FAQs on Introduction: Agriculture Video Lecture - Social Studies (SST) Class 10
|1. What is agriculture?
Ans. Agriculture is the practice of cultivating plants, raising animals, and producing food, fiber, medicinal plants, and other products used to sustain and enhance human life. It involves various activities such as planting, watering, fertilizing, harvesting, and rearing livestock.
|2. What are the different types of agriculture?
Ans. There are several types of agriculture, including:
1. Subsistence Agriculture: It refers to the cultivation of crops and rearing of animals for the sole purpose of meeting the needs of the farmer's family.
2. Commercial Agriculture: It involves large-scale production of crops and livestock for sale in the market.
3. Organic Agriculture: This type of agriculture emphasizes the use of natural fertilizers and pesticides, avoiding the use of synthetic chemicals.
4. Intensive Agriculture: It focuses on maximizing production through the use of high inputs, such as irrigation, mechanization, and chemical fertilizers.
5. Extensive Agriculture: It involves large-scale cultivation of crops or rearing of livestock over a vast area of land with low inputs.
|3. What are the main challenges faced by agriculture?
Ans. Agriculture faces various challenges, including:
1. Climate Change: Changing weather patterns, extreme temperatures, and irregular rainfall affect crop yields and livestock productivity.
2. Water Scarcity: Limited availability of water for irrigation, especially in arid regions, hampers agricultural productivity.
3. Soil Degradation: Continuous use of chemical fertilizers and improper land management practices lead to soil erosion and degradation.
4. Pests and Diseases: Outbreaks of pests and diseases can cause significant crop losses and impact farm productivity.
5. Market Volatility: Fluctuations in market prices, trade barriers, and lack of access to fair markets can affect farmers' income.
|4. How can sustainable agriculture be promoted?
Ans. Sustainable agriculture can be promoted through the following measures:
1. Conservation Agriculture: Adopting practices like minimum tillage, crop rotation, and residue management to protect soil health and reduce erosion.
2. Agroforestry: Integrating trees with crops and livestock to improve biodiversity, soil fertility, and water conservation.
3. Precision Farming: Utilizing technology like GPS, sensors, and drones to optimize resource usage, reduce chemical inputs, and increase efficiency.
4. Crop Diversification: Growing a variety of crops instead of monoculture to promote ecological balance, pest control, and risk reduction.
5. Education and Training: Providing farmers with knowledge and skills on sustainable farming practices, resource management, and climate-smart techniques.
|5. How does agriculture contribute to the economy?
Ans. Agriculture plays a crucial role in the economy by contributing in the following ways:
1. Employment Generation: Agriculture provides employment opportunities for a significant portion of the population, especially in rural areas.
2. Food Security: Agricultural production ensures a stable food supply, reducing dependence on imports and ensuring affordable prices for consumers.
3. Export Earnings: Agricultural products, such as grains, fruits, vegetables, and processed foods, contribute to export earnings, boosting foreign exchange reserves.
4. Rural Development: Agriculture helps in the development of rural areas by creating infrastructure, improving living standards, and reducing poverty.
5. Industrial Linkages: Agriculture serves as a source of raw materials for various industries, such as textiles, food processing, and biofuel production, fostering economic growth and diversification.