CBSE Chemistry Past year paper - 2015, Class 12 Class 12 Notes | EduRev

Chemistry Class 12

Created by: Mohit Rajpoot

Class 12 : CBSE Chemistry Past year paper - 2015, Class 12 Class 12 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


  
 
CBSE XII  | CHEMISTRY 
Board Paper – 2015 
 
     
CBSE 
Class XII Chemistry 
Board Paper – 2015 
Time: 3 hrs  Maximum Marks: 70 
 
General Instructions:                                                                                                                     
(i) All questions are compulsory. 
(ii) Questions number 1 to 5 are very short answer questions and carry 1 mark each 
(iii) Questions number 6 to 10 are short answer Questions and carry 2 marks each 
(iv) Questions number 11 to 22 are also short answer Questions and carry 3 marks each 
(v) Questions number 23 is a value based Questions and carry 4 marks. 
(vi) Questions number 24 to 26 are long answer Questions and carry 5 marks each 
(vii) Use log tables, if necessary. Use of calculators is not allowed. 
 
Q. 1      Write a method by which lyophobic colloids can be coagulated. [1] 
 
Q. 2 What is the formula of a compound in which the element Y forms hcp lattice and 
atoms of X occupy 2/3
rd
 of tetrahedral voids?  [1] 
 
Q. 3 Out of white phosphorus and red phosphorus, which one is more reactive and why? 
 [1] 
 
Q. 4      Write the IUPAC name of the given compound:  [1] 
 
 
Q. 5     Which would undergo SN1 reaction faster in the following pair and why? [1] 
 
 
Q. 6 State Henry’s law. Why do gases always tend to be less soluble in liquids as the 
temperature is raised? 
OR 
State Raoult’s law for the solution containing volatile components. Write two 
differences between an ideal solution and a non-ideal solution.  [2] 
 
 
 
 
Page 2


  
 
CBSE XII  | CHEMISTRY 
Board Paper – 2015 
 
     
CBSE 
Class XII Chemistry 
Board Paper – 2015 
Time: 3 hrs  Maximum Marks: 70 
 
General Instructions:                                                                                                                     
(i) All questions are compulsory. 
(ii) Questions number 1 to 5 are very short answer questions and carry 1 mark each 
(iii) Questions number 6 to 10 are short answer Questions and carry 2 marks each 
(iv) Questions number 11 to 22 are also short answer Questions and carry 3 marks each 
(v) Questions number 23 is a value based Questions and carry 4 marks. 
(vi) Questions number 24 to 26 are long answer Questions and carry 5 marks each 
(vii) Use log tables, if necessary. Use of calculators is not allowed. 
 
Q. 1      Write a method by which lyophobic colloids can be coagulated. [1] 
 
Q. 2 What is the formula of a compound in which the element Y forms hcp lattice and 
atoms of X occupy 2/3
rd
 of tetrahedral voids?  [1] 
 
Q. 3 Out of white phosphorus and red phosphorus, which one is more reactive and why? 
 [1] 
 
Q. 4      Write the IUPAC name of the given compound:  [1] 
 
 
Q. 5     Which would undergo SN1 reaction faster in the following pair and why? [1] 
 
 
Q. 6 State Henry’s law. Why do gases always tend to be less soluble in liquids as the 
temperature is raised? 
OR 
State Raoult’s law for the solution containing volatile components. Write two 
differences between an ideal solution and a non-ideal solution.  [2] 
 
 
 
 
  
 
CBSE XII  | CHEMISTRY 
Board Paper – 2015 
 
     
Q. 7 [2] 
(a) Following reactions occur at cathode during the electrolysis of aqueous sodium 
chloride solution: 
Na
+
(aq) + e
-
 ? Na (s) E
0 
= ? 2.71 V 
H
+
(aq) + e
-
 ? 
1
2
 H2 (g) E
0
 = 0.00 V 
On the basis of their standard reduction electrode potential (E
0
) values, which 
reaction is feasible at the cathode and why? 
(b) Why does the cell potential of mercury cell remain constant throughout its life?     
  
Q. 8 Why do the transition elements have higher enthalpies of atomisation?  
              In 3d series (Sc to Zn), which element has the lowest enthalpy of atomisation 
               and why?  [2] 
 
Q. 9   [2] 
(i) Write down the IUPAC name of the following complex: 
 [Co(NH3)5 (NO2)](NO3)2 
(ii) Write the formula for the following complex: 
 Potassium tetracyanidonickelate(II)   
 
Q. 10 Name the reagents used in the following reactions: 
(i)   
 
(ii) 
?
32
CH COOH ClCH COOH ? ? ? ? ?
 
[2] 
 
Q. 11 Calculate the amount of CaCl2 (molar mass = 111 g mol
-1
) which must be added to 
500 g of water to lower its freezing point by 2 K, assuming CaCl2 is completely 
dissociated. (Kf for water = 1.86 K kg mol
-1
)  [3] 
 
Q. 12 An element with density 10 g cm
-3
 forms a cubic unit cell with edge length of 3 × 
10
-8
 cm. What is the nature of the cubic unit cell if the atomic mass of the element is 
81 g mol
-1
?  [3] 
 
Q. 13 Calculate emf of the following cell at 25°C: 
Sn | Sn
2+
 (0.001 M) || H
+
 (0.01 M) | H2 (g) (1 bar) | Pt (s) 
?
? ? ?
2+
2
00
(Sn /Sn) (H /H )
E 0.14V     E 0.00V
 
[3] 
 
 
 
Page 3


  
 
CBSE XII  | CHEMISTRY 
Board Paper – 2015 
 
     
CBSE 
Class XII Chemistry 
Board Paper – 2015 
Time: 3 hrs  Maximum Marks: 70 
 
General Instructions:                                                                                                                     
(i) All questions are compulsory. 
(ii) Questions number 1 to 5 are very short answer questions and carry 1 mark each 
(iii) Questions number 6 to 10 are short answer Questions and carry 2 marks each 
(iv) Questions number 11 to 22 are also short answer Questions and carry 3 marks each 
(v) Questions number 23 is a value based Questions and carry 4 marks. 
(vi) Questions number 24 to 26 are long answer Questions and carry 5 marks each 
(vii) Use log tables, if necessary. Use of calculators is not allowed. 
 
Q. 1      Write a method by which lyophobic colloids can be coagulated. [1] 
 
Q. 2 What is the formula of a compound in which the element Y forms hcp lattice and 
atoms of X occupy 2/3
rd
 of tetrahedral voids?  [1] 
 
Q. 3 Out of white phosphorus and red phosphorus, which one is more reactive and why? 
 [1] 
 
Q. 4      Write the IUPAC name of the given compound:  [1] 
 
 
Q. 5     Which would undergo SN1 reaction faster in the following pair and why? [1] 
 
 
Q. 6 State Henry’s law. Why do gases always tend to be less soluble in liquids as the 
temperature is raised? 
OR 
State Raoult’s law for the solution containing volatile components. Write two 
differences between an ideal solution and a non-ideal solution.  [2] 
 
 
 
 
  
 
CBSE XII  | CHEMISTRY 
Board Paper – 2015 
 
     
Q. 7 [2] 
(a) Following reactions occur at cathode during the electrolysis of aqueous sodium 
chloride solution: 
Na
+
(aq) + e
-
 ? Na (s) E
0 
= ? 2.71 V 
H
+
(aq) + e
-
 ? 
1
2
 H2 (g) E
0
 = 0.00 V 
On the basis of their standard reduction electrode potential (E
0
) values, which 
reaction is feasible at the cathode and why? 
(b) Why does the cell potential of mercury cell remain constant throughout its life?     
  
Q. 8 Why do the transition elements have higher enthalpies of atomisation?  
              In 3d series (Sc to Zn), which element has the lowest enthalpy of atomisation 
               and why?  [2] 
 
Q. 9   [2] 
(i) Write down the IUPAC name of the following complex: 
 [Co(NH3)5 (NO2)](NO3)2 
(ii) Write the formula for the following complex: 
 Potassium tetracyanidonickelate(II)   
 
Q. 10 Name the reagents used in the following reactions: 
(i)   
 
(ii) 
?
32
CH COOH ClCH COOH ? ? ? ? ?
 
[2] 
 
Q. 11 Calculate the amount of CaCl2 (molar mass = 111 g mol
-1
) which must be added to 
500 g of water to lower its freezing point by 2 K, assuming CaCl2 is completely 
dissociated. (Kf for water = 1.86 K kg mol
-1
)  [3] 
 
Q. 12 An element with density 10 g cm
-3
 forms a cubic unit cell with edge length of 3 × 
10
-8
 cm. What is the nature of the cubic unit cell if the atomic mass of the element is 
81 g mol
-1
?  [3] 
 
Q. 13 Calculate emf of the following cell at 25°C: 
Sn | Sn
2+
 (0.001 M) || H
+
 (0.01 M) | H2 (g) (1 bar) | Pt (s) 
?
? ? ?
2+
2
00
(Sn /Sn) (H /H )
E 0.14V     E 0.00V
 
[3] 
 
 
 
  
 
CBSE XII  | CHEMISTRY 
Board Paper – 2015 
 
     
Q. 14 Give reasons for the following observations: 
(i) Physisorption decreases with increase in temperature. 
(ii) Addition of alum purifies the water. 
(iii) Brownian movement provides stability to the colloidal solution. [3] 
 
Q. 15  
(i) Name the method used for the refining of zirconium. 
(ii) What is the role of CO in the extraction of Iron? 
(iii) Reduction of metal oxide to metal becomes easier if the metal obtained is in 
liquid state. Why?  [3] 
Q. 16 
(a) How would you account for the following:                  [3] 
(i) The chemistry of actinoids is more complicated as compared to 
lanthanoids. 
(ii) Transition metals form complex compounds. 
(b) Complete the following equation: 
       
+2
43
2 MnO 6H + SO
??
?? 
Q. 17 
(i) Draw the geometrical isomers of complex [Co(en)2Cl2]
+
. 
(ii) On the basis of crystal field theory, write the electronic configuration for d
4
 ion if 
?0 > P. 
(iii) [NiCl4]
2-
 is paramagnetic, while [Ni(CO)4] is diamagnetic, though both are 
tetrahedral. Why? (Atomic number of Ni = 28)  [3] 
 
Q. 18 How do you convert the following: 
(i) Prop-1-ene to 1-fluoropropane 
(ii) Chlorobenzene to 2-chlorotoluene 
(iii) Ethanol to propanenitrile 
OR 
Write the main products when 
(i) n-butyl chloride is treated with alcoholic KOH. 
(ii) 2, 4, 6-trinitrochlorobenzene is subjected to hydrolysis. 
(iii) methyl chloride is treated with AgCN.  [3] 
 
Q. 19 Give reasons for the following: 
(i) o-nitrophenol is more acidic than o-methoxyphenol. 
(ii) Butan-1-ol has a higher boiling point than diethyl ether. 
(iii) (CH3)3C–O–CH3 on reaction with HI gives (CH3)3C–I and CH3–OH as the main 
products and not (CH3)3C–OH and CH3–I.  [3] 
  
Page 4


  
 
CBSE XII  | CHEMISTRY 
Board Paper – 2015 
 
     
CBSE 
Class XII Chemistry 
Board Paper – 2015 
Time: 3 hrs  Maximum Marks: 70 
 
General Instructions:                                                                                                                     
(i) All questions are compulsory. 
(ii) Questions number 1 to 5 are very short answer questions and carry 1 mark each 
(iii) Questions number 6 to 10 are short answer Questions and carry 2 marks each 
(iv) Questions number 11 to 22 are also short answer Questions and carry 3 marks each 
(v) Questions number 23 is a value based Questions and carry 4 marks. 
(vi) Questions number 24 to 26 are long answer Questions and carry 5 marks each 
(vii) Use log tables, if necessary. Use of calculators is not allowed. 
 
Q. 1      Write a method by which lyophobic colloids can be coagulated. [1] 
 
Q. 2 What is the formula of a compound in which the element Y forms hcp lattice and 
atoms of X occupy 2/3
rd
 of tetrahedral voids?  [1] 
 
Q. 3 Out of white phosphorus and red phosphorus, which one is more reactive and why? 
 [1] 
 
Q. 4      Write the IUPAC name of the given compound:  [1] 
 
 
Q. 5     Which would undergo SN1 reaction faster in the following pair and why? [1] 
 
 
Q. 6 State Henry’s law. Why do gases always tend to be less soluble in liquids as the 
temperature is raised? 
OR 
State Raoult’s law for the solution containing volatile components. Write two 
differences between an ideal solution and a non-ideal solution.  [2] 
 
 
 
 
  
 
CBSE XII  | CHEMISTRY 
Board Paper – 2015 
 
     
Q. 7 [2] 
(a) Following reactions occur at cathode during the electrolysis of aqueous sodium 
chloride solution: 
Na
+
(aq) + e
-
 ? Na (s) E
0 
= ? 2.71 V 
H
+
(aq) + e
-
 ? 
1
2
 H2 (g) E
0
 = 0.00 V 
On the basis of their standard reduction electrode potential (E
0
) values, which 
reaction is feasible at the cathode and why? 
(b) Why does the cell potential of mercury cell remain constant throughout its life?     
  
Q. 8 Why do the transition elements have higher enthalpies of atomisation?  
              In 3d series (Sc to Zn), which element has the lowest enthalpy of atomisation 
               and why?  [2] 
 
Q. 9   [2] 
(i) Write down the IUPAC name of the following complex: 
 [Co(NH3)5 (NO2)](NO3)2 
(ii) Write the formula for the following complex: 
 Potassium tetracyanidonickelate(II)   
 
Q. 10 Name the reagents used in the following reactions: 
(i)   
 
(ii) 
?
32
CH COOH ClCH COOH ? ? ? ? ?
 
[2] 
 
Q. 11 Calculate the amount of CaCl2 (molar mass = 111 g mol
-1
) which must be added to 
500 g of water to lower its freezing point by 2 K, assuming CaCl2 is completely 
dissociated. (Kf for water = 1.86 K kg mol
-1
)  [3] 
 
Q. 12 An element with density 10 g cm
-3
 forms a cubic unit cell with edge length of 3 × 
10
-8
 cm. What is the nature of the cubic unit cell if the atomic mass of the element is 
81 g mol
-1
?  [3] 
 
Q. 13 Calculate emf of the following cell at 25°C: 
Sn | Sn
2+
 (0.001 M) || H
+
 (0.01 M) | H2 (g) (1 bar) | Pt (s) 
?
? ? ?
2+
2
00
(Sn /Sn) (H /H )
E 0.14V     E 0.00V
 
[3] 
 
 
 
  
 
CBSE XII  | CHEMISTRY 
Board Paper – 2015 
 
     
Q. 14 Give reasons for the following observations: 
(i) Physisorption decreases with increase in temperature. 
(ii) Addition of alum purifies the water. 
(iii) Brownian movement provides stability to the colloidal solution. [3] 
 
Q. 15  
(i) Name the method used for the refining of zirconium. 
(ii) What is the role of CO in the extraction of Iron? 
(iii) Reduction of metal oxide to metal becomes easier if the metal obtained is in 
liquid state. Why?  [3] 
Q. 16 
(a) How would you account for the following:                  [3] 
(i) The chemistry of actinoids is more complicated as compared to 
lanthanoids. 
(ii) Transition metals form complex compounds. 
(b) Complete the following equation: 
       
+2
43
2 MnO 6H + SO
??
?? 
Q. 17 
(i) Draw the geometrical isomers of complex [Co(en)2Cl2]
+
. 
(ii) On the basis of crystal field theory, write the electronic configuration for d
4
 ion if 
?0 > P. 
(iii) [NiCl4]
2-
 is paramagnetic, while [Ni(CO)4] is diamagnetic, though both are 
tetrahedral. Why? (Atomic number of Ni = 28)  [3] 
 
Q. 18 How do you convert the following: 
(i) Prop-1-ene to 1-fluoropropane 
(ii) Chlorobenzene to 2-chlorotoluene 
(iii) Ethanol to propanenitrile 
OR 
Write the main products when 
(i) n-butyl chloride is treated with alcoholic KOH. 
(ii) 2, 4, 6-trinitrochlorobenzene is subjected to hydrolysis. 
(iii) methyl chloride is treated with AgCN.  [3] 
 
Q. 19 Give reasons for the following: 
(i) o-nitrophenol is more acidic than o-methoxyphenol. 
(ii) Butan-1-ol has a higher boiling point than diethyl ether. 
(iii) (CH3)3C–O–CH3 on reaction with HI gives (CH3)3C–I and CH3–OH as the main 
products and not (CH3)3C–OH and CH3–I.  [3] 
  
  
 
CBSE XII  | CHEMISTRY 
Board Paper – 2015 
 
     
Q. 20 Predict the products of the following reactions: 
(i)   
  
(ii) 
6 5 2 3
(a) KMnO /KOH
4
+
(b) H
C H CH CH ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 
(iii) 
?
? ? ? ?
3
NH /
3
CH COOH [3] 
 
Q. 21   Write the names and structures of the monomers of the following polymers: [3] 
(i) Nylon-6 
(ii) Novolac 
(iii) Buna-N  
 
Q. 22 
(i) Which one of the following is a polysaccharide: 
 Starch, Maltose, Fructose, Glucose 
(ii) What is the difference between native protein and denatured protein? 
(iii) Write the name of the vitamin responsible for the coagulation of blood. [3] 
 
Q. 23 Seeing the growing cases of diabetes and depression among young children, Mr 
Lugani, the principal of one reputed school, organised a seminar in which he invites 
parents and principals. They all resolved this issue by strictly banning junk food in 
schools and introducing healthy snacks and drinks like soup, lassi, milk etc. in school 
canteens. They also decided to make compulsory half an hour of daily physical 
activities for the students in the health survey in most of the school and discovered a 
tremendous improvement in the health of the students. 
After reading the above passage, answer the following questions: [4] 
(i) What are the values (at least two) displayed by Mr Lugani? 
(ii) As a student, how can you spread awareness about this issue? 
(iii) What are antidepressant drugs? Give an example. 
(iv) Name the sweetening agent used in the preparation of sweets for a diabetic 
patient. 
Q. 24 
(a) Illustrate the following reaction giving suitable example in each case: 
(i) Hoffmann bromamide degradation reaction 
(ii) Diazotisation 
(iii) Gabriel phthalimide synthesis 
(b) Distinguish between the following pairs of compounds: 
(i) Aniline and N-methylaniline 
(ii) (CH3)2NH and (CH3)3N 
 
OR 
Page 5


  
 
CBSE XII  | CHEMISTRY 
Board Paper – 2015 
 
     
CBSE 
Class XII Chemistry 
Board Paper – 2015 
Time: 3 hrs  Maximum Marks: 70 
 
General Instructions:                                                                                                                     
(i) All questions are compulsory. 
(ii) Questions number 1 to 5 are very short answer questions and carry 1 mark each 
(iii) Questions number 6 to 10 are short answer Questions and carry 2 marks each 
(iv) Questions number 11 to 22 are also short answer Questions and carry 3 marks each 
(v) Questions number 23 is a value based Questions and carry 4 marks. 
(vi) Questions number 24 to 26 are long answer Questions and carry 5 marks each 
(vii) Use log tables, if necessary. Use of calculators is not allowed. 
 
Q. 1      Write a method by which lyophobic colloids can be coagulated. [1] 
 
Q. 2 What is the formula of a compound in which the element Y forms hcp lattice and 
atoms of X occupy 2/3
rd
 of tetrahedral voids?  [1] 
 
Q. 3 Out of white phosphorus and red phosphorus, which one is more reactive and why? 
 [1] 
 
Q. 4      Write the IUPAC name of the given compound:  [1] 
 
 
Q. 5     Which would undergo SN1 reaction faster in the following pair and why? [1] 
 
 
Q. 6 State Henry’s law. Why do gases always tend to be less soluble in liquids as the 
temperature is raised? 
OR 
State Raoult’s law for the solution containing volatile components. Write two 
differences between an ideal solution and a non-ideal solution.  [2] 
 
 
 
 
  
 
CBSE XII  | CHEMISTRY 
Board Paper – 2015 
 
     
Q. 7 [2] 
(a) Following reactions occur at cathode during the electrolysis of aqueous sodium 
chloride solution: 
Na
+
(aq) + e
-
 ? Na (s) E
0 
= ? 2.71 V 
H
+
(aq) + e
-
 ? 
1
2
 H2 (g) E
0
 = 0.00 V 
On the basis of their standard reduction electrode potential (E
0
) values, which 
reaction is feasible at the cathode and why? 
(b) Why does the cell potential of mercury cell remain constant throughout its life?     
  
Q. 8 Why do the transition elements have higher enthalpies of atomisation?  
              In 3d series (Sc to Zn), which element has the lowest enthalpy of atomisation 
               and why?  [2] 
 
Q. 9   [2] 
(i) Write down the IUPAC name of the following complex: 
 [Co(NH3)5 (NO2)](NO3)2 
(ii) Write the formula for the following complex: 
 Potassium tetracyanidonickelate(II)   
 
Q. 10 Name the reagents used in the following reactions: 
(i)   
 
(ii) 
?
32
CH COOH ClCH COOH ? ? ? ? ?
 
[2] 
 
Q. 11 Calculate the amount of CaCl2 (molar mass = 111 g mol
-1
) which must be added to 
500 g of water to lower its freezing point by 2 K, assuming CaCl2 is completely 
dissociated. (Kf for water = 1.86 K kg mol
-1
)  [3] 
 
Q. 12 An element with density 10 g cm
-3
 forms a cubic unit cell with edge length of 3 × 
10
-8
 cm. What is the nature of the cubic unit cell if the atomic mass of the element is 
81 g mol
-1
?  [3] 
 
Q. 13 Calculate emf of the following cell at 25°C: 
Sn | Sn
2+
 (0.001 M) || H
+
 (0.01 M) | H2 (g) (1 bar) | Pt (s) 
?
? ? ?
2+
2
00
(Sn /Sn) (H /H )
E 0.14V     E 0.00V
 
[3] 
 
 
 
  
 
CBSE XII  | CHEMISTRY 
Board Paper – 2015 
 
     
Q. 14 Give reasons for the following observations: 
(i) Physisorption decreases with increase in temperature. 
(ii) Addition of alum purifies the water. 
(iii) Brownian movement provides stability to the colloidal solution. [3] 
 
Q. 15  
(i) Name the method used for the refining of zirconium. 
(ii) What is the role of CO in the extraction of Iron? 
(iii) Reduction of metal oxide to metal becomes easier if the metal obtained is in 
liquid state. Why?  [3] 
Q. 16 
(a) How would you account for the following:                  [3] 
(i) The chemistry of actinoids is more complicated as compared to 
lanthanoids. 
(ii) Transition metals form complex compounds. 
(b) Complete the following equation: 
       
+2
43
2 MnO 6H + SO
??
?? 
Q. 17 
(i) Draw the geometrical isomers of complex [Co(en)2Cl2]
+
. 
(ii) On the basis of crystal field theory, write the electronic configuration for d
4
 ion if 
?0 > P. 
(iii) [NiCl4]
2-
 is paramagnetic, while [Ni(CO)4] is diamagnetic, though both are 
tetrahedral. Why? (Atomic number of Ni = 28)  [3] 
 
Q. 18 How do you convert the following: 
(i) Prop-1-ene to 1-fluoropropane 
(ii) Chlorobenzene to 2-chlorotoluene 
(iii) Ethanol to propanenitrile 
OR 
Write the main products when 
(i) n-butyl chloride is treated with alcoholic KOH. 
(ii) 2, 4, 6-trinitrochlorobenzene is subjected to hydrolysis. 
(iii) methyl chloride is treated with AgCN.  [3] 
 
Q. 19 Give reasons for the following: 
(i) o-nitrophenol is more acidic than o-methoxyphenol. 
(ii) Butan-1-ol has a higher boiling point than diethyl ether. 
(iii) (CH3)3C–O–CH3 on reaction with HI gives (CH3)3C–I and CH3–OH as the main 
products and not (CH3)3C–OH and CH3–I.  [3] 
  
  
 
CBSE XII  | CHEMISTRY 
Board Paper – 2015 
 
     
Q. 20 Predict the products of the following reactions: 
(i)   
  
(ii) 
6 5 2 3
(a) KMnO /KOH
4
+
(b) H
C H CH CH ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 
(iii) 
?
? ? ? ?
3
NH /
3
CH COOH [3] 
 
Q. 21   Write the names and structures of the monomers of the following polymers: [3] 
(i) Nylon-6 
(ii) Novolac 
(iii) Buna-N  
 
Q. 22 
(i) Which one of the following is a polysaccharide: 
 Starch, Maltose, Fructose, Glucose 
(ii) What is the difference between native protein and denatured protein? 
(iii) Write the name of the vitamin responsible for the coagulation of blood. [3] 
 
Q. 23 Seeing the growing cases of diabetes and depression among young children, Mr 
Lugani, the principal of one reputed school, organised a seminar in which he invites 
parents and principals. They all resolved this issue by strictly banning junk food in 
schools and introducing healthy snacks and drinks like soup, lassi, milk etc. in school 
canteens. They also decided to make compulsory half an hour of daily physical 
activities for the students in the health survey in most of the school and discovered a 
tremendous improvement in the health of the students. 
After reading the above passage, answer the following questions: [4] 
(i) What are the values (at least two) displayed by Mr Lugani? 
(ii) As a student, how can you spread awareness about this issue? 
(iii) What are antidepressant drugs? Give an example. 
(iv) Name the sweetening agent used in the preparation of sweets for a diabetic 
patient. 
Q. 24 
(a) Illustrate the following reaction giving suitable example in each case: 
(i) Hoffmann bromamide degradation reaction 
(ii) Diazotisation 
(iii) Gabriel phthalimide synthesis 
(b) Distinguish between the following pairs of compounds: 
(i) Aniline and N-methylaniline 
(ii) (CH3)2NH and (CH3)3N 
 
OR 
  
 
CBSE XII  | CHEMISTRY 
Board Paper – 2015 
 
     
(a) Write the structures of main products when benzene diazonium chloride
? ?
6 5 2
C H N Cl
??
reacts with the following reagents:  [5] 
(i) CuCN/KCN 
(ii) H2O 
(iii) CH3CH2OH 
(b) Arrange the following: 
(i) C2H5NH2, C2H5OH, (CH3)3N – in the increasing order of their boiling point 
(ii) Aniline, p-nitroaniline, p-methylaniline  - in the increasing order of their 
basic strength 
Q. 25 
(a) What is rate of reaction? Write two factors that affect the rate of reaction. 
(b) The rate constant of a first order reaction increases from 4 × 10
-2
 to 8 × 10
-2
 
when the temperature changes from 27°C to 37°C. Calculate the energy of 
activation (Ea). 
(log 2 = 0.301, log 3 = 0.4771, log 4 = 0.6021)  [5] 
OR 
(a) For a reaction A + B ? P, the rate is given by 
       Rate = k [A] [B]
2 
(i) How is the rate of reaction affected if the concentration of B is doubled? 
(ii) What is the overall order of reaction if A is present in large excess? 
(b) A first order reaction takes 23.1 minutes for 50% completion. Calculate the time 
required for 75% completion of this reaction. 
(log 2 = 0.301, log 3 = 0.4771, log 4 = 0.6021) 
Q. 26 
(a) Account for the following: 
(i) Interhalogens are more reactive than pure halogens. 
(ii) N2 is less reactive at room temperature. 
(iii) Reducing character increases from NH3 to BiH3. 
(b) Draw the structures of the following: 
(i) H4P2O7 (Pyrophosphoric acid) 
(ii) XeF4  [5] 
OR 
(a) Which poisonous gas is evolved when white phosphorus is heated with conc. 
NaOH solution? Write the chemical equation involved. 
(b) Which noble gas has the lowest boiling point? 
(c) Fluorine is a stronger oxidising agent than chlorine. Why? 
(d) What happens when H3PO3 is heated? 
(e) Complete the equation: 
PbS + O3 ? 
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