid in remuneration to the college graduates hired as part-time faculty to whom no such training is provided.c)The fresh college graduates hired as part-time faculty are generally students who are in the process of applying to various colleges for research fellowship programs.d)The final year students who will be considered for the teaching positions will be among the top ranking students in the class.e)The college does not have to spend any money on advertising for part-time jobs since it has a surplus number of applicants for the limited teaching positions required for the introductory courses.Correct answer is option 'B'. Can you explain this answer? for GMAT 2023 is part of GMAT preparation. The Question and answers have been prepared according to the GMAT exam syllabus. Information about Chairperson of College Board: We spend a substantial amount of money on compensating fresh college graduates as part-time faculty for introductory courses. However, we can easily save most of this expenditure by giving our final year students, who have themselves studied such courses, the opportunity to teach these courses, which are mostly taught to first-year students. The final year students can be given extra credits and a minimum stipend for this role.Which of the following, if true, provides the best support for the conclusion that the college should not employ final year students to teach introductory courses?a)Final year students have a relatively light schedule and can easily find the time to teach introductory course classes, which are typically of a shorter duration than classes for other courses.b)The total amount paid in overtime to full-time senior lecturers for training the final year students to conduct the introductory classes will be equal to the amount paid in remuneration to the college graduates hired as part-time faculty to whom no such training is provided.c)The fresh college graduates hired as part-time faculty are generally students who are in the process of applying to various colleges for research fellowship programs.d)The final year students who will be considered for the teaching positions will be among the top ranking students in the class.e)The college does not have to spend any money on advertising for part-time jobs since it has a surplus number of applicants for the limited teaching positions required for the introductory courses.Correct answer is option 'B'. Can you explain this answer? covers all topics & solutions for GMAT 2023 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, meanings, examples, exercises and tests below for Chairperson of College Board: We spend a substantial amount of money on compensating fresh college graduates as part-time faculty for introductory courses. However, we can easily save most of this expenditure by giving our final year students, who have themselves studied such courses, the opportunity to teach these courses, which are mostly taught to first-year students. The final year students can be given extra credits and a minimum stipend for this role.Which of the following, if true, provides the best support for the conclusion that the college should not employ final year students to teach introductory courses?a)Final year students have a relatively light schedule and can easily find the time to teach introductory course classes, which are typically of a shorter duration than classes for other courses.b)The total amount paid in overtime to full-time senior lecturers for training the final year students to conduct the introductory classes will be equal to the amount paid in remuneration to the college graduates hired as part-time faculty to whom no such training is provided.c)The fresh college graduates hired as part-time faculty are generally students who are in the process of applying to various colleges for research fellowship programs.d)The final year students who will be considered for the teaching positions will be among the top ranking students in the class.e)The college does not have to spend any money on advertising for part-time jobs since it has a surplus number of applicants for the limited teaching positions required for the introductory courses.Correct answer is option 'B'. Can you explain this answer?.
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The final year students can be given extra credits and a minimum stipend for this role.Which of the following, if true, provides the best support for the conclusion that the college should not employ final year students to teach introductory courses?a)Final year students have a relatively light schedule and can easily find the time to teach introductory course classes, which are typically of a shorter duration than classes for other courses.b)The total amount paid in overtime to full-time senior lecturers for training the final year students to conduct the introductory classes will be equal to the amount paid in remuneration to the college graduates hired as part-time faculty to whom no such training is provided.c)The fresh college graduates hired as part-time faculty are generally students who are in the process of applying to various colleges for research fellowship programs.d)The final year students who will be considered for the teaching positions will be among the top ranking students in the class.e)The college does not have to spend any money on advertising for part-time jobs since it has a surplus number of applicants for the limited teaching positions required for the introductory courses.Correct answer is option 'B'. 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The final year students can be given extra credits and a minimum stipend for this role.Which of the following, if true, provides the best support for the conclusion that the college should not employ final year students to teach introductory courses?a)Final year students have a relatively light schedule and can easily find the time to teach introductory course classes, which are typically of a shorter duration than classes for other courses.b)The total amount paid in overtime to full-time senior lecturers for training the final year students to conduct the introductory classes will be equal to the amount paid in remuneration to the college graduates hired as part-time faculty to whom no such training is provided.c)The fresh college graduates hired as part-time faculty are generally students who are in the process of applying to various colleges for research fellowship programs.d)The final year students who will be considered for the teaching positions will be among the top ranking students in the class.e)The college does not have to spend any money on advertising for part-time jobs since it has a surplus number of applicants for the limited teaching positions required for the introductory courses.Correct answer is option 'B'. 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The final year students can be given extra credits and a minimum stipend for this role.Which of the following, if true, provides the best support for the conclusion that the college should not employ final year students to teach introductory courses?a)Final year students have a relatively light schedule and can easily find the time to teach introductory course classes, which are typically of a shorter duration than classes for other courses.b)The total amount paid in overtime to full-time senior lecturers for training the final year students to conduct the introductory classes will be equal to the amount paid in remuneration to the college graduates hired as part-time faculty to whom no such training is provided.c)The fresh college graduates hired as part-time faculty are generally students who are in the process of applying to various colleges for research fellowship programs.d)The final year students who will be considered for the teaching positions will be among the top ranking students in the class.e)The college does not have to spend any money on advertising for part-time jobs since it has a surplus number of applicants for the limited teaching positions required for the introductory courses.Correct answer is option 'B'. 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The final year students can be given extra credits and a minimum stipend for this role.Which of the following, if true, provides the best support for the conclusion that the college should not employ final year students to teach introductory courses?a)Final year students have a relatively light schedule and can easily find the time to teach introductory course classes, which are typically of a shorter duration than classes for other courses.b)The total amount paid in overtime to full-time senior lecturers for training the final year students to conduct the introductory classes will be equal to the amount paid in remuneration to the college graduates hired as part-time faculty to whom no such training is provided.c)The fresh college graduates hired as part-time faculty are generally students who are in the process of applying to various colleges for research fellowship programs.d)The final year students who will be considered for the teaching positions will be among the top ranking students in the class.e)The college does not have to spend any money on advertising for part-time jobs since it has a surplus number of applicants for the limited teaching positions required for the introductory courses.Correct answer is option 'B'. 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The final year students can be given extra credits and a minimum stipend for this role.Which of the following, if true, provides the best support for the conclusion that the college should not employ final year students to teach introductory courses?a)Final year students have a relatively light schedule and can easily find the time to teach introductory course classes, which are typically of a shorter duration than classes for other courses.b)The total amount paid in overtime to full-time senior lecturers for training the final year students to conduct the introductory classes will be equal to the amount paid in remuneration to the college graduates hired as part-time faculty to whom no such training is provided.c)The fresh college graduates hired as part-time faculty are generally students who are in the process of applying to various colleges for research fellowship programs.d)The final year students who will be considered for the teaching positions will be among the top ranking students in the class.e)The college does not have to spend any money on advertising for part-time jobs since it has a surplus number of applicants for the limited teaching positions required for the introductory courses.Correct answer is option 'B'. Can you explain this answer? tests, examples and also practice GMAT tests.
Pre-ThinkingConclusion ClarificationN/APre-Thinking ApproachLets see how we can make the conclusion less believable. To do so, we will look at the logical structure, focusing on linkage 1and the conclusion. Thus the way to weaken the conclusion will be to weaken this linkage i.e. find a new piece of information that will suggest that the plan (employ final year students to teach IC) may not be successful in achieving its aim (save the expenditure on compensating fresh graduates working as part-time faculty).Linkage#1 Save most of the expenditure by giving our final year students who have themselves studied such courses the opportunity to teach these courses, which are mostly taught to first-year students. Weakener What if overall expenditure of employing final year students to teach the introductory courses to first year students is equal to or more than that of hiring fresh graduates? Instance 1: The cost of training final year students to teach IC will be higher than the cost of paying fresh grads to teach IC. Weakener - What if the college has to spend a substantial amount of money in order to compensate for any academic loss of final year students because of teaching IC? Instance 1: The college will have to spend a substantially high amount of money to re-conduct some of the lectures missed by final year students because of their involvement in teaching IC. With this understanding in mind, lets take a look at the option statements.Answer ChoicesAFinal year students have a relatively light schedule and can easily find the time to teach introductory course classes, which are typically of a shorter duration than classes for other courses.Incorrect - Irrelevant.The information given here goes in favor of employing final year students as faculty for IC classes; however, it doesnt reflect anything on the cost angle brought up in the conclusion.BThe total amount paid in overtime to full-time senior lecturers for training the final year students to conduct the introductory classes will be equal to the amount paid in remuneration to the college graduates hired as part-time faculty to whom no such training is provided.CorrectThis choice is written along the lines of our pre-thinking per Linkage 1. If the remuneration to the lecturers in lieu of training final year students will be equal to the amount paid to the fresh graduates, the college will not be able to realise any savings by employing final year students. In fact, the minimum stipend paid to them will be an additional expenditure for the college.CThe fresh college graduates hired as part-time faculty are generally students who are in the process of applying to various colleges for research fellowship programs.Incorrect - IrrelevantThe argument focuses only on reducing the expenditure incurred by employing these graduates as part-time faculty.DThe final year students who will be considered for the teaching positions will be among the top ranking students in the class.Incorrect - Irrelevant.The argument deals only with the expenditure incurred on employing final year students to teach introductory classes.EThe college does not have to spend any money on advertising for part-time jobs since it has a surplus number of applicants for the limited teaching positions required for the introductory courses.Incorrect - Irrelevant.The passage does not give us any information regarding the current expenditure incurred by the college on this account. So, this information does not impact the logic of the argument.