On The Trial Of The Earliest People
Q 1. Complete the sentences:
(a) Hunter-gatherers chose to live in caves and rock shelters because______
Ans. They provided shelter from rain, heat and wind
(b) Grasslands developed around ______ years ago.
(c) Early people painted on the ______ of caves.
(d) In Hunasagi, tools were made of ______
Q 2. Look at the present-day political map of the Indian subcontinent. Find out the states where Bhimbetka, Hunsgi and Kurnool are located.
Answer: Bhimbetka is in Madhya Pradesh, Hunsgi is in Karnataka and Kurnool is in Andhra Pradesh.
Q 3. Why did the hunter-gatherers travel from place to place? In what ways are these similar to/different from the reasons for which we travel today?
Answer: Hunter- gatherers travelled from one place to another in search of food. When food at one place is exhausted then they travel to another place where they can find the food. Now a days, people travel not for food but for other reasons such as:
(i) they like travelling
(ii) they want to explore new places
(iii) they travel to meet relatives and friends
Q 4. What tools would you use today for cutting fruit? What would they be made of?
Answer: The tool we use for cutting fruit is Knife. It is made of stainless steel.
Q 5. List three ways in which hunter-gatherers used fire (see page 16). Would you use fire for any of these purposes today?
Answer: Earlier hunter gatherers used fire for:
• To Cook food.
• To scare away animals.
• As a source of light.
Yes, We do use fire for cooking.
Q 6. Make two columns in your notebook. In the left hand column, list the foods hunter- gatherers ate. In the right hand column, list some of the foods you eat. Do you notice any similarities/differences.
|Column I |
Food eaten by early man
|Column II |
Food eaten by modern man
|Fruit, roots, nuts, seeds, leaves, stalks, eggs, meat||Processed food like bread, pizza, ice-cream, etc. along with unprocessed food like fruit.|
Differences between the two eating habits: Today, we largely eat processed and cooked food, whereas the early people did not cook their food. They ate everything raw.
Q 7. If you had a natural pebble like the ones shown on page 13 in the textbook, what would you use it for?
Answer: Today, we would like to use such pebbles for chopping fruits and roots.
Q 8. List two tasks that are performed by both men and women at present. List another two that are performed only by women, and two that are performed only by men. Compare your list with that of any two of your classmates. Do you notice any similarities/differences in your lists?
Two tasks that are performed by both men and women:
(b) office jobs
Two tasks that are performed by only men:
(b) Working in a shipyard
Two tasks that are performed by only women:
(b) Looking after home and hearth
Compare your lists yourself.