SWARAN SINGH COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS
In 1976, the Congress Party set up the Sardar Swaran Singh Committee to make recommendations about fundamental duties, the need and necessity of which was felt during the operation of the internal emergency (1975-1977).Though the Swaran Singh Committee suggested the incorporation of eight Fundamental Duties in the Constitution, the 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act (1976) included ten Fundamental Duties.
List Of Fundamental Duties
According to Article 51 A, it shall be the duty of every citizen of India:
(a) to abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the National Flag and the National Anthem;
(b) to cherish and follow the noble ideals that inspired the national struggle for freedom;
(c) to uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India;
(d) to defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so;
(e) to promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India transcending religious, linguistic and regional or sectional diversities and to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women;
(f) to value and preserve the rich heritage of the country’s composite culture;
(g) to protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers and wildlife and to have compassion for living creatures;
(h) to develop scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform;
(i) to safeguard public property and to abjure violence;
(j) to strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity so that the nation constantly rises to higher levels of endeavour and achievement; and
(k) to provide opportunities for education to his child or ward between the age of six and fourteen years. This duty was added by the 86th Constitutional Amendment Act, 2002.
- However, the 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act (1976) included ten Fundamental Duties.
- Therefore, the correct answer is Option B: 8.
- It reinforces the idea that citizens should be conscious of their responsibilities and obligations towards their nation.
- By promoting these values, it inspires citizens towards nation-building, discipline, and achieving national goals.
- This practice also strengthens democracy by emphasizing the importance of civic duties in addition to individual rights.
- Overall, the purpose is to create a sense of awareness and commitment among citizens towards their country and its progress.
Criticism Of Fds (Upscsummarynotes.com)
|1. What are Fundamental Duties?|
|2. How many Fundamental Duties are there in India?|
|3. Are Fundamental Duties applicable to all citizens?|
|4. Can Fundamental Duties be enforced legally?|
|5. What is the significance of Fundamental Duties?|