Agreements & Missiles Notes | Study Science & Technology for UPSC 2022 (Pre & Mains) - Russian

Russian: Agreements & Missiles Notes | Study Science & Technology for UPSC 2022 (Pre & Mains) - Russian

The document Agreements & Missiles Notes | Study Science & Technology for UPSC 2022 (Pre & Mains) - Russian is a part of the Russian Course Science & Technology for UPSC 2022 (Pre & Mains).
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 Page 1


 
Agreements 
•COMCASA 
?Signed in 2018 on the sidelines of 2+2 dialogue, it stands for Communications Compatibility and 
Security Agreement and is one of the four foundational agreements that the US signs with allies and 
close partners to facilitate interoperability between militaries and sale of high end technology 
?It is an India-speci?c version of the Communication and Information on Security Memorandum of 
Agreement (CISMOA) 
?It comes into force immediately and is valid for a period of 10 years  
?It allows India to procure transfer specialised equipment for encrypted communications for US 
origin military platforms like the C-17, C-130 and P-8Is  
•
GSOMIA  
?Signed in 2002, the General Security of Military Information Agreement prescribes the security 
standards and protocols for safeguarding information shared by the Pentagon with India’s defence 
ministry; as well as by US defence ?rms with Indian defence public sector undertakings (DPSUs) 
?It, however, doesn’t cover the exchange of classi?ed information with Indian private companies  
? Washington wants it covered, given New Delhi’s emphasis on the”strategic partnership” (SP) 
model of procurement, in which Indian private ?rms will manufacture defence equipment for 
t h e m i l i t a r y, u s i n g t e c h n o l o g y t ra n s f e r r e d by g l o b a l “o r i g i n a l e q u i p m e n t 
manufacturers” (OEMs) 
?It is one of the foundational agreements that US signs with its allies 
•
LEMOA 
?Signed in 2016, it will give the militaries of both countries access to each other’s facilities for 
supplies and repairs  
?While it is an enabling agreement, LEMOA does not make logistical support automatic or obligatory 
for either party 
?It does not involve allowing military bases either 
?The services or supplies accessed will be on a reimbursable basis as per the pact 
?It is also one of the four ‘foundational agreements’ 
•
BECA 
?India is yet to sign the Basic Exchange and Cooperation Agreement for Geo-spatial Cooperation  
?It would initiate a set of protocols between the two countries for sharing intelligence associated to 
mapping and geospatial activities in real time  
?While the Information Security Agreement (ISA) stops India from sharing US technology with other 
countries, BECA would facilitate exchange of geospatial information between India and US for both 
military and civilian use 
www.YouTube.com/SleepyClasses 
www.SleepyClasses.com 
!
Page 2


 
Agreements 
•COMCASA 
?Signed in 2018 on the sidelines of 2+2 dialogue, it stands for Communications Compatibility and 
Security Agreement and is one of the four foundational agreements that the US signs with allies and 
close partners to facilitate interoperability between militaries and sale of high end technology 
?It is an India-speci?c version of the Communication and Information on Security Memorandum of 
Agreement (CISMOA) 
?It comes into force immediately and is valid for a period of 10 years  
?It allows India to procure transfer specialised equipment for encrypted communications for US 
origin military platforms like the C-17, C-130 and P-8Is  
•
GSOMIA  
?Signed in 2002, the General Security of Military Information Agreement prescribes the security 
standards and protocols for safeguarding information shared by the Pentagon with India’s defence 
ministry; as well as by US defence ?rms with Indian defence public sector undertakings (DPSUs) 
?It, however, doesn’t cover the exchange of classi?ed information with Indian private companies  
? Washington wants it covered, given New Delhi’s emphasis on the”strategic partnership” (SP) 
model of procurement, in which Indian private ?rms will manufacture defence equipment for 
t h e m i l i t a r y, u s i n g t e c h n o l o g y t ra n s f e r r e d by g l o b a l “o r i g i n a l e q u i p m e n t 
manufacturers” (OEMs) 
?It is one of the foundational agreements that US signs with its allies 
•
LEMOA 
?Signed in 2016, it will give the militaries of both countries access to each other’s facilities for 
supplies and repairs  
?While it is an enabling agreement, LEMOA does not make logistical support automatic or obligatory 
for either party 
?It does not involve allowing military bases either 
?The services or supplies accessed will be on a reimbursable basis as per the pact 
?It is also one of the four ‘foundational agreements’ 
•
BECA 
?India is yet to sign the Basic Exchange and Cooperation Agreement for Geo-spatial Cooperation  
?It would initiate a set of protocols between the two countries for sharing intelligence associated to 
mapping and geospatial activities in real time  
?While the Information Security Agreement (ISA) stops India from sharing US technology with other 
countries, BECA would facilitate exchange of geospatial information between India and US for both 
military and civilian use 
www.YouTube.com/SleepyClasses 
www.SleepyClasses.com 
! 
?It would also set a framework through which US could share sensitive data to aid targeting and 
navigation with India  
CAATSA 
•
Countering America’s Adversaires Through Sanctions Act is a US federal law that imposed sanctions on 
Iran, North Korea and Russia by sanctioning persons engaging in business transactions with these 
counties  
•CAATSA had not speci?ed any speci?c sanctions, only that ?ve or more sanctions from a list of 12 had to 
be imposed on the person whom “the President determines, knowingly engaged in a signi?cant 
transaction” Missiles 
•Prithvi Missile  
?It is India’s ?rst indigenously developed tactical surface-to-surface short range ballistic missile 
developed by DRDO under the Integrated Guided Missile Development Program  
?Prithvi III has a range of 350 km and can carry a payload of 1000 kg 
? Its naval version is referred to as Dhanush  
?It is deployed by India’s Strategic Forces Command 
•
ATGM Nag 
?Fire-and-forget anti-tank guided missile 
?An all weather, top attack missile with a range of 3 to 7 km 
?Developed by DRDO under Integrated Guided Missile Development Program 
?A man portable anti-tank guided missile (MPATGM) was also recently tested 
? Fitted with a high-explosive anti-tank (HEAT) warhead, the MPATGM boasts a top attack 
capability and has a maximum engagement range of about 2.5 km 
?It is ?red from Nag Missile Carrier (NAMICA), an Indian licence-produced variant of the Soviet -era 
BMP-II armoured infantry ?ghting vehicle  
•Spike  
?Israeli ?re-and-forget anti-tank guided missile and anti-personnel missile with a tandem-charge 
HEAT warhead 
?Developed and designed by Israeli company Rafael Advanced Defense System  
?Available in man-portable, vehicle-launched and helicopter-launched variants  
?Its pro?le is similar to the lofted trajectory ?ight pro?le of the US FGM-148 Javelin 
•
Agni 5 
?3-stage surface-to-surface missile which is capable of carrying 1.5 tonnes of nuclear warheads 
?India has in its armoury the Agni missile series - Agni-1 with a range of 700 km, Agni-2 with a range 
of 2,000 km, Agni-3 and Agni-4 with 2,500 km to more than 3,500 km range 
www.YouTube.com/SleepyClasses 
www.SleepyClasses.com 
!
Page 3


 
Agreements 
•COMCASA 
?Signed in 2018 on the sidelines of 2+2 dialogue, it stands for Communications Compatibility and 
Security Agreement and is one of the four foundational agreements that the US signs with allies and 
close partners to facilitate interoperability between militaries and sale of high end technology 
?It is an India-speci?c version of the Communication and Information on Security Memorandum of 
Agreement (CISMOA) 
?It comes into force immediately and is valid for a period of 10 years  
?It allows India to procure transfer specialised equipment for encrypted communications for US 
origin military platforms like the C-17, C-130 and P-8Is  
•
GSOMIA  
?Signed in 2002, the General Security of Military Information Agreement prescribes the security 
standards and protocols for safeguarding information shared by the Pentagon with India’s defence 
ministry; as well as by US defence ?rms with Indian defence public sector undertakings (DPSUs) 
?It, however, doesn’t cover the exchange of classi?ed information with Indian private companies  
? Washington wants it covered, given New Delhi’s emphasis on the”strategic partnership” (SP) 
model of procurement, in which Indian private ?rms will manufacture defence equipment for 
t h e m i l i t a r y, u s i n g t e c h n o l o g y t ra n s f e r r e d by g l o b a l “o r i g i n a l e q u i p m e n t 
manufacturers” (OEMs) 
?It is one of the foundational agreements that US signs with its allies 
•
LEMOA 
?Signed in 2016, it will give the militaries of both countries access to each other’s facilities for 
supplies and repairs  
?While it is an enabling agreement, LEMOA does not make logistical support automatic or obligatory 
for either party 
?It does not involve allowing military bases either 
?The services or supplies accessed will be on a reimbursable basis as per the pact 
?It is also one of the four ‘foundational agreements’ 
•
BECA 
?India is yet to sign the Basic Exchange and Cooperation Agreement for Geo-spatial Cooperation  
?It would initiate a set of protocols between the two countries for sharing intelligence associated to 
mapping and geospatial activities in real time  
?While the Information Security Agreement (ISA) stops India from sharing US technology with other 
countries, BECA would facilitate exchange of geospatial information between India and US for both 
military and civilian use 
www.YouTube.com/SleepyClasses 
www.SleepyClasses.com 
! 
?It would also set a framework through which US could share sensitive data to aid targeting and 
navigation with India  
CAATSA 
•
Countering America’s Adversaires Through Sanctions Act is a US federal law that imposed sanctions on 
Iran, North Korea and Russia by sanctioning persons engaging in business transactions with these 
counties  
•CAATSA had not speci?ed any speci?c sanctions, only that ?ve or more sanctions from a list of 12 had to 
be imposed on the person whom “the President determines, knowingly engaged in a signi?cant 
transaction” Missiles 
•Prithvi Missile  
?It is India’s ?rst indigenously developed tactical surface-to-surface short range ballistic missile 
developed by DRDO under the Integrated Guided Missile Development Program  
?Prithvi III has a range of 350 km and can carry a payload of 1000 kg 
? Its naval version is referred to as Dhanush  
?It is deployed by India’s Strategic Forces Command 
•
ATGM Nag 
?Fire-and-forget anti-tank guided missile 
?An all weather, top attack missile with a range of 3 to 7 km 
?Developed by DRDO under Integrated Guided Missile Development Program 
?A man portable anti-tank guided missile (MPATGM) was also recently tested 
? Fitted with a high-explosive anti-tank (HEAT) warhead, the MPATGM boasts a top attack 
capability and has a maximum engagement range of about 2.5 km 
?It is ?red from Nag Missile Carrier (NAMICA), an Indian licence-produced variant of the Soviet -era 
BMP-II armoured infantry ?ghting vehicle  
•Spike  
?Israeli ?re-and-forget anti-tank guided missile and anti-personnel missile with a tandem-charge 
HEAT warhead 
?Developed and designed by Israeli company Rafael Advanced Defense System  
?Available in man-portable, vehicle-launched and helicopter-launched variants  
?Its pro?le is similar to the lofted trajectory ?ight pro?le of the US FGM-148 Javelin 
•
Agni 5 
?3-stage surface-to-surface missile which is capable of carrying 1.5 tonnes of nuclear warheads 
?India has in its armoury the Agni missile series - Agni-1 with a range of 700 km, Agni-2 with a range 
of 2,000 km, Agni-3 and Agni-4 with 2,500 km to more than 3,500 km range 
www.YouTube.com/SleepyClasses 
www.SleepyClasses.com 
! 
?Once inducted in the military, India will join an exclusive club of countries like the US, Russia, China, 
France and Britain which have intercontinental ballistic missile capabilities 
?Commanded by the onboard computer with the support of laser gyro-based inertial navigation 
system, micro inertial navigation system (MINS), fully digital control system and advanced compact 
avionics, the missile hit the designated target point accurately, meeting all mission objectives 
•Brahmos 
?Medium range ramjet supersonic cruise missile that can be used against ship and land targets  
?Range is upto 290 km 
?Fastest cruise missile in the world 
?It can be launched from submarine, ships, aircraft or land 
?It is a two-stage missile with a solid propellant booster engine as its ?rst stage which brings it to 
supersonic speed and then gets separated  
? The liquid ramjet or the second stage then takes the missile closer to 3 Mach speed in cruise 
phase  
•
Ballistic Missile Intercepter AAD/ Ashvin Advanced Defense  
?Endo-atmospheric missile, capable of intercepting incoming targets at an altitude of 15 to 25 kms  
?Single stage sold rocket propelled guided missile  
?Indigenously developed supersonic interceptor missile capable of destroying any incoming enemy 
ballistic missile at low altitude  
•
Prahar 
?Indian solid-fuel surface-to-surface supersonic short-range tactical ballistic missile developed by 
the DRDO  
?Expected to replace Prithvi-I short range ballistic missile  
?It is capable of ?lling the gap between the multi-barrel rocket system ‘Pinaka’ and medium-range 
ballistic missile ‘Prithvi’ 
•Astra 
?Indigenously developed all weather Beyond Visual Range Air-to-Air Missile (BVRAAM) developed 
by DRDO 
?It uses solid propellant  
?It is the ?rst air-to-air missile developed by India  
?It is capable of engaging targets at varying range and altitudes allowing for engagement of both 
short-range targets at a distance of 20 km and long-range targets up to a distance of 80 km 
?Currently it is integrated in frontline ?ghter jet Sukhoi 30 MKI and will be set in Mirage 2000 and 
MiG 29 in the future 
www.YouTube.com/SleepyClasses 
www.SleepyClasses.com 
!
Page 4


 
Agreements 
•COMCASA 
?Signed in 2018 on the sidelines of 2+2 dialogue, it stands for Communications Compatibility and 
Security Agreement and is one of the four foundational agreements that the US signs with allies and 
close partners to facilitate interoperability between militaries and sale of high end technology 
?It is an India-speci?c version of the Communication and Information on Security Memorandum of 
Agreement (CISMOA) 
?It comes into force immediately and is valid for a period of 10 years  
?It allows India to procure transfer specialised equipment for encrypted communications for US 
origin military platforms like the C-17, C-130 and P-8Is  
•
GSOMIA  
?Signed in 2002, the General Security of Military Information Agreement prescribes the security 
standards and protocols for safeguarding information shared by the Pentagon with India’s defence 
ministry; as well as by US defence ?rms with Indian defence public sector undertakings (DPSUs) 
?It, however, doesn’t cover the exchange of classi?ed information with Indian private companies  
? Washington wants it covered, given New Delhi’s emphasis on the”strategic partnership” (SP) 
model of procurement, in which Indian private ?rms will manufacture defence equipment for 
t h e m i l i t a r y, u s i n g t e c h n o l o g y t ra n s f e r r e d by g l o b a l “o r i g i n a l e q u i p m e n t 
manufacturers” (OEMs) 
?It is one of the foundational agreements that US signs with its allies 
•
LEMOA 
?Signed in 2016, it will give the militaries of both countries access to each other’s facilities for 
supplies and repairs  
?While it is an enabling agreement, LEMOA does not make logistical support automatic or obligatory 
for either party 
?It does not involve allowing military bases either 
?The services or supplies accessed will be on a reimbursable basis as per the pact 
?It is also one of the four ‘foundational agreements’ 
•
BECA 
?India is yet to sign the Basic Exchange and Cooperation Agreement for Geo-spatial Cooperation  
?It would initiate a set of protocols between the two countries for sharing intelligence associated to 
mapping and geospatial activities in real time  
?While the Information Security Agreement (ISA) stops India from sharing US technology with other 
countries, BECA would facilitate exchange of geospatial information between India and US for both 
military and civilian use 
www.YouTube.com/SleepyClasses 
www.SleepyClasses.com 
! 
?It would also set a framework through which US could share sensitive data to aid targeting and 
navigation with India  
CAATSA 
•
Countering America’s Adversaires Through Sanctions Act is a US federal law that imposed sanctions on 
Iran, North Korea and Russia by sanctioning persons engaging in business transactions with these 
counties  
•CAATSA had not speci?ed any speci?c sanctions, only that ?ve or more sanctions from a list of 12 had to 
be imposed on the person whom “the President determines, knowingly engaged in a signi?cant 
transaction” Missiles 
•Prithvi Missile  
?It is India’s ?rst indigenously developed tactical surface-to-surface short range ballistic missile 
developed by DRDO under the Integrated Guided Missile Development Program  
?Prithvi III has a range of 350 km and can carry a payload of 1000 kg 
? Its naval version is referred to as Dhanush  
?It is deployed by India’s Strategic Forces Command 
•
ATGM Nag 
?Fire-and-forget anti-tank guided missile 
?An all weather, top attack missile with a range of 3 to 7 km 
?Developed by DRDO under Integrated Guided Missile Development Program 
?A man portable anti-tank guided missile (MPATGM) was also recently tested 
? Fitted with a high-explosive anti-tank (HEAT) warhead, the MPATGM boasts a top attack 
capability and has a maximum engagement range of about 2.5 km 
?It is ?red from Nag Missile Carrier (NAMICA), an Indian licence-produced variant of the Soviet -era 
BMP-II armoured infantry ?ghting vehicle  
•Spike  
?Israeli ?re-and-forget anti-tank guided missile and anti-personnel missile with a tandem-charge 
HEAT warhead 
?Developed and designed by Israeli company Rafael Advanced Defense System  
?Available in man-portable, vehicle-launched and helicopter-launched variants  
?Its pro?le is similar to the lofted trajectory ?ight pro?le of the US FGM-148 Javelin 
•
Agni 5 
?3-stage surface-to-surface missile which is capable of carrying 1.5 tonnes of nuclear warheads 
?India has in its armoury the Agni missile series - Agni-1 with a range of 700 km, Agni-2 with a range 
of 2,000 km, Agni-3 and Agni-4 with 2,500 km to more than 3,500 km range 
www.YouTube.com/SleepyClasses 
www.SleepyClasses.com 
! 
?Once inducted in the military, India will join an exclusive club of countries like the US, Russia, China, 
France and Britain which have intercontinental ballistic missile capabilities 
?Commanded by the onboard computer with the support of laser gyro-based inertial navigation 
system, micro inertial navigation system (MINS), fully digital control system and advanced compact 
avionics, the missile hit the designated target point accurately, meeting all mission objectives 
•Brahmos 
?Medium range ramjet supersonic cruise missile that can be used against ship and land targets  
?Range is upto 290 km 
?Fastest cruise missile in the world 
?It can be launched from submarine, ships, aircraft or land 
?It is a two-stage missile with a solid propellant booster engine as its ?rst stage which brings it to 
supersonic speed and then gets separated  
? The liquid ramjet or the second stage then takes the missile closer to 3 Mach speed in cruise 
phase  
•
Ballistic Missile Intercepter AAD/ Ashvin Advanced Defense  
?Endo-atmospheric missile, capable of intercepting incoming targets at an altitude of 15 to 25 kms  
?Single stage sold rocket propelled guided missile  
?Indigenously developed supersonic interceptor missile capable of destroying any incoming enemy 
ballistic missile at low altitude  
•
Prahar 
?Indian solid-fuel surface-to-surface supersonic short-range tactical ballistic missile developed by 
the DRDO  
?Expected to replace Prithvi-I short range ballistic missile  
?It is capable of ?lling the gap between the multi-barrel rocket system ‘Pinaka’ and medium-range 
ballistic missile ‘Prithvi’ 
•Astra 
?Indigenously developed all weather Beyond Visual Range Air-to-Air Missile (BVRAAM) developed 
by DRDO 
?It uses solid propellant  
?It is the ?rst air-to-air missile developed by India  
?It is capable of engaging targets at varying range and altitudes allowing for engagement of both 
short-range targets at a distance of 20 km and long-range targets up to a distance of 80 km 
?Currently it is integrated in frontline ?ghter jet Sukhoi 30 MKI and will be set in Mirage 2000 and 
MiG 29 in the future 
www.YouTube.com/SleepyClasses 
www.SleepyClasses.com 
! 
•Pinaka 
?Multiple-Barrel rocket launcher produced in India and developed by the DRDO for the Indian Army  
?Area weapon system to supplement the existing artillery gun at ranges beyond 30 kms, having quick 
reaction time and high rate of ?re  
•
Barak 
?Indian-Israeli long range surface-to-air missile, designed to defend against any type of airborne 
threat including aircraft, helicopters, anti-ship missiles and UAVs as well as ballistic missiles, cruise 
missiles and combat jets 
•SPICE-2000 Bombs 
?Precision guided bombs ?tted with a GPS guidance kit for accurately launching air droppable 
unguided bombs  
•
Smart Anti Air Field Weapon (SAAW) 
?Lightweight long-range high precision-guided anti-air?eld weapon 
?Capable of destroying a variety of ground targets such as runways, bunkers, aircrafts hangers, using 
precision navigation  
•Igla 
?It is a Russian/Soviet man-portable infrared homing surface-to-air missile  
•
Kinzhal Missile 
?Russian nuclear capable air-launched ballistic missile (ALBM)  
•
RS-28 Sarmat 
?Russian liquid-fueled, MIRV equipped, heavy thermonuclear intercontinental ballistic missile 
(ICBM) 
Ships 
•
Aircraft Carriers  
?Vikrant 
? Majestic-class aircraft carrier  
?
It was laid down as HMS Hercules for the British Royal Navy during WWI 
? It was commissioned as the ?rst aircraft carrier and played a key role in enforcing the naval 
blockade of East Pakistan during Bangladesh War of 1971 
?Viraat 
? Centaur-class aircraft carrier  
www.YouTube.com/SleepyClasses 
www.SleepyClasses.com 
!
Page 5


 
Agreements 
•COMCASA 
?Signed in 2018 on the sidelines of 2+2 dialogue, it stands for Communications Compatibility and 
Security Agreement and is one of the four foundational agreements that the US signs with allies and 
close partners to facilitate interoperability between militaries and sale of high end technology 
?It is an India-speci?c version of the Communication and Information on Security Memorandum of 
Agreement (CISMOA) 
?It comes into force immediately and is valid for a period of 10 years  
?It allows India to procure transfer specialised equipment for encrypted communications for US 
origin military platforms like the C-17, C-130 and P-8Is  
•
GSOMIA  
?Signed in 2002, the General Security of Military Information Agreement prescribes the security 
standards and protocols for safeguarding information shared by the Pentagon with India’s defence 
ministry; as well as by US defence ?rms with Indian defence public sector undertakings (DPSUs) 
?It, however, doesn’t cover the exchange of classi?ed information with Indian private companies  
? Washington wants it covered, given New Delhi’s emphasis on the”strategic partnership” (SP) 
model of procurement, in which Indian private ?rms will manufacture defence equipment for 
t h e m i l i t a r y, u s i n g t e c h n o l o g y t ra n s f e r r e d by g l o b a l “o r i g i n a l e q u i p m e n t 
manufacturers” (OEMs) 
?It is one of the foundational agreements that US signs with its allies 
•
LEMOA 
?Signed in 2016, it will give the militaries of both countries access to each other’s facilities for 
supplies and repairs  
?While it is an enabling agreement, LEMOA does not make logistical support automatic or obligatory 
for either party 
?It does not involve allowing military bases either 
?The services or supplies accessed will be on a reimbursable basis as per the pact 
?It is also one of the four ‘foundational agreements’ 
•
BECA 
?India is yet to sign the Basic Exchange and Cooperation Agreement for Geo-spatial Cooperation  
?It would initiate a set of protocols between the two countries for sharing intelligence associated to 
mapping and geospatial activities in real time  
?While the Information Security Agreement (ISA) stops India from sharing US technology with other 
countries, BECA would facilitate exchange of geospatial information between India and US for both 
military and civilian use 
www.YouTube.com/SleepyClasses 
www.SleepyClasses.com 
! 
?It would also set a framework through which US could share sensitive data to aid targeting and 
navigation with India  
CAATSA 
•
Countering America’s Adversaires Through Sanctions Act is a US federal law that imposed sanctions on 
Iran, North Korea and Russia by sanctioning persons engaging in business transactions with these 
counties  
•CAATSA had not speci?ed any speci?c sanctions, only that ?ve or more sanctions from a list of 12 had to 
be imposed on the person whom “the President determines, knowingly engaged in a signi?cant 
transaction” Missiles 
•Prithvi Missile  
?It is India’s ?rst indigenously developed tactical surface-to-surface short range ballistic missile 
developed by DRDO under the Integrated Guided Missile Development Program  
?Prithvi III has a range of 350 km and can carry a payload of 1000 kg 
? Its naval version is referred to as Dhanush  
?It is deployed by India’s Strategic Forces Command 
•
ATGM Nag 
?Fire-and-forget anti-tank guided missile 
?An all weather, top attack missile with a range of 3 to 7 km 
?Developed by DRDO under Integrated Guided Missile Development Program 
?A man portable anti-tank guided missile (MPATGM) was also recently tested 
? Fitted with a high-explosive anti-tank (HEAT) warhead, the MPATGM boasts a top attack 
capability and has a maximum engagement range of about 2.5 km 
?It is ?red from Nag Missile Carrier (NAMICA), an Indian licence-produced variant of the Soviet -era 
BMP-II armoured infantry ?ghting vehicle  
•Spike  
?Israeli ?re-and-forget anti-tank guided missile and anti-personnel missile with a tandem-charge 
HEAT warhead 
?Developed and designed by Israeli company Rafael Advanced Defense System  
?Available in man-portable, vehicle-launched and helicopter-launched variants  
?Its pro?le is similar to the lofted trajectory ?ight pro?le of the US FGM-148 Javelin 
•
Agni 5 
?3-stage surface-to-surface missile which is capable of carrying 1.5 tonnes of nuclear warheads 
?India has in its armoury the Agni missile series - Agni-1 with a range of 700 km, Agni-2 with a range 
of 2,000 km, Agni-3 and Agni-4 with 2,500 km to more than 3,500 km range 
www.YouTube.com/SleepyClasses 
www.SleepyClasses.com 
! 
?Once inducted in the military, India will join an exclusive club of countries like the US, Russia, China, 
France and Britain which have intercontinental ballistic missile capabilities 
?Commanded by the onboard computer with the support of laser gyro-based inertial navigation 
system, micro inertial navigation system (MINS), fully digital control system and advanced compact 
avionics, the missile hit the designated target point accurately, meeting all mission objectives 
•Brahmos 
?Medium range ramjet supersonic cruise missile that can be used against ship and land targets  
?Range is upto 290 km 
?Fastest cruise missile in the world 
?It can be launched from submarine, ships, aircraft or land 
?It is a two-stage missile with a solid propellant booster engine as its ?rst stage which brings it to 
supersonic speed and then gets separated  
? The liquid ramjet or the second stage then takes the missile closer to 3 Mach speed in cruise 
phase  
•
Ballistic Missile Intercepter AAD/ Ashvin Advanced Defense  
?Endo-atmospheric missile, capable of intercepting incoming targets at an altitude of 15 to 25 kms  
?Single stage sold rocket propelled guided missile  
?Indigenously developed supersonic interceptor missile capable of destroying any incoming enemy 
ballistic missile at low altitude  
•
Prahar 
?Indian solid-fuel surface-to-surface supersonic short-range tactical ballistic missile developed by 
the DRDO  
?Expected to replace Prithvi-I short range ballistic missile  
?It is capable of ?lling the gap between the multi-barrel rocket system ‘Pinaka’ and medium-range 
ballistic missile ‘Prithvi’ 
•Astra 
?Indigenously developed all weather Beyond Visual Range Air-to-Air Missile (BVRAAM) developed 
by DRDO 
?It uses solid propellant  
?It is the ?rst air-to-air missile developed by India  
?It is capable of engaging targets at varying range and altitudes allowing for engagement of both 
short-range targets at a distance of 20 km and long-range targets up to a distance of 80 km 
?Currently it is integrated in frontline ?ghter jet Sukhoi 30 MKI and will be set in Mirage 2000 and 
MiG 29 in the future 
www.YouTube.com/SleepyClasses 
www.SleepyClasses.com 
! 
•Pinaka 
?Multiple-Barrel rocket launcher produced in India and developed by the DRDO for the Indian Army  
?Area weapon system to supplement the existing artillery gun at ranges beyond 30 kms, having quick 
reaction time and high rate of ?re  
•
Barak 
?Indian-Israeli long range surface-to-air missile, designed to defend against any type of airborne 
threat including aircraft, helicopters, anti-ship missiles and UAVs as well as ballistic missiles, cruise 
missiles and combat jets 
•SPICE-2000 Bombs 
?Precision guided bombs ?tted with a GPS guidance kit for accurately launching air droppable 
unguided bombs  
•
Smart Anti Air Field Weapon (SAAW) 
?Lightweight long-range high precision-guided anti-air?eld weapon 
?Capable of destroying a variety of ground targets such as runways, bunkers, aircrafts hangers, using 
precision navigation  
•Igla 
?It is a Russian/Soviet man-portable infrared homing surface-to-air missile  
•
Kinzhal Missile 
?Russian nuclear capable air-launched ballistic missile (ALBM)  
•
RS-28 Sarmat 
?Russian liquid-fueled, MIRV equipped, heavy thermonuclear intercontinental ballistic missile 
(ICBM) 
Ships 
•
Aircraft Carriers  
?Vikrant 
? Majestic-class aircraft carrier  
?
It was laid down as HMS Hercules for the British Royal Navy during WWI 
? It was commissioned as the ?rst aircraft carrier and played a key role in enforcing the naval 
blockade of East Pakistan during Bangladesh War of 1971 
?Viraat 
? Centaur-class aircraft carrier  
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?
It was completed and commissioned in 1959 as Royal Navy’s HMS Hermes and 
decommissioned in 1984. It was commissioned into the Indian Navy in 1987 and was 
decommissioned in 2015 
?Vikramaditya  
? Modi?ed Kiev-class aircraft carrier which entered into service with Indian Navy in 2013 
?
She has been renamed in honour of Vikramaditya, a legendary emperor of Ujjain  
? Originally built as Baku and commissioned in 1987, the carrier served with the Soviet Navy and 
later with the Russian Navy (as Admiral Gorshkov) before being decommissioned in 1996 
?Vikrant 
? First aircraft carrier built in India and the ?rst aircraft built by Cochin Shipyard (CSL) in Kochi, 
Kerala for the Indian Navy  
? The motto of the ship is Jayema Sam Yudhi Sprdhah, which is taken from Rigveda and can be 
translated as “I defeat those who ?ght against me” 
?
Work on ship began in 1999 and is expected to be commissioned by 2020 
•
Destroyers 
?Rajput 
? Modi?ed versions of Soviet Kashin-class destroyers  
? Ships include INS Rajput, INS Rana, INS Ranjit, INS Ranvir and INS Ranvijay  
?Delhi  
? Guided missile destroyers of the Indian Navy 
?
Delhi-class vessels were the largest vessels to be built in India at the time of their 
commissioning  
? Ships of this class are INS Delhi, INS Mysore and INS Mumbai 
?Kolkata 
? Class of stealth guided missile destroyers  
?
Comprises of three ships — Kolkata, Kochi and Chennai  
? These are the largest destroyers to be operated by Indian Navy  
? The last ship was commissioned in 2016 
?Visakhapatnam (Project 15B) 
? Class of stealth guided missile destroyers currently under construction  
?
Comprises of 4 ships — Visakhapatnam, Mormugao, Paradip and Porbandar  
•
Frigates 
?Godavari (Project 16) 
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