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Introduction: Balance of Payment Video Lecture | Indian Economy for UPSC CSE

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FAQs on Introduction: Balance of Payment Video Lecture - Indian Economy for UPSC CSE

1. What is the balance of payments?
The balance of payments is a record of all financial transactions made between a country and the rest of the world during a specific time period, usually one year. It includes both the country's exports and imports of goods, services, and financial assets, as well as capital transfers and the receipt and payment of income.
2. How is the balance of payments calculated?
The balance of payments is calculated by summing up all the credits (inflows) and debits (outflows) of a country's international transactions. The current account includes the trade balance (exports minus imports of goods and services), net income from abroad, and net current transfers. The capital account includes capital transfers and the acquisition or disposal of non-produced, non-financial assets. The financial account records the net change in a country's ownership of foreign financial assets and liabilities.
3. What does a positive balance of payments indicate?
A positive balance of payments, also known as a surplus, indicates that a country is receiving more financial inflows than outflows. This means that the country is exporting more than it is importing, earning more income from abroad than it is paying out, or receiving more capital transfers than it is giving. A surplus in the balance of payments can contribute to a stronger domestic currency and increased foreign exchange reserves.
4. What are the main components of the balance of payments?
The main components of the balance of payments are the current account, the capital account, and the financial account. The current account includes the trade balance, net income from abroad, and net current transfers. The capital account includes capital transfers and the acquisition or disposal of non-produced, non-financial assets. The financial account records the net change in a country's ownership of foreign financial assets and liabilities.
5. Why is the balance of payments important?
The balance of payments is important because it provides valuable information about a country's economic transactions with the rest of the world. It helps policymakers and economists analyze the performance and competitiveness of a country's economy, understand the sources of its financial inflows and outflows, and assess its external vulnerabilities. The balance of payments also influences exchange rates, interest rates, and the overall stability of the economy.
139 videos|298 docs|136 tests

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