D.1. SAANSAD ADARSH GRAM YOJANA (SAANJHI)
To develop three Adarsh grams (model villages) by march 2019, by each mp, of which one would be achieved by 2016.
Thereafter, five such Adarsh grams (one per year) will be selected and developed by 2024.
Villagers of adarsh grams/ Model villages in particular
And all the rural populace in general.
Members of parliament (mps) are the pivots this scheme will run on. Gram Panchayat would be the basic unit for development. It will have a population of 3000-5000 in plain areas and 1000-3000 in hilly, tribal and difficult areas.
The MP will identify one gram Panchayat to be taken up immediately, and two others to be taken up a little later.
Inspired by the principles and values of Mahatma Gandhi, the scheme places equal stress on :
o Nurturing values of national pride, patriotism,
o Community spirit, self-confidence and on
o Developing infrastructure.
SAANJHI aims at instilling certain values, such as
o People’s participation,
o gender equality, dignity of women,
o Social justice, spirit of community service,
o Cleanliness, eco-friendliness, maintaining ecological balance,
o Peace and harmony, mutual cooperation,
o Self-reliance, local self-government,
o Transparency and accountability in public life, etc. In the villages and their people so that they get transformed into models for others.
The scheme will be implemented through a village development plan that would be prepared for every identified gram Panchayat
D.2. BACKWARD REGION GRANT FUND
To address regional imbalances in development, by way of providing financial resources for supplementing and converging existing developmental inflows into the identified backward districts, so as to:
Bridge critical gaps in local infrastructure
Strengthen, to this end, Panchayat and municipality level governance with more appropriate capacity building, to facilitate participatory planning, decision making, implementation and monitoring, to reflect local felt needs,
Panchayati raj institutions
BRGF development grants
§ No central funding stream is as ‘untied’ as the BRGF - the funds can be applied to any preference of the Panchayat/ municipality, so long as it fills a development gap
Major shift in approach from top-down plans to participative plans prepared from the grassroots level upwards.
The guidelines of the programme entrust the central role in planning and implementation of the programme to Panchayats in rural areas, municipalities in urban areas and district planning committees
BRGF capacity building grants: no other programme spends as much funds, nearly 11 percent of the total allocation, for capacity building and staff provisioning.
D.3. STARTUP VILLAGE ENTREPRENEURSHIP PROGRAMME (SVEP)
SVEP is under NRLM
To create an ecosystem for rural population to be able start their own enterprises for sustainable livelihood
Foster 1.82 lakhs entrepreneurs over a period of four years, in 40 blocks across 14 states.
This programme is worth an estimated $72 mn (inr 484 cr.).
To be launched on the lines of the Deen Dayal Upadhyay Grameen Kaushal Yojana
Generate livelihood through self-employment
Will be a sub scheme under the national rural livelihood mission
Loans will be made available through Self Help Groups for starting the enterprise
D.4. PRADHAN MANTRI GRAM SADAK YOJANA
Provide all weather road connectivity in rural areas of the country
All habitations with a population of 500 persons and above in the plain areas and 250 persons and above in hill states, the tribal and the desert areas
A fully funded centrally sponsored scheme
Launched on 25 December, 2000
75 paise per liter has been earmarked for this scheme out of cess levied on high speed diesel
Up gradation work is not central to the scheme
The unit for this program is habitation and not revenue village
D.5. INDIRA AWAAS YOJANA (IAY)
Aim of Indira Awaas Yojana is to provide financial assistance to the rural poor living below the poverty line (BPL) for construction of a house
Bpl rural households of scheduled castes, scheduled tribes, non-scheduled castes & non-scheduled tribes, ex-servicemen of the armed & paramilitary forces killed in action, physically & mentally challenged persons, freed bonded laborers & minorities are eligible to get assistance under indira awaas Yojana.
In June, 1985 Indira Awaas Yojana was launched as a sub scheme of RLEGP
Indira awaas Yojana was made an independent scheme with effect from 1st January, 1996
Funding of IAY is shared between the centre & state in the ratio of 75:25. In case of uts, entire fund of iay is provided by the centre
Rs.35,000/- per unit for the plain areas & Rs.38,500/- for the hilly/difficult areas
The assistance for up gradation of unserviceable kutcha house to pucca/semi pucca house is Rs.15,000/- for all areas
The assistance for credit-cum-subsidy scheme is also Rs.12,500/- per unit
D.6. RURBAN MISSION
Aims to spur social, economic and infrastructure development in rural areas by developing a cluster of 300 smart villages by 2019-20 across the country
Providing citizen service centres- for electronic delivery of citizen centric services and e-gram connectivity, public transport, LPG gas connections, agro processing, agri services including storage and warehousing, sanitation, provision of piped water supply, solid and liquid waste management and upgrading education facilities.
Coastal and plain villages having a population of about 25000 to 50000
Hilly, desert or tribal areas with a population of 5000 to 15000
Shyama prasad mukherjee rurban mission (SPMRM) a successor of PURA.
SPMRM was announced in the union budget 2014-15
Smart village is an area which possesses the economic characteristics and lifestyles of an urban area while retaining its essential rural area features
It is a cluster based approach
State Governments would identify ‘clusters’
These clusters would be developed by provisioning of economic activities, developing skills & local entrepreneurship and providing infrastructure amenities.
The Rurban Mission will thus develop a cluster of Smart Villages.
The scheme will function with 14 mandatory components to ensure an optimum level of development of a cluster, which include skill development training linked to economic activities, digital literacy, fully equipped mobile health unit and inter-village road connectivity.
The funding for rurban clusters will be through various schemes of the government converged into the cluster, while preferred mode is PPP.
Clusters: geographically contiguous Gram Panchayats with a population of about 25000 to 50000 in plain and coastal areas and a population of 5000 to 15000 in desert, hilly or tribal areas.
D.7. MGNREGA-MAHATMA GANDHI NATIONAL RURAL EMPLOYMENT GUARANTEE ACT
To enhance livelihood security in rural areas by providing at least 100 days of guaranteed wage employment in a financial year to every household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work.
Unskilled manual labourers
At the statutory minimum wages.
Strong social safety net for the vulnerable groups
Sustainable development of an agricultural economy-employment on works that address drought, deforestation and soil erosion, water and soil conservation, afforestation and land development works
A 60:40 wage and material ratio has to be maintained. No contractors and machinery is allowed
The central government bears the 100 percent wage cost of unskilled manual labour and 75 percent of the material cost including the wages of skilled and semi-skilled workers
At least one-third beneficiaries shall be women
Social audit has to be done by the gram sabha.
D.8. DDU GRAMEEN KAUSHAL YOJANA
To bridge the skill gap that prevents India’s rural poor from competing in the modern market, such as the lack of formal education and marketable skills.
Rural Youth:15 - 35 Yrs
SC/ST/Women/PCTG/PWD: upto 45 Yrs
Enable Poor and Marginalized to Access Benefits
Demand led skill training at no cost to the rural poor
o Inclusive Program Design
o Shifting Emphasis from Training to Career Progression job retention
o Proactive Approach to Build Placement Partnerships
o Greater emphasis on projects for poor rural youth in Jammu and Kashmir (HIMAYAT),
o The North-East region and 27 Left-Wing Extremist (LWE) districts (ROSHINI)
3-tier implementation model.
o The DDU-GKY National Unit at MoRD functions as the policy-making, technical support and facilitation agency.
o The DDU-GKY State Missions provide implementation support; and
o the Project Implementing Agencies (PIAs) implement the programme through skilling and placement projects
|1. What are the government schemes offered by the Ministry of Rural Development?|
|2. What is the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA)?|
|3. How does the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY) contribute to rural development?|
|4. What is the objective of the Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY)?|
|5. How does the Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDU-GKY) contribute to rural development?|