1. Introduction : (i) Importance of printed matter in the modern world
(ii) Everywhere around us - evidence of print in books, magazines, newspapers, calendars etc.
2. The First Printed Books : (i) Earliest printing technology - hand printing or woodblock printing in China, Japan and Korea
(ii) Imperial State of China, the major producer of printed material
(iii) 17th century and urban culture in China and new technology of mechanical presses
(iv) Shanghai - hub of the new print culture
(v) Hand-printing technology in Japan by Buddhist missionaries around 768-770 AD
(vi) Oldest Japanese printed book ‘Diamond Sutra’ (868).
3. Print comes to Europe : (i) Woodblock printing from China to Italy by Marco Polo (1296)
(ii) Gutenberg and development of printing press in the 1430s
(iii) Bible - first book printed -180 copies in three years
(iv) Between 1460 and 1650 printing presses all over the Europe and print revolution i.e., shift from hand-printing to mechanical printing.
4. The Print Revolution and Its Impact: (i) A new reading public due to reduction in the cost of books, more books and less labour, multiple copies
(ii) Anew culture of reading i.e., ballads, folk tales but transition not simple due to low literacy rate
(iii) Intermingling of hearing public and reading public
(iv) Fear of printed books
(v) Martin Luther and Ninety Five Theses - Protestant Reformation
(vi) Print and dissent - Menocchio - Index of Prohibited Books from 1558.
5. The Reading Mania : (i) Increase in literacy rate
(ii) Employment of pedlars
(iii) Development of periodical press - information about current affairs, maps, scientific texts, writings of thinkers - Rousseau
(iv) Various types of books - chapbooks and almanacs
(v) Books to change the world of despotism
(vi) Print culture and the French Revolution - Role of Rousseau and Voltaire - Various orguments.
6. The Nineteenth Century : (i) Mass literacy in Europe among children, women and workers due to penny magazines, lending libraries
(ii) Further innovations - Power driven cylindrical press, offset press, electrically operated press
(iii) Strategies to sell books - Shilling Series, cheap paperback editions.
7. India and the World of Print : (i) Manuscripts before the age of print - handwritten manuscripts - highly expensive and fragile
(ii) Print comes to India with Portugese missionaries in the mid-sixteenth century
(iii) English language press and editing of the Bengal Gazette by James Augustus Hickey from 1780
(iv) By the end of 18th century printing of newspapers and journals.
8. Religious Reform and Public Debates : (i) New interpretations
(ii) Controversies over matters like widow immolation and idolatry
(iii) Ulema and anxiety about the collapse of Muslim dynasties
(iv) Religious text in vernacular languages
(v) News from one place to another - pan Indian identities.
9. New Forms of Publication : (i) New literary forms in the world of reading
(ii) Lyrics, short stories and essays
(iii) New visual culture - visual images, calendars, caricatures and cartoons
(iv) Women and Print - Liberal views and conservative views
(v) Print and poor people — (a) Public libraries (b) Writings on caste discrimination.
10. Print and Censorship : (i) Control over press for criticising misrule of Company
(ii) Revolt of 1857 and need for control and in 1878 Vernacular Press Act
(iii) Despite repressive laws growth of nationalist newspapers
(iv) Tilak and Kesari.