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HTML Quotations & Comments - Notes | Study HTML for Junior Classes - Class 3

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HTML Comments
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In this chapter we will go through the <blockquote>,<q>, <abbr>, <address>, <cite>, and <bdo> HTML elements.

Example

Here is a quote from WWF's website:
For nearly 60 years, WWF has been protecting the future of nature. The world's leading conservation organization, WWF works in 100 countries and is supported by more than one million members in the United States and close to five million globally.

HTML <blockquote> for Quotations

The HTML <blockquote> element defines a section that is quoted from another source.

Browsers usually indent <blockquote> elements.

Example

<p>Here is a quote from WWF's website:</p>

<blockquote cite="http://www.worldwildlife.org/who/index.html">

For 50 years, WWF has been protecting the future of nature.

The world's leading conservation organization,

WWF works in 100 countries and is supported by

1.2 million members in the United States and

close to 5 million globally.

</blockquote>

HTML <q> for Short Quotations

The HTML <q> tag defines a short quotation.
Browsers normally insert quotation marks around the quotation.

Example

<p>WWF's goal is to: <q>Build a future where people live in harmony with nature.</q></p>

HTML <abbr> for Abbreviations

The HTML <abbr> tag defines an abbreviation or an acronym, like "HTML", "CSS", "Mr.", "Dr.", "ASAP", "ATM".
Marking abbreviations can give useful information to browsers, translation systems and search-engines.

Tip: Use the global title attribute to show the description for the abbreviation/acronym when you mouse over the element.

Example

<p>The <abbr title="World Health Organization">WHO</abbr> was founded in 1948.</p>

HTML <address> for Contact Information

  • The HTML <address> tag defines the contact information for the author/owner of a document or an article.
  • The contact information can be an email address, URL, physical address, phone number, social media handle, etc.
  • The text in the <address> element usually renders in italic, and browsers will always add a line break before and after the <address> element.

Example

<address>

Written by John Doe.<br>

Visit us at:<br>

Example.com<br>

Box 564, Disneyland<br>

USA

</address>

HTML <cite> for Work Title

The HTML <cite> tag defines the title of a creative work (e.g. a book, a poem, a song, a movie, a painting, a sculpture, etc.).

Note: A person's name is not the title of a work.

The text in the <cite> element usually renders in italic

Example

<p><cite>The Scream</cite> by Edvard Munch. Painted in 1893.</p>

HTML <bdo> for Bi-Directional Override

BDO stands for Bi-Directional Override.
The HTML <bdo> tag is used to override the current text direction:

Example

<bdo dir="rtl">This text will be written from right to left</bdo>

HTML Comments

HTML comments are not displayed in the browser, but they can help document your HTML source code.

HTML Comment Tag

You can add comments to your HTML source by using the following syntax:

<!-- Write your comments here -->

Notice that there is an exclamation point (!) in the start tag, but not in the end tag.

Note: Comments are not displayed by the browser, but they can help document your HTML source code.

Add Comments

With comments you can place notifications and reminders in your HTML code:

Example

<!-- This is a comment -->


<p>This is a paragraph.</p>


<!-- Remember to add more information here -->

Hide Content

Comments can be used to hide content.
Which can be helpful if you hide content temporarily:
Example

<p>This is a paragraph.</p>


<!-- <p>This is another paragraph </p> -->


<p>This is a paragraph too.</p>

You can also hide more than one line, everything between the <!-- and the --> will be hidden from the display.

Example
Hide a section of HTML code:

<p>This is a paragraph.</p>

<!--

<p>Look at this cool image:</p>

<img border="0" src="https://edurev.gumlet.io/ic_trulli.jpg" alt="Trulli">

-->

<p>This is a paragraph too.</p>

Comments are also great for debugging HTML, because you can comment out HTML lines of code, one at a time, to search for errors.

Hide Inline Content

Comments can be used to hide parts in the middle of the HTML code.
Example
Hide a part of a paragaph:

<p>This <!-- great text --> is a paragraph.</p>

The document HTML Quotations & Comments - Notes | Study HTML for Junior Classes - Class 3 is a part of the Class 3 Course HTML for Junior Classes.
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