NCERT Solution- Forest and Wildlife Resources Class 10 Notes | EduRev

Social Studies (SST) Class 10

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Class 10 : NCERT Solution- Forest and Wildlife Resources Class 10 Notes | EduRev

The document NCERT Solution- Forest and Wildlife Resources Class 10 Notes | EduRev is a part of the Class 10 Course Social Studies (SST) Class 10.
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Ques 1: Multiple choice questions
(i) Which of these statements is not a valid reason for the depletion of flora and fauna?
(a) Agricultural expansion
(b) Large scale developmental projects
(c) Grazing and fuelwood collection
(d) Rapid industrialization and urbanisation

Ans. (c) Grazing and fuelwood collection

(ii) Which of the following conservation strategies do not directly involve community participation?
(a) Joint forest management
(b) Beej Bachao Andolan
(c) Chipko Movement

(d) Demarcation of Wildlife sanctuaries
Ans: (ii) (d) Demarcation of Wildlife sanctuaries

Ques 2: Match the following animals with their category of existence.

Animals/Plants

Category of existence

Blackbuck

Extinct

Asiatic elephant

Rare

Andaman wild pig

Endangered

Himalayan brown bear

Vulnerable

Pink head duck

Endemic

Ans:

Animals/Plants

Category of existence

Blackbuck

Endangered

Asiatic elephant

Vulnerable

Andaman wild pig

Endemic

Himalayan brown bear

Rare

Pink head duck

Extinct


Ques 3: Match the following.

Reserved forests

other forests and wastelands belonging to both government and private individuals and communities

Protected forests

forests are regarded as most valuable as far as the conservation of forest and wildlife resources

Unclassed forests

forest lands are protected from any further depletion

Ans:

Reserved forests

forests are regarded as most valuable as far as the conservation of forest and wildlife resources

Protected forests

forest lands are protected from any further depletion

Unclassed forests

other forests and wastelands belonging to both government and private individuals and communities


Ques 4: Answer the following questions in about 30 words.
(i) What is biodiversity? Why is biodiversity important for human lives?
(ii) How have human activities affected the depletion of flora and fauna? Explain.
Ans: (i) Biodiversity refers to the variety and variability of life on earth. Biodiversity is typically a measure of variation at the genetic, species and ecosystem level.
(ii) Habitat destruction, hunting, poaching, overexploitation, environmental pollution, poisoning and forest fires are factors that led to decline of biodiversity.

Ques 5: Answer the following questions in about 120 words.
(i) Describe how communities have conserved and protected forests and wildlife in India.
(ii) Write a note on good practices towards conserving forest and wildlife.
Ans: NCERT Solution- Forest and Wildlife Resources Class 10 Notes | EduRev

Fig: Conservation of forest

(i) (a) In Sariska Tiger Reserve Rajasthan, villagers have fought against mining by citing Wildlife Protection Act.
(b) The inhabitants of five villages in the Alwar district have declared 1,200 hectares of forest as Bhairodev Dakav ‘Sonchuri’ declaring their own set of rules and regulations disallowing hunting and protecting the wildlife against outside encroachments.
(c) The Mundas and Santhals of Chota Nagpur region worship Mahua and Kadamba trees.
(d) Tribals of Odisha and Bihar worship the tamarind and mango trees during weddings.
(e) Langurs and macaques around temples are fed daily and treated as a part of temple devotees.
(f) In and around Bishnoi villages in Rajasthan herds of blackbuck, nilgai and peacocks can be seen as an integral part of the community and nobody can harm them.
(g) Chipko Movement has resisted deforestation in several areas.
(ii) (a) In conservation of forests and wildlife, many good practices have been evolved over the years which are social-cultural on one hand and legal on the other hand such as making of National Parks, Wildlife Sanctuaries and Bio-Reserves to protect endangered species of plants and animals.
(b) Mundas and the Santhals of Chota Nagpur region worship Mahua and Kadamba.
(c) Bishnoi people protect blackbuck, nilgai and peacocks and no one can harm them.
(d) Attempts to revive the traditional conservation methods or developing new methods of ecological farming are widespread.
(e) Beej Bachao Andolan in Tehri and Navdanya have shown that adequate levels of diversified crop production without the use of synthetic chemicals are possible and economically viable.
(f) Programmes such van Mahotsav are for creating awareness among people.

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