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Mountain Ranges in India Notes | Study Geography for UPSC 2023 (Pre & Mains) - UPSC

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 Page 1


 
 
MOUTAIN RANGES  IN INDIA: 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Page 2


 
 
MOUTAIN RANGES  IN INDIA: 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Page 3


 
 
MOUTAIN RANGES  IN INDIA: 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
MOUNTAINS – PART 2 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nanda Devi Uttarakhand, 2
nd
 highest mountain in India  
Kanchenjunga Highest mountain in India  
Nokrek Highest point of the Garo Hills  
Saramati Highest of Naga Hills 
Blue Peak Highest of Mizo hills 
Gurushikhar Mt. Abu, Rajasthan, highest point of the Aravalli Range 
Page 4


 
 
MOUTAIN RANGES  IN INDIA: 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
MOUNTAINS – PART 2 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nanda Devi Uttarakhand, 2
nd
 highest mountain in India  
Kanchenjunga Highest mountain in India  
Nokrek Highest point of the Garo Hills  
Saramati Highest of Naga Hills 
Blue Peak Highest of Mizo hills 
Gurushikhar Mt. Abu, Rajasthan, highest point of the Aravalli Range 
 
Gorakhnath Highest peak of the Girnar mountain, Gujrat 
Dhupgarh Highest point of Satpura Range 
Mahendragiri 
Highest mountain peak of Orissa 
Doddabetta Highest peak in Nilgiri hills  
Anaimudi It is the highest peak in Western Ghats and in South India 
Saddle Peak 
highest point of the archipelago in the Bay of Bengal, located in 
Andaman 
  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Page 5


 
 
MOUTAIN RANGES  IN INDIA: 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
MOUNTAINS – PART 2 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nanda Devi Uttarakhand, 2
nd
 highest mountain in India  
Kanchenjunga Highest mountain in India  
Nokrek Highest point of the Garo Hills  
Saramati Highest of Naga Hills 
Blue Peak Highest of Mizo hills 
Gurushikhar Mt. Abu, Rajasthan, highest point of the Aravalli Range 
 
Gorakhnath Highest peak of the Girnar mountain, Gujrat 
Dhupgarh Highest point of Satpura Range 
Mahendragiri 
Highest mountain peak of Orissa 
Doddabetta Highest peak in Nilgiri hills  
Anaimudi It is the highest peak in Western Ghats and in South India 
Saddle Peak 
highest point of the archipelago in the Bay of Bengal, located in 
Andaman 
  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
HIMALAYAS 
 
 
The Himalayas, or Himalaya is a mountain range in Asia separating 
the plains of the Indian subcontinent from the Tibetan Plateau. 
 
The Himalayas are inhabited by roughly 52.7 million people, and are 
spread across five countries: Bhutan, China, India, Nepal and 
Pakistan. 
 
Geologically, the origin of the Himalayas is the impact of the Indian 
tectonic plate travelling northward at 15 cm per year to impact the 
Eurasian continent, about 40-50 million years ago. 
 
Due to recent origin on geological time scale, Himalayan mountains 
are called Young Fold Mountains.   
 
These young fold mountains consist of a series of parallel ranges 
with deep valleys between them and have variety of rock structures, 
deep gorges and high pyramidal peaks. 
 
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