CUET  >  Analogy - Reasoning for CLAT Preparation

# Analogy - Reasoning for CLAT Preparation | General Test Preparation for CUET

 Table of contents What is Analogy? Types of Analogy Tips & Tricks to Solve Reasoning Analogy Important Relationships
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What is Analogy?

An analogy is a word used in terms of comparing two things or finding a relation between two things.

• The word Analogy is a Noun which literally means a similar feature, condition, state etc. shared by two things that are compared. Questions on Verbal Analogy judge your ability to understand the diverse relationship between various elements, things, phenomena, acts, terms, etc., in their proper context. Such questions are aimed at testing the candidate’s overall knowledge, power of reasoning and the ability to think conclusively and logically.
Example of Analogy
• A candidate can develop and improve his ability to judge conclusively through sufficient practice and awareness.
• The questions are also a test of general knowledge of the student.

Types of Analogy

• Numerical Analogy (Odd One Out) – A set of options may be given based on a certain pattern, and one of them may be unlikely to follow the pattern and candidates need to choose the odd one out.
• Numerical Analogy (Choose a similar pair) – An analogy may be given in the question and candidates may have to find a similar analogy, based on the same pattern from the given options

Example 1: From the given options, find the pair which is similar to the given pair: 8:4
(a) 27:9
(b) 216:32
(c) 72:24
(d) 45:5
(e) 37:13

The correct answer is option (a)
Solution:
The pattern followed is “Cube of a number: square of the same number”
So, (2×2×2) : (2×2) = 8:4
Similarly, (3×3×3) : (3×3) = 27:9

• Alphabetical/Word Analogy (Odd One Out) – Options for different word analogy may be given, in which one may not be following the set pattern, candidates need to find that odd one out from the given options

Example 2: From the given options, choose the odd one out.
(a) Bangladesh: Taka
(b) Brazil: Real
(c) Cyprus: Dollar
(d) Iran: Rial
(e) Japan: Yen

The correct answer is option (c)
Solution: Cyprus: Dollar; All the other options given are correct in terms of country and their currency. The currency of Cyprus is Euro

• Alphabetical/Word Analogy (Choose a similar pair) – An analogy may be given based on a set pattern and candidates may have to find the word analogy pair from the given options, which follows the exact same pattern.
Question for Analogy - Reasoning for CLAT Preparation
Try yourself: Find the odd one out from the given options.

Tips & Tricks to Solve Reasoning Analogy
Given below are a few tips which may help you prepare for the reasoning analogy questions and also help you solve the questions faster:

• The first thing to solve an analogy question is to judge the pattern that is being followed in the given analogy.
• If a candidate is unable to analyse the pattern followed, he/she must refer to the options given. It shall simply analysing the pattern.
• For numerical questions, squares, cubes, multiplication, addition, etc. based patterns may be followed. So ensure that you recheck these pattern as well.
• It is easy to score marks in questions based on analogy as they are direct and not very complicated.
• Having knowledge of basic static GK shall also be important for these questions.

Important Relationships

1. Instrument and Measurement

• Thermometer - Temperature
• Anemometer - Wind vane
• Odometer - Speed
• Scale - Length
• Balance  - Mass
• Sphygmomanometer - Blood Pressure
• Rain Gauge - Rain
• Hygrometer - Humidity
• Ammeter - Current
• Screw Gauge - Thickness
• Seismograph - Earthquakes
• Taseometer - Strains

2. Quantity and Unit

• Mass - Kilogram
• Energy - Joule
• Volume - Litre
• Power - Watt
• Work - Joule
• Area - Hectare
• Force - Newton
• Resistance - Ohm
• Angle - Radians
• Potential - Volt
• Current - Ampere
• Temperature - Degrees

Question for Analogy - Reasoning for CLAT Preparation
Try yourself:Current is related to Ampere in the same way as Weight is related to

3. Individual and Group

• Grape - Bunch of Grapes
• Key - Bunch of Keys
• Flower - Bunch of Flowers
• Stick - Bundle of Stick
• Mountain - Chain of Mountains
• Sheep - Flock of Sheep
• Bird - Flight of Birds
• Star - Galaxy of Stars
• Tree - Grove of Trees
• Labourer - Gang of Labourers
• Deer - Herd of Deer
• Swine - Herd of Swine
• Bee - Hive of Bees
• Cattle - Herd of Cattle
• Ruin - Heap of Ruins
• Stone - Heap of Stones
• Sand - Heap of Sand
• Hound - Pack of hounds
• Shoes - Pair of Shoes
• Hill - Range of Hills
• Event - Series of Events
• Fly - Swarm of flies
• Horse - Troop of Horses
4. Animal and Young One
• Cow - Calf
• Cat - Kitten
• Butterfly - Caterpillar
• Dog - Puppy
• Lion - Cub
• Man - Child
• Wolf - Cub
• Goat - Kid
• Fox - Cub
• Horse - Pony
• Sheep - Lamb
• Insect - Larva
• Hen - Chicken
• Duck - Duckling
• Bear - Cub
• Deer - Fawn
• Frog - Tadpole
• Stag - Fawn

Example 3. ‘Chicken’ is related to ‘Hen’ in the same way as ‘Kitten’ is related to …………..
(a) Dog
(b) Cat
(c) Duck
(d) Swan

The correct answer is option (b)

Solution: “Here, animal and young one relationship has been shown. Chicken is the young one of hen. In same way, kitten is young one of cat.”

Question for Analogy - Reasoning for CLAT Preparation
Try yourself:“Pony” is related to “Horse” in the same way as “puppy” is related to

5. Word and Intensity

• Anger - Rage
• Kindle - Burn
• Quarrel - War
• Famous - Renowned
• Refuse - Deny
• Moist - Drench
• Wish - Desire
• Sink - Drown
• Error - Blunder
• Unhappy - Sad
• Crime - Sin

6. Male and Female

• Horse - Mare
• Stag - Doe
• Lion - Lioness
• Husband - Wife
• Nephew - Niece
• Bull - Cow
• Gander - Goose
• Wizard - Witch
• Cock - Hen
• Stallion - Mare
• Tiger - Tigress
• Actor - Actress
• Author - Authoress
• Prince - Princess
• Earl - Countess
• Dog - Bitch
• Boy - Girl
• Drone - Bee
• Gentleman - Lady
• Bear - She-bear
• Fox - Vixen
• Duck - Drake
• Bridegroom - Bride
• Waiter - Waitress
• Monk - Nun
• Master - Mistress
• King - Queen
• Leopard - Leopardess
• Ram - Ewe
• Fiancé - Fiancée
Question for Analogy - Reasoning for CLAT Preparation
Try yourself:“Dog” is related to “Bitch” in the same way as “Tiger” is related to

7. Individual and Class

• Lizard - Reptile
• Ostrich - Bird
• Butterfly - Insect
• Rat - Rodent
• Man - Mammal
• Snake - Reptile
• Whale - Mammal
• Fish - Pisces

8. Homes/Dwelling Places

9. Study and Topic

• Ornithology - Birds
• Botany - Plants
• Entomology - Insects
• Oology - Eggs
• Virology - Viruses
• Herpetology - Amphibians
• Pathology - Diseases
• Palaeography - Writings
• Cardiology - Heart
• Haematology - Blood
• Mycology - Fungi
• Malacology - Molluscs
• Taxonomy - Classification
• Orography - Mountains
• Eccrinology - Secretions
• Nidology - Nests
• Astronomy - Heavenly Bodies
• Seismology - Earthquakes
• Onomatology - Names
• Zoology - Animals

10. Worker and Tool

• Blacksmith - Anvil
• Woodcutter - Axe
• Labourer - Spade
• Sculptor - Chisel
• Chef - Knife
• Doctor - Stethoscope
• Surgeon - Scalpel
• Warrior - Sword
• Carpenter - Saw
• Tailor - Needle

11.Tool and Action

• Needle - sew
• Sword - Slaughter
• Filter - Purify
• Pen - Write
• Spoon - Feed
• Gun - Shoot
• Chisel - Carve
• Axe - Cut
• Loudspeaker - Amplify
Question for Analogy - Reasoning for CLAT Preparation
Try yourself: “Spade” is related to “dig” in the same way as “Axe” is related to

12. Worker and Working Place

• Chef - Kitchen
• Warrior - Battlefield
• Sailor - Ship
• Doctor - Hospital
• Servant - House
• Artist - Theater
• Actor - Stage
• Lawyer - Court
• Beautician - Parlour
• Painter - Gallery
Question for Analogy - Reasoning for CLAT Preparation
Try yourself:“Court” is related to “Lawyers” in the same way as “School” is related to

13. Worker and Product

• Mason - Wall
• Hunter - Prey
• Butcher - Meat
• Cobbler - Shoes
• Poet - Poem
• Teacher - Education
• Judge - Justice
• Farmer - Crop
• Author - Book
• Architect - Design
• Dramatist - Play
• Tailor - Clothes
• Chef - Food
• Producer - Film

Question for Analogy - Reasoning for CLAT Preparation
Try yourself:Following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

Architect : Building :: Sculptor : ?

14. Product and Raw Material

• Prism - Glass
• Wall - Brick
• Shoes - Leather
• Metal - Ore
• Jaggery - Sugarcane
• Fabric - Yarn
• Road - Asphalt
• Sack - Jute
• Paper - Pulp
• Oil - Seed
• Butter - Milk
• Furniture - Wood
• Pullover - Wool
• Rubber - Latex
• Wine - Grapes
• Cloth - Fibre
• Book - Paper
• Linen - Flax
• Jewellery - Gold
• Paper - Pulp

15. Part and Whole Relationship

• Pen - Nib
• House - Kitchen
• Class - Student
• Book - Chapter
• Computer - Mouse
• Garden - Plants
• Pencil - Lead
• Computer - Monitor
• Room - Window
• Airplane - Cockpit
• Flower - Petal
• Fruit - Seed

16. Animal and Sound

•  Assess - Bray
• Bees - Hum
• Camels - Grunt
• Cattle - Low
• Crows - Crow
• Elephant - Trumpet
• Flies - Buzz
• Hawks - Scream
• Monkeys - Chatter
• Lambs - Bleat
• Nightingale - Sing
• Bears - Growl

17. Where Persons, Things, Animals, Etc Are Kept, Grown, Exhibited, Stored

• Airplanes are kept in a hangar.
• Athletic competitions are held in a stadium.
• Athletic exercises are performed in a gymnasium.
• Astronomical observations are made in an observatory.
• Bees are kept in an apiary.
• Clothes are kept in a wardrobe.
• Dead bodies are buried in a cemetery.
• Dead bodies are cremated in a crematorium.
• Fishes are kept in an aquarium.
• Fruit trees are grown in an orchard.
• Gas is stored in a cylinder.
• Goods are stored in a depot.
• Grains are stored in a granary.
• Grapes are grown in a vineyard.
• Guns are kept in an armoury.
• Medicines are compounded in a dispensary.
• Motorcars are kept in a garage.
• Scientific experiments are conducted in a laboratory.
• Sick people are treated in a hospital.
• Young plants grow in a nursery.

18. State and Capital

Example 4: “Delhi” is related to “India” in the same way as “London” is related to?
(a) Germany
(b) England
(c) Canada
(d) France

The correct answer is option (b)
Solution: Delhi is the capital of India. Similarly, London is the capital of England.

Question for Analogy - Reasoning for CLAT Preparation
Try yourself:“Tamil Nadu” is related to “Chennai” in the same way as “Punjab” is related to?

19. Name of Countries/Capitals & Currency

Example 5: “Italy is related to “Lira” in the same way as “China” is related to
(a) Shekel
(b) Renminbi
(c) Krone
(d) Dollar

The correct answer is option (b)
Solution: "Italy” is a country and its currency was called Lira. Similarly, the currency of China is Renminbi.

20. Name of the Parliaments of Some Countries

Question for Analogy - Reasoning for CLAT Preparation
Try yourself: “India” is related to “Parliament” in the same way as “Japan” is related to

The document Analogy - Reasoning for CLAT Preparation | General Test Preparation for CUET is a part of the CUET Course General Test Preparation for CUET.
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FAQs on Analogy - Reasoning for CLAT Preparation | General Test Preparation for CUET
 1. What is the meaning of Analogy in reasoning?
Ans. Analogy is a term used in reasoning that refers to a comparison between two things or concepts. It is used to find a relationship between them and make inferences or conclusions based on that relationship.
 2. What are the types of Analogy?
Ans. There are several types of Analogies, including: 1. Completing Analogies 2. Cause and Effect Analogies 3. Object/Function Analogies 4. Part/Whole Analogies 5. Synonym and Antonym Analogies
 3. What are some tips and tricks to solve reasoning Analogies?
Ans. Some tips and tricks to solve reasoning Analogies are: 1. Look for similarities and differences between the two things being compared. 2. Use logic and reasoning to find the relationship between the two things. 3. Use common patterns and categories to identify the relationship between the two things. 4. Use keywords or phrases to help you find the correct answer. 5. Practice with different types of Analogies to improve your skills.
 4. Why is understanding important relationships in Analogies useful for CLAT preparation?
Ans. Understanding important relationships in Analogies is useful for CLAT preparation because it helps in developing critical thinking and reasoning abilities, which are essential for success in the exam. Analogies are often used in the verbal section of the exam, and the ability to identify and understand relationships between different concepts can help in solving questions quickly and accurately.
 5. What are some frequently asked questions related to Analogy in reasoning for CLAT preparation?
Ans. Some frequently asked questions related to Analogy in reasoning for CLAT preparation are: 1. What is the best way to practice Analogies for CLAT? 2. How can I improve my skills in identifying relationships in Analogies? 3. What are some common patterns and categories used in Analogies? 4. Are Analogies more commonly used in the verbal or non-verbal section of the CLAT exam? 5. What strategies can I use to quickly solve Analogies in the CLAT exam?

## General Test Preparation for CUET

185 videos|378 docs|778 tests

## General Test Preparation for CUET

185 videos|378 docs|778 tests

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