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describe white Australian policy of Australian government history class 11
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describe white Australian policy of Australian government history clas...
The legal end of the White Australia policy is usually placed in the year 1973, when the Whitlam Labor government implemented a series of amendments preventing the enforcement of racial aspects of the immigration law.
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describe white Australian policy of Australian government history clas...
White Australian Policy of the Australian Government

The White Australian Policy was a set of immigration policies implemented by the Australian government from the late 19th century to the mid-20th century. It aimed to restrict the entry of non-European immigrants, particularly those of Asian and Pacific Islander descent, to maintain a predominantly white population in Australia. This policy had a significant impact on the indigenous peoples of Australia, as well as on immigrants from non-European backgrounds.

Background and Rationale

- The policy emerged in the late 19th century when Australia was experiencing an influx of immigrants, particularly from China, following the discovery of gold in the 1850s.
- The influx of non-European migrants, combined with racial prejudices and fears of a "Yellow Peril," led to growing calls for restrictions on immigration.
- The policy aimed to protect the economic and social interests of white Australians, maintain racial homogeneity, and preserve the perceived superiority of the white race.

Key Policies and Measures

- The Immigration Restriction Act of 1901, also known as the White Australia Policy, established a dictation test as a means to exclude non-European immigrants.
- The dictation test involved administering a written test in any European language chosen by immigration officials, effectively barring non-Europeans from entering the country.
- The Pacific Island Labourers Act of 1901 aimed to deport Pacific Islanders who had been brought to Australia as cheap labor in the sugar cane industry.
- The Post-WWII Immigration Program, which began in the late 1940s, relaxed restrictions on European immigration while maintaining strict controls on non-European migrants.

Impact on Indigenous Peoples

- The White Australian Policy had a detrimental impact on indigenous peoples, who were already marginalized and dispossessed of their lands.
- Indigenous Australians faced discrimination, dispossession, and forced removal from their ancestral lands, leading to significant social, cultural, and economic consequences.
- The policy reinforced the displacement and marginalization of indigenous communities, contributing to the systemic disadvantage and ongoing struggles faced by indigenous peoples in Australia.

In conclusion, the White Australian Policy was a set of immigration policies implemented by the Australian government to restrict non-European immigration and maintain a predominantly white population. It had a profound impact on indigenous peoples, perpetuating their marginalization and contributing to the displacement and dispossession they experienced.
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describe white Australian policy of Australian government history class 11 Related: Revision Notes - Displacing Indigenous Peoples, Class 11, History
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