STATE HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION
The Protection of Human Rights Act of 1993 provides for the creation of State Human Rights Commission at the state level. A State Human Rights Commission can inquire into violation of human rights related to subjects covered under state list and concurrent list in the seventh schedule of the Indian constitution.
Human Rights (Amendment) Act, 2006 consists of three members including a chairperson. The chairperson should be a retired Chief Justice of a High Court.
The other members should be:
(i) A serving or retired judge of a High Court or a District Judge in the state with a minimum of seven years’ experience as District judge.
(ii) A person having practical experience or knowledge related to human rights.
Functions of the Commission:
According to the protection of Human Rights Act, 1993; below are the functions of State Human Rights Commission:
(i) Intervene in any proceeding involving any allegation of violation of human rights before a Court with the approval of such Court.
(ii) Review the safeguards provided by or under the constitution of any law for the time being in force for the protection of human rights and recommend measures for their effective implementation.
(iii) Undertake and promote research in the field of human rights.
Working of the Commission
|1. What is the purpose of the State Human Rights Commission?|
|2. How does the State Human Rights Commission function?|
|3. Can anyone file a complaint with the State Human Rights Commission?|
|4. What types of human rights violations can be reported to the State Human Rights Commission?|
|5. How effective is the State Human Rights Commission in addressing human rights violations?|