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Class 10 Science Chapter 5 Question Answers - Life Processes

Q1: What will happen to a plant if its xylem is removed?  [CBSE 2009]
Ans: 
Xylem helps in the transport of water and minerals to the various parts of the plant. If xylem is removed it would ultimately lead to the death of the plant.

Q2:  Name the green dot like structures in some cells observed by a student when a leaf peel was viewed under a microscope. What is the green colour due to?  [CBSE 2010]
Ans:
The green dots like structures seen are the chloroplasts. The green colour is due to the pigment called chlorophyll.

Q3: Give one reason why multicellular organisms require special organs for exchange of gases between their body and their environment.  [CBSE 2010]
Ans: 
Simple diffusion is not sufficient for the exchange of gases in multicellular organisms as all their cells are not in direct contact with the environment. So, they require special organs for exchange of gases between their body and their environment.

Q4: What process in plants is known as transpiration?  [CBSE 2008]
Ans: 
The loss of water in the form of vapour from the aerial parts of the plant is known as transpiration.

Q5: What is osmoregulation?  [CBSE 2006]
Ans: 
The maintenance of optimum concentration of water and salts (electrolytes) in the body fluids is called as osmoregulation.

Q6: Why is carbon dioxide mostly transported in dissolved form?
Ans:
Carbon dioxide is mostly transported in the dissolved form as it is more soluble in water.

Q7: When we breathe out, why does the air passage not collapse?  [CBSE 2014]
Ans:
Rings of cartilage present on trachea prevent it from collapsing during the passage of air.

Q8: Herbivores have longer small intestine while carnivores have shorter small intestine. Give reason.  [CBSE 2014]
Ans: 
Herbivores have a longer small intestine compared to the carnivores to allow time for the cellulose present in the grass to get digested.

Q9: Mention the respiratory unit of lungs and excretory unit of kidneys.  [CBSE 2014]
Ans: 
The respiratory unit of lungs are alveoli and excretory unit of kidneys are nephrons.

Q10: Some organisms derive nutrition from plants or animals without killing them. What are these organisms called? Write one example.  [CBSE 2014]
Ans: 
They are called parasites, e.g. Cuscuta and tapeworm are the parasites of plants and animals respectively.

Q11: What are the major constituents of urine?  [CBSE 2008]
Ans: 
Urine is an aqueous solution of water, urea, chloride, sodium, potassium, creatinine and other dissolved ions, inorganic and organic compounds (proteins, hormones, and metabolites).

Q12: Where does the urine produced by the kidneys get stored?  [CBSE 2006]
Ans:
Urinary bladder.

Q13: How does transpiration help in upward transport of substances?  [CBSE 2008]
Ans: 
Transpiration creates a suction pressure which pulls up water along with the minerals through the xylem.

Q14: When the right atrium contract, blood flows from it to which part of the heart?  [CBSE 2007]
Ans: 
Right ventricle.

Q15: State the functions of the following:
(i) Blood
(ii) WBC  [CBSE 2011, 2012]
Ans: 
Function of RBC – To carry oxygen to various parts of the body.
Function of WBC – To protect the body against both infectious diseases and foreign invaders.

Q16: Write the functions of the two upper chambers of the human heart.  [CBSE 2011]
Ans:
The right atrium receives deoxygenated blood from various parts of the body through the vena cava.
The left atrium receives the oxygenated blood from the lungs through the pulmonary artery.

Q17: Leakage of blood from vessels reduces the efficiency of pumping system. How is the leakage prevented? [CBSE 2010, 2011]
Ans: 
Leakage is prevented by the blood platelets present in the blood which help in clotting the blood at the site of injury.

Q18: Which mechanism plays an important role in transportation of water in plants
(i) During daytime
(ii) At night?  [CBSE 2011, 2012]
Ans: 
During daytime – Transpiration; At Night – Root pressure.

Q19: Why are valves present in heart and the veins?   [CBSE 2010,2011]
Ans:
Valves present in the heart does not allow the blood to flow backwards when the atria or ventricles contracts. Valves are present in the veins to prevent the back flow of blood in the veins as it travels at very slow rate in the veins.

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FAQs on Class 10 Science Chapter 5 Question Answers - Life Processes

1. What are the five life processes?
Ans. The five life processes are nutrition, respiration, transportation, excretion, and reproduction.
2. How does nutrition occur in living organisms?
Ans. Nutrition in living organisms occurs through the process of ingestion, digestion, absorption, assimilation, and egestion.
3. What is the importance of respiration in living organisms?
Ans. Respiration is important for living organisms as it provides them with energy by breaking down glucose and releasing carbon dioxide and water.
4. How do living organisms transport substances within their bodies?
Ans. Living organisms transport substances within their bodies through a complex network of blood vessels called the circulatory system.
5. What is the role of excretion in living organisms?
Ans. Excretion is the process by which living organisms eliminate waste products from their bodies. It helps in maintaining a balance of substances and removing harmful metabolic waste.
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