The three strategic goals of the Hyogo Framework for Action along with steps taken by India towards its implementation:
(a) Goal 1: "The more effective integration of disaster risk considerations into sustainable development policies, planning and programming at all levels, with a special emphasis on disaster prevention, mitigation, preparedness and vulnerability reduction;"
(b) Goal 2: "The development and strengthening of institutions, mechanisms and capacities at all levels, in particular at the community level, that can systematically contribute to building resilience to hazards;"
(c) Goal 3: "The systematic incorporation of risk reduction approaches into the design and implementation of emergency preparedness, response and recovery programmes in the reconstruction of affected communities."
India is committed to achieving the 7 goals set under the framework through systematic and sustainable efforts.
The Four Priorities for Action under the Sendai Framework
Critical data gaps exist in specific areas of disaster loss, in all areas of international cooperation, and for many aspects of early warning, risk information and disaster risk reduction strategies. The Review confirms that unless gaps in data availability, quality and accessibility are addressed, countries' ability to assure accurate, timely and high quality monitoring and reporting of implementation across all Targets and Priorities of the Sendai Framework will be severely impaired.
A Global Partnership for Disaster-related Data for Sustainable Development would facilitate a collaborative, multistakeholder effort (bringing together governments, international organizations, the private sector, civil society groups, and the statistics and data communities), to optimize and operationalize existing and future disaster-related data in support of national and sub-national disaster risk reduction efforts.
2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development
In the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, ten of the seventeen Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) have targets related to disaster risk, firmly establishing the role of disaster risk reduction in realizing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
Paris Agreement at CoP 21
In the Paris Agreement, adopted at the 21st Conference of Parties to United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in 2015, Member States committed to holding the global average temperature increase to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit the increase to 1.5°C, with the aim to "significantly reduce the risks and impacts of climate change"
United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction
It is a series of United Nations conferences focusing on disaster risk reduction and climate risk management in sustainable development. The conferences bring together government officials and other stakeholders to discuss how to strengthen development sustainability by managing disaster and climate risks. The conferences have been hosted by Japan: in Yokohama in 1994, in Kobe in 2005 and in Sendai in 2015.
It acts as the main global forum for emphasis on disaster risk reduction. It assesses the progress made in implementing the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (SFDRR). It meets biannually and Indian delegation participated in it in Cancun, Mexico in 2017 where NDMA Guidelines on Museums was also launched during the summit.
To monitor and share the country's progress at a regional platform for Asian-Pacific region, AMCDRR was conceptualized. It provides a platform for engagement of Ministers of about 61 countries, dealing with Disaster Management for plan and policy making at regional level in line with the global framework on disaster risk reduction. It meets biannually. The 2nd and 7th AMCDRR were hosted by Government of India in 2007 and 2016 respectively.
The Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR) is a global partnership program administered by the World Bank Group. It helps developing countries - particularly those identified as the most vulnerable natural disaster "hotspots" - enhance their capacity for disaster prevention, emergency preparedness, response, and recovery. It also supports developing countries to:
It was launched in September 2006 to support implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015 (FIFA). India became a member in 2013.
The 13th SAARC Summit at Dhaka in November 2005 considered the issues of regional cooperation for preparedness and mitigation of national disasters and approved the offer of India to set up a SAARC Disaster Management Centre (SDMC) in New Delhi.
SADKN web portal is a platform for networking and knowledge sharing for the region. It brings together various agencies and creates an extensive knowledge network on disasters for the region to share information, data and research in DRR. It is a network of networks with one regional and eight national portals.
A resolution was adopted at the United Nations General Assembly in 1997 to reduce damage from natural disasters substantially by designating the 1990s as the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction. Following a series of national conferences held from 1994 to 1997 to discuss the cooperation for disaster reduction, a ministerial level conference was held in Kobe, Japan in 1995 in which 28 countries from Asia and other regions participated. It adopted the Kobe declaration which includes an agreement to consider creating a system, which has the functions of a disaster reduction centre for the Asia region. The Asia Disaster Reduction Centre (ADRC) was thus established in Kobe in 1998 following an agreement from the participating countries with the Japanese government.
Asian Disaster Preparedness Center (ADPC) is established in 1986 at Bangkok, Thailand. It is a non-profit, nonpolitical, autonomous, regional organization serving as a regional centre in Asia-Pacific for promoting disaster preparedness, disaster mitigation, awareness generation, exchange of information, community participation etc. In 2004, the ADPC became an international body (inter-governmental organization).
The ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF) was established in 1994. The ARF membership including India, which joined in 1996, is 25 countries. It is the Principal forum for Security Dialogue in Asia and complements the various bilateral alliances and dialogues, underpinning the region's security architecture. The ARF is premised on the idea drawn from the ASEAN experience that a process of dialogue can produce qualitative improvements in political relationships. It provides a platform for members to discuss current regional security issues and develop cooperative measures to enhance peace and security.
As all ASEAN members are automatically ARF members, India participates in the ARF meetings and disaster relief exercises.