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# Introduction to Calendar - Notes | Study Quantitative Techniques for CLAT - CLAT

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Calendar

A calendar is a system of organizing units of time for the purpose of reckoning time over extended periods. By convention, the day is the smallest calendrical unit of time; the measurement of fractions of a day is classified as timekeeping.

• Ordinary year: An year having 365 days is called ordinary years.
• Leap year: Year having 366 days is called a leap year. Every leap year is exactly divisible by 4 and ordinary years are not completely divisible by 4.
• Odd days: In a given period, the days apart from complete weeks are called odd days. An ordinary year has one odd day, i.e. 365/7 = 52 weeks + 1 day While the leap year has two odd days, i.e. 366/7 = 52 + 2 days. To Find the Number of Odd Days

• In 100 years there are 24 leap years + 76 ordinary years
= 24 x 52 weeks + 24 x 2 days + 76 x 52 weeks + 76 days
= 6 days  + 6 days
= 12 days = 1 week and 5 days
So, in 100 years there are 5 odd days similarly in 200 years there are 3 odd days and in 300 years there is 1 odd day in 400 years there is 0 odd day similarly in 800 years, 1200 years and 1600 years there is 0 odd day.
• Odd days in Feb: In an ordinary year, Feb has no odd day, whereas in a leap year Feb has one odd day.
• 1st day of the century must be Tuesday, Thursday or Saturday and Last day of a century cannot be Tuesday, Thursday or Saturday.

To Find a Particular Day When a Day and a Date is Given

Step I: Find out the number of odd days between the given date and the date for which the day is to be found one.

Step II: From the given day count the odd days in the forward direction to arrive at the day on the given date.

Example 1: If 10th January 1992 was Saturday, what day of the week was on 6th March 1993.
Solution: Calculate number of odd days between 10th Jan 1992 and 6th Mar 1993 Jan 10, 1992, is Saturday
So, from Jan 11 to Dec 31 of 1992 – days are 366 – 10 = 356 days
Jan 1993 = 31days
Feb 1993 = 28 days
6th March 1993 = 6 days
Total days = 421
= 60 weeks + 1 day
So No. of odd days = 1
Let us count one day after Saturday. The required day will be Sunday.

Example 2: On April 4, 1988, it was Monday. What day of the week was on 5th Nov. 1987.
Solutions:
No. of days between 5th Nov. 1987 to 4th April 1988 6th Nov 1987 to 30 Nov  = 25 days
Dec 1987 = 31 days
Jan 1988 = 31 days
Feb 1988 = 29 days
March 1988 = 31 days
4th April 1988 = 4 days
Total = 151 days
No. of odd days = 151 / 7 = 21 weeks – 4 days
So, since 5th Nov. 1987 is prior to 4th April 1988
We are to count 4 days backwards from Monday, the required day is Thursday.

Question for Introduction to Calendar
Try yourself:It was Sunday on Jan 1, 2006. What was the day of the week Jan 1, 2010?

To Find the Day on a Particular Date if Day and Date is not Given

• The procedure can be understood from the given example.

Example 3: Find the day of the week on 26th Jan. 1960.
Solution: No. of odd days upto 26th Jan. 1960
= Odd days for 1600 years + odd days for 300 years + odd days for 59 years + odd days of 26 days of Jan 1960
= 0 + 1 + 59 + 14 + 5 = 79 days
= 79 / 7 = 11 weeks + 2 days = 2 odd days
The required day is Tuesday Zero odd day means Sunday. We are to consider one odd day as Monday 2 odd days as Tuesday and so on.

Question for Introduction to Calendar
Try yourself:What was the day of the week on 28th May, 2006?

The document Introduction to Calendar - Notes | Study Quantitative Techniques for CLAT - CLAT is a part of the CLAT Course Quantitative Techniques for CLAT.
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## Quantitative Techniques for CLAT

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## Quantitative Techniques for CLAT

56 videos|35 docs|91 tests

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