|Table of contents|
|Armed Forces in Internal Security|
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After studying this lesson, you will be able to:
- appreciate and explain the role of Indian Armed Forces in internal security;
- know about the special forces tasked to protect India's strategic assets;
- explain the role of Indian Intelligence Agencies IB and RAW in India's internal securities.
The Direct Role
The Indirect Role
Protecting India's Strategic Assets
What the specific divisions of the armed forces that are specially tasked to protect India's strategic assets? These are -
You can find many instances where the NSG has performed a brilliant role in rescuing hostages from terrorist attacks.
The `MARCOS' is also a special forces units of the Indian Navy. It is specially tasked to protect the important naval assets and bases. They also engage in conducting amphibious operations against terrorists and antipiracy operations. They are the Navy's version of NSG.
The MARCOS commandos played a vital role during the 2008 Mumbai attacks along with the NSG. MARCOS play an active role in the counter-terrorist operations in J & K.
The Garud Commando Force is the Special Forces unit of the IAF and equivalent to its counterparts in the Army and Navy, which are NSG and MARCOS respectively.
The most important task of the Garud Commando Force is to secure the critical air force bases and other ground installations.
During the 2018 Pathankot airbase attack the Garud Commando Force played a vital role in eliminating the terrorists who attacked the base.
The deadly threat of terrorism can only be prevented through an efficient intelligence mechanism that shall form an essential part of our National Security.
For a Nation like ours, which is faced by multiple varieties of terrorism from both internal and external sources, we have two specialised agencies to collect intelligence from within India and outside India which are diagrammatically represented here for you.
Intelligence Bureau (IB)
Research and Analysis Wing (RAW)
After the intelligence failures of the Sino-Indian and Indo-Pakistani wars prior to 1965, our Government felt the need of dedicated foreign intelligence agency and as a result RAW was established in1968 under the leadership of Shri Rameshwar Nath Kao. who became its first director.
We should note that within just a few years after its formation the RAW played a vital role in India's astounding success in the liberation of Bangladesh in 1971 and the accession of Sikkim in 1975. Today, RAW is considered as one of the top intelligence agencies of the world. The primary task of RAW is to gather intelligence from India's hostile neighbors, to deduce their plans against our Nation and make them unsuccessful in their intentions to harm India.