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Why do we respire Related: NCERT Solution - Chapter 10 - Respiration ...
It occurs in every cell in your body. During normal human respiration, glucose (a type of sugar that you get from food) reacts with oxygen to produce energy. The energy is needed for growth, repair and movement. Water and carbon dioxide are bi-products of respiration - they need to be excreted.
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Why do we respire Related: NCERT Solution - Chapter 10 - Respiration ...
Respiration in Organisms: Why do we respire?

Respiration is a vital process for organisms as it provides the necessary energy required for various life functions. It is the process of breaking down glucose molecules in the presence of oxygen to release energy, carbon dioxide, and water. Let's delve into the reasons why respiration is essential for living organisms.

1. Production of Energy:
Respiration is primarily responsible for the production of energy in the form of adenosine triphosphate (ATP). ATP is the energy currency of cells and is required for all metabolic activities, such as muscle contraction, cell division, synthesis of molecules, and active transport.

2. Cellular Respiration:
Cellular respiration occurs in the mitochondria of cells and involves a series of biochemical reactions. It consists of three main stages: glycolysis, the Krebs cycle (or citric acid cycle), and oxidative phosphorylation. Through these processes, glucose is broken down to produce ATP molecules.

3. Aerobic and Anaerobic Respiration:
Most organisms, including humans and animals, undergo aerobic respiration, which requires oxygen. In this process, glucose is completely oxidized, producing a large amount of ATP. However, when oxygen is limited, some organisms, such as yeast, can undergo anaerobic respiration. This process yields less energy and produces lactic acid or ethanol as byproducts.

4. Gas Exchange:
Respiration also facilitates the exchange of gases between the organism and the environment. In humans and many other animals, oxygen is inhaled through the respiratory system and transported to the cells via the bloodstream. Carbon dioxide, a waste product of cellular respiration, is then expelled from the body through exhalation.

5. Removal of Waste Products:
Apart from carbon dioxide, respiration also eliminates other waste products, such as water and heat, from the body. Water is produced as a byproduct of the complete oxidation of glucose, while heat is generated due to the energy released during respiration.

6. Maintenance of Homeostasis:
Respiration plays a crucial role in maintaining homeostasis, the internal balance of an organism. It helps regulate the pH level in the body by controlling the release of carbon dioxide, which can lead to acidosis if accumulated in excessive amounts.

In conclusion, respiration is essential for living organisms as it provides energy, facilitates gas exchange, removes waste products, and helps maintain homeostasis. Without respiration, organisms would not be able to perform vital life functions and sustain their survival.
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Why do we respire Related: NCERT Solution - Chapter 10 - Respiration in Organisms, Class 7, Science
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