CBSE Sample Question Paper English Language & Literature (2018-19) Class 10 Notes | EduRev

Sample Papers For Class 10

Created by: Vinay Thomas

Class 10 : CBSE Sample Question Paper English Language & Literature (2018-19) Class 10 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


1 
 
 
  
 
 
 
 
Class X 
English Language and Literature (184) 
Sample Question Paper 2018-19  
 
Time allowed: 3 Hours                 Max. Marks: 80 
 
General Instructions: 
 
I. The question paper is divided into three sections : 
 
SECTION A : Reading  20 MARKS 
SECTION B : Writing and Grammar 30 MARKS 
SECTION C : Literature 30 MARKS 
II. All questions are compulsory. 
III. You may attempt any section at a time. 
IV. All questions of that particular section must be attempted in the correct order. 
 
 
SECTION-A 
 (READING) 
 
20 
 
1. 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Read the passage given below - 
 
1. Necessity is indeed the mother of invention. When areas in and around Leh began to experience 
water shortages, life didn?t grind to a halt. Why? Because Chewang Norphel, a retired civil 
engineer in the Jammu and Kashmir government came up with the idea of artificial glaciers. 
 
2. Ladakh, a cold desert at an altitude of 3,000-3,500 metres above sea level, has a low average 
annual rainfall rate of 50mm. Glaciers have always been the only source of water. Agriculture 
is completely dependent on glacier melt unlike the rest of river/monsoon-fed India. But over the 
years with increasing effects of climate change, rainfall and snowfall patterns have been 
changing, resulting in severe shortage and drought situations. Given the severe winter 
conditions, the window for farming is usually limited to one harvest season 
 
3. It is located between the natural glacier above and the village below. The one closer to the 
village and lowest in altitude melts first, providing water during April/May, the crucial sowing 
season. Further layers of ice above melt with increasing temperature thus ensuring continuous 
supply to the fields. Thus, farmers have been able to manage two crops instead of one. It costs 
about Rs.1,50,000 and above to create one. 
 
4. Fondly called the “glacier man”, Mr. Norphel has designed over 15 artificial glaciers in and 
around Leh since 1987. In recognition of his pioneering effort, he was conferred the Padma Shri 
by President Pranab Mukherjee, in 2015. 
 
5.  There are few basic steps followed in creating the artificial glacier. 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Page 2


1 
 
 
  
 
 
 
 
Class X 
English Language and Literature (184) 
Sample Question Paper 2018-19  
 
Time allowed: 3 Hours                 Max. Marks: 80 
 
General Instructions: 
 
I. The question paper is divided into three sections : 
 
SECTION A : Reading  20 MARKS 
SECTION B : Writing and Grammar 30 MARKS 
SECTION C : Literature 30 MARKS 
II. All questions are compulsory. 
III. You may attempt any section at a time. 
IV. All questions of that particular section must be attempted in the correct order. 
 
 
SECTION-A 
 (READING) 
 
20 
 
1. 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Read the passage given below - 
 
1. Necessity is indeed the mother of invention. When areas in and around Leh began to experience 
water shortages, life didn?t grind to a halt. Why? Because Chewang Norphel, a retired civil 
engineer in the Jammu and Kashmir government came up with the idea of artificial glaciers. 
 
2. Ladakh, a cold desert at an altitude of 3,000-3,500 metres above sea level, has a low average 
annual rainfall rate of 50mm. Glaciers have always been the only source of water. Agriculture 
is completely dependent on glacier melt unlike the rest of river/monsoon-fed India. But over the 
years with increasing effects of climate change, rainfall and snowfall patterns have been 
changing, resulting in severe shortage and drought situations. Given the severe winter 
conditions, the window for farming is usually limited to one harvest season 
 
3. It is located between the natural glacier above and the village below. The one closer to the 
village and lowest in altitude melts first, providing water during April/May, the crucial sowing 
season. Further layers of ice above melt with increasing temperature thus ensuring continuous 
supply to the fields. Thus, farmers have been able to manage two crops instead of one. It costs 
about Rs.1,50,000 and above to create one. 
 
4. Fondly called the “glacier man”, Mr. Norphel has designed over 15 artificial glaciers in and 
around Leh since 1987. In recognition of his pioneering effort, he was conferred the Padma Shri 
by President Pranab Mukherjee, in 2015. 
 
5.  There are few basic steps followed in creating the artificial glacier. 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1.1 
 
 
 
 
6. River or stream water at higher altitude is diverted to a shaded area of the hill, facing north, 
where the winter sun is blocked by a ridge or a mountain range. At the start of 
winter/November, the diverted water is made to flow onto sloping hill face through distribution 
channels. Stone embankments are built at regular intervals which impede the flow of water, 
making shallow pools and freeze, forming a cascade of ice along the slope. Ice formation 
continues for 3-4 months resulting in a large accumulation of ice which is referred to as an 
“artificial glacier”.                                                                                      (349 words) 
 
Adapted from: http://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/a-himalayan-solution/article7927749.ece) 
 
Attempt any eight of the following questions on the basis of the passage you have read.  
                                                                      
i. Who was Chewang Norphel? 
ii. What kind of land form is Ladakh? 
iii. Why have Glaciers been the only source of water for Ladakh? 
iv. Why has the pattern of snowfall and rainfall changed? 
v. How are Glaciers significant for irrigation? 
vi. How do farmers manage to grow two crops instead of one? 
vii. In which year did President Pranab Mukherjee confer Padmashri to Mr. Norphel? 
viii. How many months does the ice formation continue for? 
ix. Find the word in the paragraph 6 which means the same as „gathering?? 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1x8=8 
 
2. Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow: 
1. Have you ever failed at something so miserably that the thought of attempting to do it again 
was the last thing you wanted to do? 
2. If your answer is yes, then you are “not a robot.” Unlike robots, we human beings have 
feelings, emotions, and dreams. We are all meant to grow and stretch despite our 
circumstances and our limitations. Flourishing and trying to make our dreams come true is 
great when life is going our way. But what happens when it?s not? What happens when you 
fail despite all of your hard work? Do you stay down and accept the defeat or do you get up 
again and again until you are satisfied? If you have a tendency to persevere and keep going 
then you have what experts call, grit. 
 
3. Falling down or failing is one of the most agonizing, embarrassing, and scariest human 
experiences. But it is also one of the most educational, empowering, and essential parts of 
living a successful and fulfilling life. Did you know that perseverance (grit) is one of the seven 
qualities that have been described as the keys to personal success and betterment in society? 
The other six are: curiosity, gratitude, optimism, self-control, social intelligence, and zest. 
Thomas Edison is a model for grit for trying 1,000 plus times to invent the light bulb. If you 
are reading this with the lights on in your room, you know well he succeeded. When asked 
why he kept going despite his hundreds of failures, he merely stated that what he had been not 
failures. They were hundreds of ways not to create a light bulb. This statement not only 
revealed his grit but also his optimism for looking at the bright side 
 
 
Page 3


1 
 
 
  
 
 
 
 
Class X 
English Language and Literature (184) 
Sample Question Paper 2018-19  
 
Time allowed: 3 Hours                 Max. Marks: 80 
 
General Instructions: 
 
I. The question paper is divided into three sections : 
 
SECTION A : Reading  20 MARKS 
SECTION B : Writing and Grammar 30 MARKS 
SECTION C : Literature 30 MARKS 
II. All questions are compulsory. 
III. You may attempt any section at a time. 
IV. All questions of that particular section must be attempted in the correct order. 
 
 
SECTION-A 
 (READING) 
 
20 
 
1. 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Read the passage given below - 
 
1. Necessity is indeed the mother of invention. When areas in and around Leh began to experience 
water shortages, life didn?t grind to a halt. Why? Because Chewang Norphel, a retired civil 
engineer in the Jammu and Kashmir government came up with the idea of artificial glaciers. 
 
2. Ladakh, a cold desert at an altitude of 3,000-3,500 metres above sea level, has a low average 
annual rainfall rate of 50mm. Glaciers have always been the only source of water. Agriculture 
is completely dependent on glacier melt unlike the rest of river/monsoon-fed India. But over the 
years with increasing effects of climate change, rainfall and snowfall patterns have been 
changing, resulting in severe shortage and drought situations. Given the severe winter 
conditions, the window for farming is usually limited to one harvest season 
 
3. It is located between the natural glacier above and the village below. The one closer to the 
village and lowest in altitude melts first, providing water during April/May, the crucial sowing 
season. Further layers of ice above melt with increasing temperature thus ensuring continuous 
supply to the fields. Thus, farmers have been able to manage two crops instead of one. It costs 
about Rs.1,50,000 and above to create one. 
 
4. Fondly called the “glacier man”, Mr. Norphel has designed over 15 artificial glaciers in and 
around Leh since 1987. In recognition of his pioneering effort, he was conferred the Padma Shri 
by President Pranab Mukherjee, in 2015. 
 
5.  There are few basic steps followed in creating the artificial glacier. 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1.1 
 
 
 
 
6. River or stream water at higher altitude is diverted to a shaded area of the hill, facing north, 
where the winter sun is blocked by a ridge or a mountain range. At the start of 
winter/November, the diverted water is made to flow onto sloping hill face through distribution 
channels. Stone embankments are built at regular intervals which impede the flow of water, 
making shallow pools and freeze, forming a cascade of ice along the slope. Ice formation 
continues for 3-4 months resulting in a large accumulation of ice which is referred to as an 
“artificial glacier”.                                                                                      (349 words) 
 
Adapted from: http://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/a-himalayan-solution/article7927749.ece) 
 
Attempt any eight of the following questions on the basis of the passage you have read.  
                                                                      
i. Who was Chewang Norphel? 
ii. What kind of land form is Ladakh? 
iii. Why have Glaciers been the only source of water for Ladakh? 
iv. Why has the pattern of snowfall and rainfall changed? 
v. How are Glaciers significant for irrigation? 
vi. How do farmers manage to grow two crops instead of one? 
vii. In which year did President Pranab Mukherjee confer Padmashri to Mr. Norphel? 
viii. How many months does the ice formation continue for? 
ix. Find the word in the paragraph 6 which means the same as „gathering?? 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1x8=8 
 
2. Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow: 
1. Have you ever failed at something so miserably that the thought of attempting to do it again 
was the last thing you wanted to do? 
2. If your answer is yes, then you are “not a robot.” Unlike robots, we human beings have 
feelings, emotions, and dreams. We are all meant to grow and stretch despite our 
circumstances and our limitations. Flourishing and trying to make our dreams come true is 
great when life is going our way. But what happens when it?s not? What happens when you 
fail despite all of your hard work? Do you stay down and accept the defeat or do you get up 
again and again until you are satisfied? If you have a tendency to persevere and keep going 
then you have what experts call, grit. 
 
3. Falling down or failing is one of the most agonizing, embarrassing, and scariest human 
experiences. But it is also one of the most educational, empowering, and essential parts of 
living a successful and fulfilling life. Did you know that perseverance (grit) is one of the seven 
qualities that have been described as the keys to personal success and betterment in society? 
The other six are: curiosity, gratitude, optimism, self-control, social intelligence, and zest. 
Thomas Edison is a model for grit for trying 1,000 plus times to invent the light bulb. If you 
are reading this with the lights on in your room, you know well he succeeded. When asked 
why he kept going despite his hundreds of failures, he merely stated that what he had been not 
failures. They were hundreds of ways not to create a light bulb. This statement not only 
revealed his grit but also his optimism for looking at the bright side 
 
 
3 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4. Grit can be learned to help you become more successful. One of the techniques that help is 
mindfulness. Mindfulness is a practice that helps the individual stay in the moment by 
bringing awareness of his or her experience without judgment. This practice has been used to 
quiet the noise of their fears and doubts. Through this simple practice of mindfulness, 
individuals have the ability to stop the self-sabotaging downward spiral of hopelessness, 
despair, and frustration. 
5.  What did you do to overcome the negative and self-sabotaging feelings of failure? Reflect on 
what you did, and try to use those same powerful resources to help you today. (396 words) 
[Adapted from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/debbie-lyn-toomey/grit_b_12768724.html 
 
 
2.1 On the basis of your reading of the passage, answer any four of the following questions in 
about 30-40 words each.                                                                                                  
i. According to the passage, what are the attributes of a human? 
ii. What is perceived as grit? 
iii. How is „failing? an educational and empowering part of human life? 
iv. In what ways can grit be developed? 
v. How does mindfulness help? 
 
2X4=8 
2.2 On the basis of your reading of the passage, answer any four of the following:                    
 
i. While inventing the light bulb, Thomas Edison had failed   
 
a. 1000 times b. 10000 plus times   c. 1000 plus times d. 10000 times 
 
ii. Failure is a part of  life. 
 
a. normal b. common c. human d. ordinary 
 
iii. In paragraph 2,  means continue. 
 
a. robots b. satisfied c. persevere d. flourishing 
 
iv. In paragraph 3, the synonym of distressing is _  . 
 
a. embarrassing b. scariest c. agonizing d.  failing 
 
v.   helps in preventing individuals from going down the lines of despair. 
 
a. success b. fear c. doubt d. mindfulness 
 
 
 
 
1X4=4 
Page 4


1 
 
 
  
 
 
 
 
Class X 
English Language and Literature (184) 
Sample Question Paper 2018-19  
 
Time allowed: 3 Hours                 Max. Marks: 80 
 
General Instructions: 
 
I. The question paper is divided into three sections : 
 
SECTION A : Reading  20 MARKS 
SECTION B : Writing and Grammar 30 MARKS 
SECTION C : Literature 30 MARKS 
II. All questions are compulsory. 
III. You may attempt any section at a time. 
IV. All questions of that particular section must be attempted in the correct order. 
 
 
SECTION-A 
 (READING) 
 
20 
 
1. 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Read the passage given below - 
 
1. Necessity is indeed the mother of invention. When areas in and around Leh began to experience 
water shortages, life didn?t grind to a halt. Why? Because Chewang Norphel, a retired civil 
engineer in the Jammu and Kashmir government came up with the idea of artificial glaciers. 
 
2. Ladakh, a cold desert at an altitude of 3,000-3,500 metres above sea level, has a low average 
annual rainfall rate of 50mm. Glaciers have always been the only source of water. Agriculture 
is completely dependent on glacier melt unlike the rest of river/monsoon-fed India. But over the 
years with increasing effects of climate change, rainfall and snowfall patterns have been 
changing, resulting in severe shortage and drought situations. Given the severe winter 
conditions, the window for farming is usually limited to one harvest season 
 
3. It is located between the natural glacier above and the village below. The one closer to the 
village and lowest in altitude melts first, providing water during April/May, the crucial sowing 
season. Further layers of ice above melt with increasing temperature thus ensuring continuous 
supply to the fields. Thus, farmers have been able to manage two crops instead of one. It costs 
about Rs.1,50,000 and above to create one. 
 
4. Fondly called the “glacier man”, Mr. Norphel has designed over 15 artificial glaciers in and 
around Leh since 1987. In recognition of his pioneering effort, he was conferred the Padma Shri 
by President Pranab Mukherjee, in 2015. 
 
5.  There are few basic steps followed in creating the artificial glacier. 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1.1 
 
 
 
 
6. River or stream water at higher altitude is diverted to a shaded area of the hill, facing north, 
where the winter sun is blocked by a ridge or a mountain range. At the start of 
winter/November, the diverted water is made to flow onto sloping hill face through distribution 
channels. Stone embankments are built at regular intervals which impede the flow of water, 
making shallow pools and freeze, forming a cascade of ice along the slope. Ice formation 
continues for 3-4 months resulting in a large accumulation of ice which is referred to as an 
“artificial glacier”.                                                                                      (349 words) 
 
Adapted from: http://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/a-himalayan-solution/article7927749.ece) 
 
Attempt any eight of the following questions on the basis of the passage you have read.  
                                                                      
i. Who was Chewang Norphel? 
ii. What kind of land form is Ladakh? 
iii. Why have Glaciers been the only source of water for Ladakh? 
iv. Why has the pattern of snowfall and rainfall changed? 
v. How are Glaciers significant for irrigation? 
vi. How do farmers manage to grow two crops instead of one? 
vii. In which year did President Pranab Mukherjee confer Padmashri to Mr. Norphel? 
viii. How many months does the ice formation continue for? 
ix. Find the word in the paragraph 6 which means the same as „gathering?? 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1x8=8 
 
2. Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow: 
1. Have you ever failed at something so miserably that the thought of attempting to do it again 
was the last thing you wanted to do? 
2. If your answer is yes, then you are “not a robot.” Unlike robots, we human beings have 
feelings, emotions, and dreams. We are all meant to grow and stretch despite our 
circumstances and our limitations. Flourishing and trying to make our dreams come true is 
great when life is going our way. But what happens when it?s not? What happens when you 
fail despite all of your hard work? Do you stay down and accept the defeat or do you get up 
again and again until you are satisfied? If you have a tendency to persevere and keep going 
then you have what experts call, grit. 
 
3. Falling down or failing is one of the most agonizing, embarrassing, and scariest human 
experiences. But it is also one of the most educational, empowering, and essential parts of 
living a successful and fulfilling life. Did you know that perseverance (grit) is one of the seven 
qualities that have been described as the keys to personal success and betterment in society? 
The other six are: curiosity, gratitude, optimism, self-control, social intelligence, and zest. 
Thomas Edison is a model for grit for trying 1,000 plus times to invent the light bulb. If you 
are reading this with the lights on in your room, you know well he succeeded. When asked 
why he kept going despite his hundreds of failures, he merely stated that what he had been not 
failures. They were hundreds of ways not to create a light bulb. This statement not only 
revealed his grit but also his optimism for looking at the bright side 
 
 
3 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4. Grit can be learned to help you become more successful. One of the techniques that help is 
mindfulness. Mindfulness is a practice that helps the individual stay in the moment by 
bringing awareness of his or her experience without judgment. This practice has been used to 
quiet the noise of their fears and doubts. Through this simple practice of mindfulness, 
individuals have the ability to stop the self-sabotaging downward spiral of hopelessness, 
despair, and frustration. 
5.  What did you do to overcome the negative and self-sabotaging feelings of failure? Reflect on 
what you did, and try to use those same powerful resources to help you today. (396 words) 
[Adapted from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/debbie-lyn-toomey/grit_b_12768724.html 
 
 
2.1 On the basis of your reading of the passage, answer any four of the following questions in 
about 30-40 words each.                                                                                                  
i. According to the passage, what are the attributes of a human? 
ii. What is perceived as grit? 
iii. How is „failing? an educational and empowering part of human life? 
iv. In what ways can grit be developed? 
v. How does mindfulness help? 
 
2X4=8 
2.2 On the basis of your reading of the passage, answer any four of the following:                    
 
i. While inventing the light bulb, Thomas Edison had failed   
 
a. 1000 times b. 10000 plus times   c. 1000 plus times d. 10000 times 
 
ii. Failure is a part of  life. 
 
a. normal b. common c. human d. ordinary 
 
iii. In paragraph 2,  means continue. 
 
a. robots b. satisfied c. persevere d. flourishing 
 
iv. In paragraph 3, the synonym of distressing is _  . 
 
a. embarrassing b. scariest c. agonizing d.  failing 
 
v.   helps in preventing individuals from going down the lines of despair. 
 
a. success b. fear c. doubt d. mindfulness 
 
 
 
 
1X4=4 
4 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
SECTION B : 
( WRITING AND GRAMMAR ) 
 
 
30 
 
3. You are Sujal /Sujata of Pragya Public School, Nangal, Punjab who had arranged a trip for fifty 
students to Nanital in summer vacations for ten days with „Mount Travels and Tourism?. The 
arrangements done by the travel agency were far below the standard .The accommodation and 
food facilities were inferior in quality .Write a letter of complaint to the director of the agency to 
stop duping tourists with false promises as it tarnishes the image of locals . (100-120 words) 
                                                                                                                
OR 
 
India is a highly populated country. People lack in maintaining proper sanitation and hygiene as a 
result they suffer from various diseases. India has a serious sanitation challenge; around 60 per 
cent of the world?s open defecation takes place in India. Poor sanitation causes health hazards 
including diarrhea, particularly in children under 5 years of age, malnutrition and deficiencies in 
physical development and cognitive ability. You are Nitish /Nikita, head boy/girl of Anand 
Public School, Jaipur. Write a letter to the editor of a national daily, highlighting the problem and 
suggesting practical ways to ensure public sanitation and the right to dignity and privacy.                                                                                         
(100-120 words) 
 
 
8 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Page 5


1 
 
 
  
 
 
 
 
Class X 
English Language and Literature (184) 
Sample Question Paper 2018-19  
 
Time allowed: 3 Hours                 Max. Marks: 80 
 
General Instructions: 
 
I. The question paper is divided into three sections : 
 
SECTION A : Reading  20 MARKS 
SECTION B : Writing and Grammar 30 MARKS 
SECTION C : Literature 30 MARKS 
II. All questions are compulsory. 
III. You may attempt any section at a time. 
IV. All questions of that particular section must be attempted in the correct order. 
 
 
SECTION-A 
 (READING) 
 
20 
 
1. 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Read the passage given below - 
 
1. Necessity is indeed the mother of invention. When areas in and around Leh began to experience 
water shortages, life didn?t grind to a halt. Why? Because Chewang Norphel, a retired civil 
engineer in the Jammu and Kashmir government came up with the idea of artificial glaciers. 
 
2. Ladakh, a cold desert at an altitude of 3,000-3,500 metres above sea level, has a low average 
annual rainfall rate of 50mm. Glaciers have always been the only source of water. Agriculture 
is completely dependent on glacier melt unlike the rest of river/monsoon-fed India. But over the 
years with increasing effects of climate change, rainfall and snowfall patterns have been 
changing, resulting in severe shortage and drought situations. Given the severe winter 
conditions, the window for farming is usually limited to one harvest season 
 
3. It is located between the natural glacier above and the village below. The one closer to the 
village and lowest in altitude melts first, providing water during April/May, the crucial sowing 
season. Further layers of ice above melt with increasing temperature thus ensuring continuous 
supply to the fields. Thus, farmers have been able to manage two crops instead of one. It costs 
about Rs.1,50,000 and above to create one. 
 
4. Fondly called the “glacier man”, Mr. Norphel has designed over 15 artificial glaciers in and 
around Leh since 1987. In recognition of his pioneering effort, he was conferred the Padma Shri 
by President Pranab Mukherjee, in 2015. 
 
5.  There are few basic steps followed in creating the artificial glacier. 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1.1 
 
 
 
 
6. River or stream water at higher altitude is diverted to a shaded area of the hill, facing north, 
where the winter sun is blocked by a ridge or a mountain range. At the start of 
winter/November, the diverted water is made to flow onto sloping hill face through distribution 
channels. Stone embankments are built at regular intervals which impede the flow of water, 
making shallow pools and freeze, forming a cascade of ice along the slope. Ice formation 
continues for 3-4 months resulting in a large accumulation of ice which is referred to as an 
“artificial glacier”.                                                                                      (349 words) 
 
Adapted from: http://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/a-himalayan-solution/article7927749.ece) 
 
Attempt any eight of the following questions on the basis of the passage you have read.  
                                                                      
i. Who was Chewang Norphel? 
ii. What kind of land form is Ladakh? 
iii. Why have Glaciers been the only source of water for Ladakh? 
iv. Why has the pattern of snowfall and rainfall changed? 
v. How are Glaciers significant for irrigation? 
vi. How do farmers manage to grow two crops instead of one? 
vii. In which year did President Pranab Mukherjee confer Padmashri to Mr. Norphel? 
viii. How many months does the ice formation continue for? 
ix. Find the word in the paragraph 6 which means the same as „gathering?? 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1x8=8 
 
2. Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow: 
1. Have you ever failed at something so miserably that the thought of attempting to do it again 
was the last thing you wanted to do? 
2. If your answer is yes, then you are “not a robot.” Unlike robots, we human beings have 
feelings, emotions, and dreams. We are all meant to grow and stretch despite our 
circumstances and our limitations. Flourishing and trying to make our dreams come true is 
great when life is going our way. But what happens when it?s not? What happens when you 
fail despite all of your hard work? Do you stay down and accept the defeat or do you get up 
again and again until you are satisfied? If you have a tendency to persevere and keep going 
then you have what experts call, grit. 
 
3. Falling down or failing is one of the most agonizing, embarrassing, and scariest human 
experiences. But it is also one of the most educational, empowering, and essential parts of 
living a successful and fulfilling life. Did you know that perseverance (grit) is one of the seven 
qualities that have been described as the keys to personal success and betterment in society? 
The other six are: curiosity, gratitude, optimism, self-control, social intelligence, and zest. 
Thomas Edison is a model for grit for trying 1,000 plus times to invent the light bulb. If you 
are reading this with the lights on in your room, you know well he succeeded. When asked 
why he kept going despite his hundreds of failures, he merely stated that what he had been not 
failures. They were hundreds of ways not to create a light bulb. This statement not only 
revealed his grit but also his optimism for looking at the bright side 
 
 
3 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4. Grit can be learned to help you become more successful. One of the techniques that help is 
mindfulness. Mindfulness is a practice that helps the individual stay in the moment by 
bringing awareness of his or her experience without judgment. This practice has been used to 
quiet the noise of their fears and doubts. Through this simple practice of mindfulness, 
individuals have the ability to stop the self-sabotaging downward spiral of hopelessness, 
despair, and frustration. 
5.  What did you do to overcome the negative and self-sabotaging feelings of failure? Reflect on 
what you did, and try to use those same powerful resources to help you today. (396 words) 
[Adapted from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/debbie-lyn-toomey/grit_b_12768724.html 
 
 
2.1 On the basis of your reading of the passage, answer any four of the following questions in 
about 30-40 words each.                                                                                                  
i. According to the passage, what are the attributes of a human? 
ii. What is perceived as grit? 
iii. How is „failing? an educational and empowering part of human life? 
iv. In what ways can grit be developed? 
v. How does mindfulness help? 
 
2X4=8 
2.2 On the basis of your reading of the passage, answer any four of the following:                    
 
i. While inventing the light bulb, Thomas Edison had failed   
 
a. 1000 times b. 10000 plus times   c. 1000 plus times d. 10000 times 
 
ii. Failure is a part of  life. 
 
a. normal b. common c. human d. ordinary 
 
iii. In paragraph 2,  means continue. 
 
a. robots b. satisfied c. persevere d. flourishing 
 
iv. In paragraph 3, the synonym of distressing is _  . 
 
a. embarrassing b. scariest c. agonizing d.  failing 
 
v.   helps in preventing individuals from going down the lines of despair. 
 
a. success b. fear c. doubt d. mindfulness 
 
 
 
 
1X4=4 
4 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
SECTION B : 
( WRITING AND GRAMMAR ) 
 
 
30 
 
3. You are Sujal /Sujata of Pragya Public School, Nangal, Punjab who had arranged a trip for fifty 
students to Nanital in summer vacations for ten days with „Mount Travels and Tourism?. The 
arrangements done by the travel agency were far below the standard .The accommodation and 
food facilities were inferior in quality .Write a letter of complaint to the director of the agency to 
stop duping tourists with false promises as it tarnishes the image of locals . (100-120 words) 
                                                                                                                
OR 
 
India is a highly populated country. People lack in maintaining proper sanitation and hygiene as a 
result they suffer from various diseases. India has a serious sanitation challenge; around 60 per 
cent of the world?s open defecation takes place in India. Poor sanitation causes health hazards 
including diarrhea, particularly in children under 5 years of age, malnutrition and deficiencies in 
physical development and cognitive ability. You are Nitish /Nikita, head boy/girl of Anand 
Public School, Jaipur. Write a letter to the editor of a national daily, highlighting the problem and 
suggesting practical ways to ensure public sanitation and the right to dignity and privacy.                                                                                         
(100-120 words) 
 
 
8 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
5 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4. 
 
 
 
Develop a short story with the help of the given visual / starting line .Give a suitable title to 
your story. (150-200 words) 
A.   
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
10 
 
OR 
 
 
B. It was an amazing day, full of fun and frolic. We all stood aghast to see a strange flying object 
over our heads. We started guessing …(write in 150-200 words) 
 
 
 
5. Fill in any four of the blanks choosing the most appropriate option from the ones given in the 
box. Write the answers in your answer –sheet against the correct blank numbers.                                                                 
     
 
1. Butterflies are abundant (a)  the Central African Republic. 
2. It (b)  ___________home to nearly 600 identified species. 
3. Many butterflies are brilliantly coloured and small(c) some are as big as saucers. 
4. Farmer Philippe (d)  solace in collecting butterfly wings from his fields 
and turning them into works of art. 
5. My favourite hobby, since my childhood, is (e)   butterflies. 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1x4=4 
     1. (a) (i) in              (ii) from                 (iii) for               (iv) into  
     2. (b) (i) has (ii) is                      (iii) was              (iv) are 
     3. (c) (i) if              (ii) therefore           (iii) so                 (iv) while 
     4. (d) (i) find (ii) to find               (iii) finding         (iv) finds 
     5. (e) (i) catch        (ii) caught               (iii) catching       (iv) has been catching 
 
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