Introduction of Communication UPSC Notes | EduRev

Geography for UPSC CSE

UPSC : Introduction of Communication UPSC Notes | EduRev

The document Introduction of Communication UPSC Notes | EduRev is a part of the UPSC Course Geography for UPSC CSE.
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Communication

  • Communication through satellites has emerged as a new area in communication technology since the 1970s.

Introduction of Communication UPSC Notes | EduRev

  • The first major breakthrough of communication is the use of optic fibre cables (OFC) as it allows large quantities of data to be transmitted rapidly, securely, and are virtually error-free.
  • However, with the digitization of information in the 1990s, telecommunication slowly merged with computers and constituted an integrated network termed the Internet. 
  • Today, the Internet is the largest electronic network on the planet connecting more than 1,000 million people in more than 100 countries of the world.
  • Indian satellite Aryabhatt was launched on April 19, 1979, Bhaskar-I in 1979, and Rohini in 1980.

Introduction of Communication UPSC Notes | EduRev

  • Further, on 18 June 1981, APPLE (Arian Passenger Payload Experiment) was launched through the Arian rocket. Thereupon, a series of satellites have been launched for different purposes.
  • Cyberspace is the world of electronic computerized space. It consists of the Internet such as on the World Wide Web (www).
  • Currently, the majority of the internet users in the world are living in U.S.A., U.K., Germany, Japan, China, and India.

Introduction of Communication UPSC Notes | EduRev

Introduction of Communication UPSC Notes | EduRev

  • Cyberspace has been expanding the contemporary economic and social space of humans through e-mail, e-commerce, e-learning and e-governance.
  • Likewise, these modern communication systems, more than transportation, have made the concept of a global village a reality.
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