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Between 2004 and 2008, Indian Railways has not been able to perform to its potential. Normally, Railway's revenue grows by two percentage points higher than the growth of Indian economy. According to Railway's own statistics, its revenues growth rate was two percentage points lower than the growth rate of Indian GDP in each of these four years. The main problem is a severe capacity constraint that does not allow the Railways to carry more freight even when there is demand. Freight traffic has grown by an average of over 9 percent in the last four years but in order to grow further the railways have to concentrate on infrastructure development. The central government recently set up the National Transport Development Policy Committee to suggest measures to promote greater commercial orientation of transport services in the country.
The committee is chaired by Dr. Rakesh Mohan, former deputy governor, Reserve Bank of India, who earlier headed the expert group on Railways that recommended corporatisation of the railway administration in 2002. This might be the right time for the government to consider taking a second look at railway reforms. A senior officer concerned with transport infrastructure planning in the country said that the committee was likely to recommend a few measures in the direction of railway reforms and that there would soon be consultations in this regard with policy-makers and experts.
This would not be a moment too soon. Railways desperately needs to grow its revenues because its expenses have shot up. Its ordinary working expenses grew by 7.3 percent in the years between 2004-05 and 2007-08, but jumped by 32 percent in the next year on account of the pay commission. A newspaper report pointed out that the railway surplus too has dwindled to Rs. 1 crore from over Rs 4,400 crore the last fiscal.
“The Indian Railways is at a crossroad where business as usual is not sustainable in the long run. If Railways has to be protected as the country’s growth wagon, transformation of the governance structure and augmentation of the accountability levels for delivery and performance is a must,” says infrastructure expert Akhileshwar Sahay who has studied railway reforms across the world. So what can Railways do? Experts on railway restructuring around the world say that a mix of reforms done in Japan and Argentina could solve key problems. There are a couple of problem areas that need attention right away . Some of these can be solved through Japanese style reforms (for administration) while the others will need the Argentinean method (exit non-core businesses).
 
Q. “The Indian Railways is at a crossroad where business as  usual js not sustainable in the long run.” implies:
  • a)
    The Railways is headed for a big disaster.
  • b)
    If the Railways does not undergo reforms, it will hinder the county's growth.
  • c)
    If the Railways continue to function poorly, we will have to depend on other modes of public transport.
  • d)
    The Railway Ministry has to reconsider the use of abundant resources for its sustainability.
Correct answer is option 'B'. Can you explain this answer?
Verified Answer
Between 2004 and 2008, Indian Railways has not been able to perform to...
Option 1 does not mention the crossroads and can be ruled out.
Option 3 is too extreme. Option 4 talks about reconsidering resource utilization but does not stress on the future consequences. The word “crossroad” in the quoted text meaning ‘a point at which a crucial decision must be made which will have far- reaching consequences’ is crucial here. Option 2 talks about the necessity for reforms and the consequences if the Railways fails to implement them.
Hence, the correct answer is option 2.
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Most Upvoted Answer
Between 2004 and 2008, Indian Railways has not been able to perform to...
Implication of Indian Railways at a Crossroad
The statement "The Indian Railways is at a crossroad where business as usual is not sustainable in the long run" implies the following:

Need for Immediate Reforms:
- The current functioning of Indian Railways is not viable for long-term sustainability.
- Without reforms, the growth of the country may be hindered due to the inefficiencies in the railway system.

Urgency for Change:
- There is a critical need for immediate action to address the challenges faced by Indian Railways.
- Delay in implementing reforms could lead to severe consequences for the economy and transportation sector.

Call for Transformation:
- Transformation in the governance structure of Indian Railways is essential for its survival and growth.
- Accountability levels for delivery and performance need to be enhanced to ensure efficiency.

Comparison with Global Practices:
- Drawing insights from successful railway reforms in countries like Japan and Argentina can provide a roadmap for Indian Railways.
- Implementing a mix of Japanese-style administrative reforms and Argentinean method of exiting non-core businesses could address key issues.
In conclusion, the statement highlights the urgent need for reforms in Indian Railways to ensure its sustainability and contribution to the country's growth. By learning from global best practices and taking strategic actions, Indian Railways can overcome its challenges and emerge as a more efficient and profitable entity.
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Between 2004 and 2008, Indian Railways has not been able to perform to its potential. Normally, Railwaysrevenue grows by two percentage points higher than the growth of Indian economy. According to Railwaysown statistics, its revenues growth rate was two percentage points lower than the growth rate of Indian GDP in each of these four years. The main problem is a severe capacity constraint that does not allow the Railways to carry more freight even when there is demand. Freight traffic has grown by an average of over 9 percent in the last four years but in order to grow further the railways have to concentrate on infrastructure development. The central government recently set up the National Transport Development Policy Committee to suggest measures to promote greater commercial orientation of transport services in the country.The committee is chaired by Dr. Rakesh Mohan, former deputy governor, Reserve Bank of India, who earlier headed the expert group on Railways that recommended corporatisation of the railway administration in 2002. This might be the right time for the government to consider taking a second look at railway reforms. A senior officer concerned with transport infrastructure planning in the country said that the committee was likely to recommend a few measures in the direction of railway reforms and that there would soon be consultations in this regard with policy-makers and experts.This would not be a moment too soon. Railways desperately needs to grow its revenues because its expenses have shot up. Its ordinary working expenses grew by 7.3 percent in the years between 2004-05 and 2007-08, but jumped by 32 percent in the next year on account of the pay commission. A newspaper report pointed out that the railway surplus too has dwindled to Rs. 1 crore from over Rs 4,400 crore the last fiscal.The Indian Railways is at a crossroad where business as usual is not sustainable in the long run. If Railways has to be protected as the countrys growth wagon, transformation of the governance structure and augmentation of the accountability levels for delivery and performance is a must, says infrastructure expert Akhileshwar Sahay who has studied railway reforms across the world. So what can Railways do? Experts on railway restructuring around the world say that a mix of reforms done in Japan and Argentina could solve key problems. There are a couple of problem areas that need attention right away . Some of these can be solved through Japanese style reforms (for administration) while the others will need the Argentinean method (exit non-core businesses).Q. The National Transport Development Policy Committee was set up to

Between 2004 and 2008, Indian Railways has not been able to perform to its potential. Normally, Railwaysrevenue grows by two percentage points higher than the growth of Indian economy. According to Railwaysown statistics, its revenues growth rate was two percentage points lower than the growth rate of Indian GDP in each of these four years. The main problem is a severe capacity constraint that does not allow the Railways to carry more freight even when there is demand. Freight traffic has grown by an average of over 9 percent in the last four years but in order to grow further the railways have to concentrate on infrastructure development. The central government recently set up the National Transport Development Policy Committee to suggest measures to promote greater commercial orientation of transport services in the country.The committee is chaired by Dr. Rakesh Mohan, former deputy governor, Reserve Bank of India, who earlier headed the expert group on Railways that recommended corporatisation of the railway administration in 2002. This might be the right time for the government to consider taking a second look at railway reforms. A senior officer concerned with transport infrastructure planning in the country said that the committee was likely to recommend a few measures in the direction of railway reforms and that there would soon be consultations in this regard with policy-makers and experts.This would not be a moment too soon. Railways desperately needs to grow its revenues because its expenses have shot up. Its ordinary working expenses grew by 7.3 percent in the years between 2004-05 and 2007-08, but jumped by 32 percent in the next year on account of the pay commission. A newspaper report pointed out that the railway surplus too has dwindled to Rs. 1 crore from over Rs 4,400 crore the last fiscal.The Indian Railways is at a crossroad where business as usual is not sustainable in the long run. If Railways has to be protected as the countrys growth wagon, transformation of the governance structure and augmentation of the accountability levels for delivery and performance is a must, says infrastructure expert Akhileshwar Sahay who has studied railway reforms across the world. So what can Railways do? Experts on railway restructuring around the world say that a mix of reforms done in Japan and Argentina could solve key problems. There are a couple of problem areas that need attention right away . Some of these can be solved through Japanese style reforms (for administration) while the others will need the Argentinean method (exit non-core businesses).Q. What is the main problem of the Railways according to the passage?

Between 2004 and 2008, Indian Railways has not been able to perform to its potential. Normally, Railwaysrevenue grows by two percentage points higher than the growth of Indian economy. According to Railwaysown statistics, its revenues growth rate was two percentage points lower than the growth rate of Indian GDP in each of these four years. The main problem is a severe capacity constraint that does not allow the Railways to carry more freight even when there is demand. Freight traffic has grown by an average of over 9 percent in the last four years but in order to grow further the railways have to concentrate on infrastructure development. The central government recently set up the National Transport Development Policy Committee to suggest measures to promote greater commercial orientation of transport services in the country.The committee is chaired by Dr. Rakesh Mohan, former deputy governor, Reserve Bank of India, who earlier headed the expert group on Railways that recommended corporatisation of the railway administration in 2002. This might be the right time for the government to consider taking a second look at railway reforms. A senior officer concerned with transport infrastructure planning in the country said that the committee was likely to recommend a few measures in the direction of railway reforms and that there would soon be consultations in this regard with policy-makers and experts.This would not be a moment too soon. Railways desperately needs to grow its revenues because its expenses have shot up. Its ordinary working expenses grew by 7.3 percent in the years between 2004-05 and 2007-08, but jumped by 32 percent in the next year on account of the pay commission. A newspaper report pointed out that the railway surplus too has dwindled to Rs. 1 crore from over Rs 4,400 crore the last fiscal.The Indian Railways is at a crossroad where business as usual is not sustainable in the long run. If Railways has to be protected as the countrys growth wagon, transformation of the governance structure and augmentation of the accountability levels for delivery and performance is a must, says infrastructure expert Akhileshwar Sahay who has studied railway reforms across the world. So what can Railways do? Experts on railway restructuring around the world say that a mix of reforms done in Japan and Argentina could solve key problems. There are a couple of problem areas that need attention right away . Some of these can be solved through Japanese style reforms (for administration) while the others will need the Argentinean method (exit non-core businesses).Q. Which of the following would weaken the statement - Between 2004 and 2008, Indian Railways has not been able to perform to its potential.?

Between 2004 and 2008, Indian Railways has not been able to perform to its potential. Normally, Railwaysrevenue grows by two percentage points higher than the growth of Indian economy. According to Railwaysown statistics, its revenues growth rate was two percentage points lower than the growth rate of Indian GDP in each of these four years. The main problem is a severe capacity constraint that does not allow the Railways to carry more freight even when there is demand. Freight traffic has grown by an average of over 9 percent in the last four years but in order to grow further the railways have to concentrate on infrastructure development. The central government recently set up the National Transport Development Policy Committee to suggest measures to promote greater commercial orientation of transport services in the country.The committee is chaired by Dr. Rakesh Mohan, former deputy governor, Reserve Bank of India, who earlier headed the expert group on Railways that recommended corporatisation of the railway administration in 2002. This might be the right time for the government to consider taking a second look at railway reforms. A senior officer concerned with transport infrastructure planning in the country said that the committee was likely to recommend a few measures in the direction of railway reforms and that there would soon be consultations in this regard with policy-makers and experts.This would not be a moment too soon. Railways desperately needs to grow its revenues because its expenses have shot up. Its ordinary working expenses grew by 7.3 percent in the years between 2004-05 and 2007-08, but jumped by 32 percent in the next year on account of the pay commission. A newspaper report pointed out that the railway surplus too has dwindled to Rs. 1 crore from over Rs 4,400 crore the last fiscal.The Indian Railways is at a crossroad where business as usual is not sustainable in the long run. If Railways has to be protected as the countrys growth wagon, transformation of the governance structure and augmentation of the accountability levels for delivery and performance is a must, says infrastructure expert Akhileshwar Sahay who has studied railway reforms across the world. So what can Railways do? Experts on railway restructuring around the world say that a mix of reforms done in Japan and Argentina could solve key problems. There are a couple of problem areas that need attention right away . Some of these can be solved through Japanese style reforms (for administration) while the others will need the Argentinean method (exit non-core businesses).Q. A suitable title for this passage would be

Group QuestionAnswer the following question based on the information given below.Between 2004 and 2008, Indian Railways has not been able to perform to its potential. Normally, Railwaysrevenue grows by two percentage points higher than the growth of Indian economy. According to Railwaysown statistics, its revenues growth rate was two percentage points lower than the growth rate of Indian GDP in each of these four years. The main problem is a severe capacity constraint that does not allow the Railways to carry more freight even when there is demand. Freight traffic has grown by an average of over 9 percent in the last four years but in order to grow further the railways have to concentrate on infrastructure development. The central government recently set up the National Transport Development Policy Committee to suggest measures to promote greater commercial orientation of transport services in the country.The committee is chaired by Dr. Rakesh Mohan, former deputy governor, Reserve Bank of India, who earlier headed the expert group on Railways that recommended corporatisation of the railway administration in 2002. This might be the right time for the government to consider taking a second look at railway reforms. A senior officer concerned with transport infrastructure planning in the country said that the committee was likely to recommend a few measures in the direction of railway reforms and that there would soon be consultations in this regard with policy-makers and experts.This would not be a moment too soon. Railways desperately needs to grow its revenues because its expenses have shot up. Its ordinary working expenses grew by 7.3 percent in the years between 2004-05 and 2007-08, but jumped by 32 percent in the next year on account of the pay commission. A newspaper report pointed out that the railway surplus too has dwindled to Rs. 1 crore from over Rs 4,400 crore the last fiscal.The Indian Railways is at a crossroad where business as usual is not sustainable in the long run. If Railways has to be protected as the countrys growth wagon, transformation of the governance structure and augmentation of the accountability levels for delivery and performance is a must, says infrastructure expert Akhileshwar Sahay who has studied railway reforms across the world. So what can Railways do? Experts on railway restructuring around the world say that a mix of reforms done in Japan and Argentina could solve key problems. There are a couple of problem areas that need attention right away . Some of these can be solved through Japanese style reforms (for administration) while the others will need the Argentinean method (exit non-core businesses).Q. Which of the following is true according to the passage?A. The Indian Railways can learn from Japanese railway reforms.B. Between 2004 and 2008, the overall growth rate of the railway revenues was two percentage points lower than the growth rate of Indian GDP.

Between 2004 and 2008, Indian Railways has not been able to perform to its potential. Normally, Railwaysrevenue grows by two percentage points higher than the growth of Indian economy. According to Railwaysown statistics, its revenues growth rate was two percentage points lower than the growth rate of Indian GDP in each of these four years. The main problem is a severe capacity constraint that does not allow the Railways to carry more freight even when there is demand. Freight traffic has grown by an average of over 9 percent in the last four years but in order to grow further the railways have to concentrate on infrastructure development. The central government recently set up the National Transport Development Policy Committee to suggest measures to promote greater commercial orientation of transport services in the country.The committee is chaired by Dr. Rakesh Mohan, former deputy governor, Reserve Bank of India, who earlier headed the expert group on Railways that recommended corporatisation of the railway administration in 2002. This might be the right time for the government to consider taking a second look at railway reforms. A senior officer concerned with transport infrastructure planning in the country said that the committee was likely to recommend a few measures in the direction of railway reforms and that there would soon be consultations in this regard with policy-makers and experts.This would not be a moment too soon. Railways desperately needs to grow its revenues because its expenses have shot up. Its ordinary working expenses grew by 7.3 percent in the years between 2004-05 and 2007-08, but jumped by 32 percent in the next year on account of the pay commission. A newspaper report pointed out that the railway surplus too has dwindled to Rs. 1 crore from over Rs 4,400 crore the last fiscal.The Indian Railways is at a crossroad where business as usual is not sustainable in the long run. If Railways has to be protected as the countrys growth wagon, transformation of the governance structure and augmentation of the accountability levels for delivery and performance is a must, says infrastructure expert Akhileshwar Sahay who has studied railway reforms across the world. So what can Railways do? Experts on railway restructuring around the world say that a mix of reforms done in Japan and Argentina could solve key problems. There are a couple of problem areas that need attention right away . Some of these can be solved through Japanese style reforms (for administration) while the others will need the Argentinean method (exit non-core businesses).Q. The Indian Railways is at a crossroad where business as usualjs not sustainable in the long run. implies:a)The Railways is headed for a big disaster.b)If the Railways does not undergo reforms, it will hinder the countys growth.c)If the Railways continue to function poorly, we will have to depend on other modes of public transport.d)The Railway Ministry has to reconsider the use of abundant resources for its sustainability.Correct answer is option 'B'. Can you explain this answer?
Question Description
Between 2004 and 2008, Indian Railways has not been able to perform to its potential. Normally, Railwaysrevenue grows by two percentage points higher than the growth of Indian economy. According to Railwaysown statistics, its revenues growth rate was two percentage points lower than the growth rate of Indian GDP in each of these four years. The main problem is a severe capacity constraint that does not allow the Railways to carry more freight even when there is demand. Freight traffic has grown by an average of over 9 percent in the last four years but in order to grow further the railways have to concentrate on infrastructure development. The central government recently set up the National Transport Development Policy Committee to suggest measures to promote greater commercial orientation of transport services in the country.The committee is chaired by Dr. Rakesh Mohan, former deputy governor, Reserve Bank of India, who earlier headed the expert group on Railways that recommended corporatisation of the railway administration in 2002. This might be the right time for the government to consider taking a second look at railway reforms. A senior officer concerned with transport infrastructure planning in the country said that the committee was likely to recommend a few measures in the direction of railway reforms and that there would soon be consultations in this regard with policy-makers and experts.This would not be a moment too soon. Railways desperately needs to grow its revenues because its expenses have shot up. Its ordinary working expenses grew by 7.3 percent in the years between 2004-05 and 2007-08, but jumped by 32 percent in the next year on account of the pay commission. A newspaper report pointed out that the railway surplus too has dwindled to Rs. 1 crore from over Rs 4,400 crore the last fiscal.The Indian Railways is at a crossroad where business as usual is not sustainable in the long run. If Railways has to be protected as the countrys growth wagon, transformation of the governance structure and augmentation of the accountability levels for delivery and performance is a must, says infrastructure expert Akhileshwar Sahay who has studied railway reforms across the world. So what can Railways do? Experts on railway restructuring around the world say that a mix of reforms done in Japan and Argentina could solve key problems. There are a couple of problem areas that need attention right away . Some of these can be solved through Japanese style reforms (for administration) while the others will need the Argentinean method (exit non-core businesses).Q. The Indian Railways is at a crossroad where business as usualjs not sustainable in the long run. implies:a)The Railways is headed for a big disaster.b)If the Railways does not undergo reforms, it will hinder the countys growth.c)If the Railways continue to function poorly, we will have to depend on other modes of public transport.d)The Railway Ministry has to reconsider the use of abundant resources for its sustainability.Correct answer is option 'B'. Can you explain this answer? for CAT 2024 is part of CAT preparation. The Question and answers have been prepared according to the CAT exam syllabus. Information about Between 2004 and 2008, Indian Railways has not been able to perform to its potential. Normally, Railwaysrevenue grows by two percentage points higher than the growth of Indian economy. According to Railwaysown statistics, its revenues growth rate was two percentage points lower than the growth rate of Indian GDP in each of these four years. The main problem is a severe capacity constraint that does not allow the Railways to carry more freight even when there is demand. Freight traffic has grown by an average of over 9 percent in the last four years but in order to grow further the railways have to concentrate on infrastructure development. The central government recently set up the National Transport Development Policy Committee to suggest measures to promote greater commercial orientation of transport services in the country.The committee is chaired by Dr. Rakesh Mohan, former deputy governor, Reserve Bank of India, who earlier headed the expert group on Railways that recommended corporatisation of the railway administration in 2002. This might be the right time for the government to consider taking a second look at railway reforms. A senior officer concerned with transport infrastructure planning in the country said that the committee was likely to recommend a few measures in the direction of railway reforms and that there would soon be consultations in this regard with policy-makers and experts.This would not be a moment too soon. Railways desperately needs to grow its revenues because its expenses have shot up. Its ordinary working expenses grew by 7.3 percent in the years between 2004-05 and 2007-08, but jumped by 32 percent in the next year on account of the pay commission. A newspaper report pointed out that the railway surplus too has dwindled to Rs. 1 crore from over Rs 4,400 crore the last fiscal.The Indian Railways is at a crossroad where business as usual is not sustainable in the long run. If Railways has to be protected as the countrys growth wagon, transformation of the governance structure and augmentation of the accountability levels for delivery and performance is a must, says infrastructure expert Akhileshwar Sahay who has studied railway reforms across the world. So what can Railways do? Experts on railway restructuring around the world say that a mix of reforms done in Japan and Argentina could solve key problems. There are a couple of problem areas that need attention right away . Some of these can be solved through Japanese style reforms (for administration) while the others will need the Argentinean method (exit non-core businesses).Q. The Indian Railways is at a crossroad where business as usualjs not sustainable in the long run. implies:a)The Railways is headed for a big disaster.b)If the Railways does not undergo reforms, it will hinder the countys growth.c)If the Railways continue to function poorly, we will have to depend on other modes of public transport.d)The Railway Ministry has to reconsider the use of abundant resources for its sustainability.Correct answer is option 'B'. Can you explain this answer? covers all topics & solutions for CAT 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, meanings, examples, exercises and tests below for Between 2004 and 2008, Indian Railways has not been able to perform to its potential. Normally, Railwaysrevenue grows by two percentage points higher than the growth of Indian economy. According to Railwaysown statistics, its revenues growth rate was two percentage points lower than the growth rate of Indian GDP in each of these four years. The main problem is a severe capacity constraint that does not allow the Railways to carry more freight even when there is demand. Freight traffic has grown by an average of over 9 percent in the last four years but in order to grow further the railways have to concentrate on infrastructure development. The central government recently set up the National Transport Development Policy Committee to suggest measures to promote greater commercial orientation of transport services in the country.The committee is chaired by Dr. Rakesh Mohan, former deputy governor, Reserve Bank of India, who earlier headed the expert group on Railways that recommended corporatisation of the railway administration in 2002. This might be the right time for the government to consider taking a second look at railway reforms. A senior officer concerned with transport infrastructure planning in the country said that the committee was likely to recommend a few measures in the direction of railway reforms and that there would soon be consultations in this regard with policy-makers and experts.This would not be a moment too soon. Railways desperately needs to grow its revenues because its expenses have shot up. Its ordinary working expenses grew by 7.3 percent in the years between 2004-05 and 2007-08, but jumped by 32 percent in the next year on account of the pay commission. A newspaper report pointed out that the railway surplus too has dwindled to Rs. 1 crore from over Rs 4,400 crore the last fiscal.The Indian Railways is at a crossroad where business as usual is not sustainable in the long run. If Railways has to be protected as the countrys growth wagon, transformation of the governance structure and augmentation of the accountability levels for delivery and performance is a must, says infrastructure expert Akhileshwar Sahay who has studied railway reforms across the world. So what can Railways do? Experts on railway restructuring around the world say that a mix of reforms done in Japan and Argentina could solve key problems. There are a couple of problem areas that need attention right away . Some of these can be solved through Japanese style reforms (for administration) while the others will need the Argentinean method (exit non-core businesses).Q. The Indian Railways is at a crossroad where business as usualjs not sustainable in the long run. implies:a)The Railways is headed for a big disaster.b)If the Railways does not undergo reforms, it will hinder the countys growth.c)If the Railways continue to function poorly, we will have to depend on other modes of public transport.d)The Railway Ministry has to reconsider the use of abundant resources for its sustainability.Correct answer is option 'B'. Can you explain this answer?.
Solutions for Between 2004 and 2008, Indian Railways has not been able to perform to its potential. Normally, Railwaysrevenue grows by two percentage points higher than the growth of Indian economy. According to Railwaysown statistics, its revenues growth rate was two percentage points lower than the growth rate of Indian GDP in each of these four years. The main problem is a severe capacity constraint that does not allow the Railways to carry more freight even when there is demand. Freight traffic has grown by an average of over 9 percent in the last four years but in order to grow further the railways have to concentrate on infrastructure development. The central government recently set up the National Transport Development Policy Committee to suggest measures to promote greater commercial orientation of transport services in the country.The committee is chaired by Dr. Rakesh Mohan, former deputy governor, Reserve Bank of India, who earlier headed the expert group on Railways that recommended corporatisation of the railway administration in 2002. This might be the right time for the government to consider taking a second look at railway reforms. A senior officer concerned with transport infrastructure planning in the country said that the committee was likely to recommend a few measures in the direction of railway reforms and that there would soon be consultations in this regard with policy-makers and experts.This would not be a moment too soon. Railways desperately needs to grow its revenues because its expenses have shot up. Its ordinary working expenses grew by 7.3 percent in the years between 2004-05 and 2007-08, but jumped by 32 percent in the next year on account of the pay commission. A newspaper report pointed out that the railway surplus too has dwindled to Rs. 1 crore from over Rs 4,400 crore the last fiscal.The Indian Railways is at a crossroad where business as usual is not sustainable in the long run. If Railways has to be protected as the countrys growth wagon, transformation of the governance structure and augmentation of the accountability levels for delivery and performance is a must, says infrastructure expert Akhileshwar Sahay who has studied railway reforms across the world. So what can Railways do? Experts on railway restructuring around the world say that a mix of reforms done in Japan and Argentina could solve key problems. There are a couple of problem areas that need attention right away . Some of these can be solved through Japanese style reforms (for administration) while the others will need the Argentinean method (exit non-core businesses).Q. The Indian Railways is at a crossroad where business as usualjs not sustainable in the long run. implies:a)The Railways is headed for a big disaster.b)If the Railways does not undergo reforms, it will hinder the countys growth.c)If the Railways continue to function poorly, we will have to depend on other modes of public transport.d)The Railway Ministry has to reconsider the use of abundant resources for its sustainability.Correct answer is option 'B'. Can you explain this answer? in English & in Hindi are available as part of our courses for CAT. Download more important topics, notes, lectures and mock test series for CAT Exam by signing up for free.
Here you can find the meaning of Between 2004 and 2008, Indian Railways has not been able to perform to its potential. Normally, Railwaysrevenue grows by two percentage points higher than the growth of Indian economy. According to Railwaysown statistics, its revenues growth rate was two percentage points lower than the growth rate of Indian GDP in each of these four years. The main problem is a severe capacity constraint that does not allow the Railways to carry more freight even when there is demand. Freight traffic has grown by an average of over 9 percent in the last four years but in order to grow further the railways have to concentrate on infrastructure development. The central government recently set up the National Transport Development Policy Committee to suggest measures to promote greater commercial orientation of transport services in the country.The committee is chaired by Dr. Rakesh Mohan, former deputy governor, Reserve Bank of India, who earlier headed the expert group on Railways that recommended corporatisation of the railway administration in 2002. This might be the right time for the government to consider taking a second look at railway reforms. A senior officer concerned with transport infrastructure planning in the country said that the committee was likely to recommend a few measures in the direction of railway reforms and that there would soon be consultations in this regard with policy-makers and experts.This would not be a moment too soon. Railways desperately needs to grow its revenues because its expenses have shot up. Its ordinary working expenses grew by 7.3 percent in the years between 2004-05 and 2007-08, but jumped by 32 percent in the next year on account of the pay commission. A newspaper report pointed out that the railway surplus too has dwindled to Rs. 1 crore from over Rs 4,400 crore the last fiscal.The Indian Railways is at a crossroad where business as usual is not sustainable in the long run. If Railways has to be protected as the countrys growth wagon, transformation of the governance structure and augmentation of the accountability levels for delivery and performance is a must, says infrastructure expert Akhileshwar Sahay who has studied railway reforms across the world. So what can Railways do? Experts on railway restructuring around the world say that a mix of reforms done in Japan and Argentina could solve key problems. There are a couple of problem areas that need attention right away . Some of these can be solved through Japanese style reforms (for administration) while the others will need the Argentinean method (exit non-core businesses).Q. The Indian Railways is at a crossroad where business as usualjs not sustainable in the long run. implies:a)The Railways is headed for a big disaster.b)If the Railways does not undergo reforms, it will hinder the countys growth.c)If the Railways continue to function poorly, we will have to depend on other modes of public transport.d)The Railway Ministry has to reconsider the use of abundant resources for its sustainability.Correct answer is option 'B'. Can you explain this answer? defined & explained in the simplest way possible. Besides giving the explanation of Between 2004 and 2008, Indian Railways has not been able to perform to its potential. Normally, Railwaysrevenue grows by two percentage points higher than the growth of Indian economy. According to Railwaysown statistics, its revenues growth rate was two percentage points lower than the growth rate of Indian GDP in each of these four years. The main problem is a severe capacity constraint that does not allow the Railways to carry more freight even when there is demand. Freight traffic has grown by an average of over 9 percent in the last four years but in order to grow further the railways have to concentrate on infrastructure development. The central government recently set up the National Transport Development Policy Committee to suggest measures to promote greater commercial orientation of transport services in the country.The committee is chaired by Dr. Rakesh Mohan, former deputy governor, Reserve Bank of India, who earlier headed the expert group on Railways that recommended corporatisation of the railway administration in 2002. This might be the right time for the government to consider taking a second look at railway reforms. A senior officer concerned with transport infrastructure planning in the country said that the committee was likely to recommend a few measures in the direction of railway reforms and that there would soon be consultations in this regard with policy-makers and experts.This would not be a moment too soon. Railways desperately needs to grow its revenues because its expenses have shot up. Its ordinary working expenses grew by 7.3 percent in the years between 2004-05 and 2007-08, but jumped by 32 percent in the next year on account of the pay commission. A newspaper report pointed out that the railway surplus too has dwindled to Rs. 1 crore from over Rs 4,400 crore the last fiscal.The Indian Railways is at a crossroad where business as usual is not sustainable in the long run. If Railways has to be protected as the countrys growth wagon, transformation of the governance structure and augmentation of the accountability levels for delivery and performance is a must, says infrastructure expert Akhileshwar Sahay who has studied railway reforms across the world. So what can Railways do? Experts on railway restructuring around the world say that a mix of reforms done in Japan and Argentina could solve key problems. There are a couple of problem areas that need attention right away . Some of these can be solved through Japanese style reforms (for administration) while the others will need the Argentinean method (exit non-core businesses).Q. The Indian Railways is at a crossroad where business as usualjs not sustainable in the long run. implies:a)The Railways is headed for a big disaster.b)If the Railways does not undergo reforms, it will hinder the countys growth.c)If the Railways continue to function poorly, we will have to depend on other modes of public transport.d)The Railway Ministry has to reconsider the use of abundant resources for its sustainability.Correct answer is option 'B'. Can you explain this answer?, a detailed solution for Between 2004 and 2008, Indian Railways has not been able to perform to its potential. Normally, Railwaysrevenue grows by two percentage points higher than the growth of Indian economy. According to Railwaysown statistics, its revenues growth rate was two percentage points lower than the growth rate of Indian GDP in each of these four years. The main problem is a severe capacity constraint that does not allow the Railways to carry more freight even when there is demand. Freight traffic has grown by an average of over 9 percent in the last four years but in order to grow further the railways have to concentrate on infrastructure development. The central government recently set up the National Transport Development Policy Committee to suggest measures to promote greater commercial orientation of transport services in the country.The committee is chaired by Dr. Rakesh Mohan, former deputy governor, Reserve Bank of India, who earlier headed the expert group on Railways that recommended corporatisation of the railway administration in 2002. This might be the right time for the government to consider taking a second look at railway reforms. A senior officer concerned with transport infrastructure planning in the country said that the committee was likely to recommend a few measures in the direction of railway reforms and that there would soon be consultations in this regard with policy-makers and experts.This would not be a moment too soon. Railways desperately needs to grow its revenues because its expenses have shot up. Its ordinary working expenses grew by 7.3 percent in the years between 2004-05 and 2007-08, but jumped by 32 percent in the next year on account of the pay commission. A newspaper report pointed out that the railway surplus too has dwindled to Rs. 1 crore from over Rs 4,400 crore the last fiscal.The Indian Railways is at a crossroad where business as usual is not sustainable in the long run. If Railways has to be protected as the countrys growth wagon, transformation of the governance structure and augmentation of the accountability levels for delivery and performance is a must, says infrastructure expert Akhileshwar Sahay who has studied railway reforms across the world. So what can Railways do? Experts on railway restructuring around the world say that a mix of reforms done in Japan and Argentina could solve key problems. There are a couple of problem areas that need attention right away . Some of these can be solved through Japanese style reforms (for administration) while the others will need the Argentinean method (exit non-core businesses).Q. The Indian Railways is at a crossroad where business as usualjs not sustainable in the long run. implies:a)The Railways is headed for a big disaster.b)If the Railways does not undergo reforms, it will hinder the countys growth.c)If the Railways continue to function poorly, we will have to depend on other modes of public transport.d)The Railway Ministry has to reconsider the use of abundant resources for its sustainability.Correct answer is option 'B'. Can you explain this answer? has been provided alongside types of Between 2004 and 2008, Indian Railways has not been able to perform to its potential. Normally, Railwaysrevenue grows by two percentage points higher than the growth of Indian economy. According to Railwaysown statistics, its revenues growth rate was two percentage points lower than the growth rate of Indian GDP in each of these four years. The main problem is a severe capacity constraint that does not allow the Railways to carry more freight even when there is demand. Freight traffic has grown by an average of over 9 percent in the last four years but in order to grow further the railways have to concentrate on infrastructure development. The central government recently set up the National Transport Development Policy Committee to suggest measures to promote greater commercial orientation of transport services in the country.The committee is chaired by Dr. Rakesh Mohan, former deputy governor, Reserve Bank of India, who earlier headed the expert group on Railways that recommended corporatisation of the railway administration in 2002. This might be the right time for the government to consider taking a second look at railway reforms. A senior officer concerned with transport infrastructure planning in the country said that the committee was likely to recommend a few measures in the direction of railway reforms and that there would soon be consultations in this regard with policy-makers and experts.This would not be a moment too soon. Railways desperately needs to grow its revenues because its expenses have shot up. Its ordinary working expenses grew by 7.3 percent in the years between 2004-05 and 2007-08, but jumped by 32 percent in the next year on account of the pay commission. A newspaper report pointed out that the railway surplus too has dwindled to Rs. 1 crore from over Rs 4,400 crore the last fiscal.The Indian Railways is at a crossroad where business as usual is not sustainable in the long run. If Railways has to be protected as the countrys growth wagon, transformation of the governance structure and augmentation of the accountability levels for delivery and performance is a must, says infrastructure expert Akhileshwar Sahay who has studied railway reforms across the world. So what can Railways do? Experts on railway restructuring around the world say that a mix of reforms done in Japan and Argentina could solve key problems. There are a couple of problem areas that need attention right away . Some of these can be solved through Japanese style reforms (for administration) while the others will need the Argentinean method (exit non-core businesses).Q. The Indian Railways is at a crossroad where business as usualjs not sustainable in the long run. implies:a)The Railways is headed for a big disaster.b)If the Railways does not undergo reforms, it will hinder the countys growth.c)If the Railways continue to function poorly, we will have to depend on other modes of public transport.d)The Railway Ministry has to reconsider the use of abundant resources for its sustainability.Correct answer is option 'B'. Can you explain this answer? theory, EduRev gives you an ample number of questions to practice Between 2004 and 2008, Indian Railways has not been able to perform to its potential. Normally, Railwaysrevenue grows by two percentage points higher than the growth of Indian economy. According to Railwaysown statistics, its revenues growth rate was two percentage points lower than the growth rate of Indian GDP in each of these four years. The main problem is a severe capacity constraint that does not allow the Railways to carry more freight even when there is demand. Freight traffic has grown by an average of over 9 percent in the last four years but in order to grow further the railways have to concentrate on infrastructure development. The central government recently set up the National Transport Development Policy Committee to suggest measures to promote greater commercial orientation of transport services in the country.The committee is chaired by Dr. Rakesh Mohan, former deputy governor, Reserve Bank of India, who earlier headed the expert group on Railways that recommended corporatisation of the railway administration in 2002. This might be the right time for the government to consider taking a second look at railway reforms. A senior officer concerned with transport infrastructure planning in the country said that the committee was likely to recommend a few measures in the direction of railway reforms and that there would soon be consultations in this regard with policy-makers and experts.This would not be a moment too soon. Railways desperately needs to grow its revenues because its expenses have shot up. Its ordinary working expenses grew by 7.3 percent in the years between 2004-05 and 2007-08, but jumped by 32 percent in the next year on account of the pay commission. A newspaper report pointed out that the railway surplus too has dwindled to Rs. 1 crore from over Rs 4,400 crore the last fiscal.The Indian Railways is at a crossroad where business as usual is not sustainable in the long run. If Railways has to be protected as the countrys growth wagon, transformation of the governance structure and augmentation of the accountability levels for delivery and performance is a must, says infrastructure expert Akhileshwar Sahay who has studied railway reforms across the world. So what can Railways do? Experts on railway restructuring around the world say that a mix of reforms done in Japan and Argentina could solve key problems. There are a couple of problem areas that need attention right away . Some of these can be solved through Japanese style reforms (for administration) while the others will need the Argentinean method (exit non-core businesses).Q. The Indian Railways is at a crossroad where business as usualjs not sustainable in the long run. implies:a)The Railways is headed for a big disaster.b)If the Railways does not undergo reforms, it will hinder the countys growth.c)If the Railways continue to function poorly, we will have to depend on other modes of public transport.d)The Railway Ministry has to reconsider the use of abundant resources for its sustainability.Correct answer is option 'B'. Can you explain this answer? tests, examples and also practice CAT tests.
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