NITI Aayog has released the state-wise National Multidimensional Poverty Index or MPI in line with the global index released by the United Nations each year. According to Global MPI 2021, India’s rank is 66 out of 109 countries. The National MPI Project is the first attempt in years to define poverty measures and is aimed at deconstructing the Global MPI and creating a globally aligned and yet customised India MPI. The MPI is based on three dimensions — health, education, and standard of living — with each having a weighting of one-third in the index. The household micro data collected at the unit-level for the NFHS serves as the basis of the computation of National MPI. This unit level micro data collected in 2015-16 has been used in the current MPI report to derive an idea of baseline multidimensional poverty i.e. where the country was with respect to MPI before full-scale roll out of the above mentioned schemes. The MPI identifies 25.01 per cent of the population as multidimensionally poor. The progress of the country with respect to this baseline will be measured using the NFHS-5 data collected in 2019-20.