FAQs on Fundamental Rights- 1 - Indian Polity for UPSC CSE
|1. What is the significance of the evolution of Fundamental Rights in India?
Ans. The evolution of Fundamental Rights in India is significant as it marks the progression of the country towards a more inclusive and democratic society. These rights guarantee certain freedoms and protections to all citizens, ensuring their dignity and equality before the law.
|2. How have Fundamental Rights evolved over time in India?
Ans. Fundamental Rights in India have evolved through various constitutional amendments and judicial interpretations. The Constitution has been amended to add new rights and expand the scope of existing ones, reflecting the changing needs and aspirations of the society. Additionally, landmark court judgments have played a crucial role in shaping and expanding the understanding of Fundamental Rights.
|3. What is the nature of Fundamental Rights in India?
Ans. Fundamental Rights in India are considered as essential rights that are inherent to all individuals, irrespective of their caste, creed, religion, gender, or place of birth. These rights are enforceable by the courts and provide protection against any arbitrary actions by the state or its authorities. They are also subject to reasonable restrictions in the interest of public order, morality, and the sovereignty of the nation.
|4. What are the six Fundamental Rights in India?
Ans. The six Fundamental Rights in India are:
1. Right to Equality: It ensures equality before the law, prohibits discrimination, and provides equal protection of the law to all citizens.
2. Right to Freedom: It includes freedom of speech and expression, assembly, association, movement, residence, and the right to practice any profession, occupation, trade, or business.
3. Right against Exploitation: It prohibits all forms of forced labor, child labor, and human trafficking.
4. Right to Freedom of Religion: It guarantees the freedom to profess, practice, and propagate any religion of choice.
5. Cultural and Educational Rights: It safeguards the rights of minorities to conserve their culture, language, and establish educational institutions of their choice.
6. Right to Constitutional Remedies: It empowers individuals to seek legal remedies through writs for the enforcement of their Fundamental Rights.
|5. What is the importance of Fundamental Rights in India?
Ans. Fundamental Rights are of utmost importance in India as they ensure the protection of individual liberties, equality, and justice. They act as a check on the arbitrary exercise of power by the state, safeguarding citizens against any form of discrimination, exploitation, or violation of their rights. Fundamental Rights also play a crucial role in the promotion of democracy, social harmony, and the overall development of the nation.