NCERT Solutions: Unit 5 - Relatives, English Communicative, Class 10 | EduRev Notes

English Grammar (Communicative) Interact In English Class 10

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Class 10 : NCERT Solutions: Unit 5 - Relatives, English Communicative, Class 10 | EduRev Notes

The document NCERT Solutions: Unit 5 - Relatives, English Communicative, Class 10 | EduRev Notes is a part of the Class 10 Course English Grammar (Communicative) Interact In English Class 10.
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A-1 Match the items in A with their definitions.

A

B

1. A dermatologist is

a) an instrument which measures temperature.

2. A cassock is

b) a place where grains are stored.

3. A thermometer is

c) a doctor who treats skin diseases.

4. A granary is

d) a gown which is worn by a priest.

5. A widower is

e) an animal which lives both on land and in water.

6. A tragedy is

f) a disease which causes loss of memory.

7. Amnesia is

g) a play which has sad or tragic ending.

8. An amphibian is

h) an instrument for viewing minute objects.

9. A microscope is

i) a man whose wife is dead.

Answer:
1. A dermatologist is - c) a doctor who treats skin diseases.
2. A cassock is - d) a gown which is worn by a priest.
3. A thermometer is - a) an instrument which measures temperature.
4. A granary is - b) a place where grains are stored.
5. A widower is - i) a man whose wife is dead.
6. A tragedy is - g) a play which has sad or tragic ending.
7. Amnesia is - f) a disease which causes loss of memory.
8. An amphibian is - e) an animal which lives both on land and in water.
9. A microscope is - h) an instrument for viewing minute objects. 

A-2 Quiz
 Working in pairs, make six questions like the ones given below:

1. What is the name of the tree which ........... ?
 2. What is the name of the island where ........... ?
 3. What is the name of the person who ........... ?
 4. What is the name of the play which ........... ?
 5. What is the name of the stadium where ........... ?
 6. What is the name of the product which ........... ?
 Now each pair will ask three of their questions to the rest of the class.

Answer:
1. What is the name of the tree which is worshipped?
2. What is the name of the island where Coral leaves are found?
3. What is the name of the person who invented school?
4. What is the name of the play which you watched last Sunday?
5. What is the name of the stadium where India won World Cup?
6. What is the name of the product which you asked for?

A-3 Read the following questions silently and then

a) underline the relative;

b) circle the word or phrase which the relative refers to;

c) in pairs, discuss why you think there are commas in four of these sentences.

1) An oculist is a person who treats eye diseases.
2) Ishita's brother, who is an architect, said the house needs a proper security system.
3) Copper, which is an element, is mixed with zinc to make brass.
4) The shed where aeroplanes are housed is called a hangar.
5) The Indian cricket team is flying to Chennai, where 2011 world cup's last league match is going to be played.
6) Chanakya, whose disciple was Chandragupta, was a teacher of Economics and Political science in Takshashila University.
7) The countries that export petroleum are planning to hike the price.

Sentences two, three, five and six have commas because

Answer: 
1) An NCERT Solutions: Unit 5 - Relatives, English Communicative, Class 10 | EduRev Notes is a person who treats eye diseases.
2)NCERT Solutions: Unit 5 - Relatives, English Communicative, Class 10 | EduRev Notes who is an architect, said the house needs a proper security system.
3)NCERT Solutions: Unit 5 - Relatives, English Communicative, Class 10 | EduRev Noteswhich is an element, is mixed with zinc to make brass.
4) The NCERT Solutions: Unit 5 - Relatives, English Communicative, Class 10 | EduRev Notes where aeroplanes are housed is called a hangar.
5) The Indian cricket team is flying to NCERT Solutions: Unit 5 - Relatives, English Communicative, Class 10 | EduRev Noteswhere 2011 world cup's last league match is going to be played.
6) NCERT Solutions: Unit 5 - Relatives, English Communicative, Class 10 | EduRev Noteswhose disciple was Chandragupta, was a teacher of Economics and Political science in Takshashila University.
7) The NCERT Solutions: Unit 5 - Relatives, English Communicative, Class 10 | EduRev Notes that export petroleum are planning to hike the price.

Sentences two, three, five and six have commas because they are non-defining relative clauses.

A-4 Use who*, whose, where, or which to complete each sentence below.

  1. That well built boy ___ I met at the sports meet is a famous hockey player.
  2. Aditya, __ mother got an award for the best teacher, is my nephew.
  3. The great Bengal tiger, __ is found in India, is rapidly becoming a threatened species.
  4. Kailash Mansarovar, a holy place in Tibet and __ many Indian pilgrims go in May, is very difficult to get to.
  5. Teachers __ have taught Arnav say that he is an exceptionally creative student.
  6. Interviewers tend to prefer candidates __ have well rounded personalities.

Ans.

  1. That well built boy _who/whom__ I met at the sports meet is a famous hockey player.
  2. Aditya, _whose_ mother got an award for the best teacher, is my nephew.
  3. The great Bengal tiger, _which_ is found in India, is rapidly becoming a threatened species.
  4. Kailash Mansarovar, a holy place in Tibet and _where_ many Indian pilgrims go in May, is very difficult to get to.
  5. Teachers _who_ have taught Arnav say that he is an exceptionally creative student.
  6. Interviewers tend to prefer candidates _who_ have well rounded personalities.

A-5 Read the following sentences and punctuate them, using commas where necessary.

1. Tushar who is my best friend is studying in Cornell University, USA.
 2. Konark where we are going for our next excursion is famous for its sun temple.
 3. Mr Misra who was in the US has started his own business in New Delhi.
 4. Yesterday I met Saina Nehwal who is a famous badminton player.
 5. Popeye likes to eat lots of spinach which contains iron.

Answer:
1. Tushar, who is my best friend, is studying in Cornell University, USA.
2. Konark, where we are going for our next excursion, is famous for its sun temple. 
3. Mr Misra, who was in the US, has started his own business in New Delhi.
4. Yesterday I met Saina Nehwal who is a famous badminton player.
5. Popeye likes to eat lots of spinach which contains iron.

A-7 Read the following sentences. There are errors is some of them. Underline the error and write the word in the space provided. Put a ✓ if there is no error.
1. The bus who goes to the station is a low-floor bus.        ____
2. The man which was here a little while ago is a minister. ____
3. That's the house where the poet was born.                      _____
4. The bird whose lays the biggest egg is the ostrich.        ____
5. Karn, where home is in Gurgaon, is studying in Manipal. __ 

Answer: 
1. The bus who goes to the station is a low-floor bus.        __that__
2. The man which was here a little while ago is a minister. __who__
3. That's the house where the poet was born.                      _____
4. The bird whose lays the biggest egg is the ostrich.        _who___
5. Karn, where home is in Gurgaon, is studying in Manipal. _whose

B. Reduced relatives

B-1 Read the following sentences aloud to your partner without the relative as shown in the example.

1. I found the book which I wanted to read.
 2. The boy who I met at the hotel is a wonderful magician.
 3. This is the best movie that I've ever seen.
 4. The girl who is talking to Mr. Mallya is the pilot.
 5. Silk sarees which are made in Banaras are popular all over the world.

Answer:
1. I found the book I wanted to read.
2. The boy  I met at the hotel is a wonderful magician.
3. This is the best movie  I've ever seen.
4. The girl  is talking to Mr. Mallya is the pilot.
5. Silk sarees  are made in Banaras are popular all over the world.

B-2 The following newspaper article about Patliputra contains some errors correct the article (In some places relatives need to be added; in other places, reduced relatives can be used).

The fourth century BC city is believed to have existed _________ between 320 BC and AD 550 was ruled by the Mauryan and later the Gupta dynasties.
 Magasthenes spent many years as an ambassador to ________ Patliputra wrote a book who is titled 'Indika'. The city, ______ who was encircled by a deep moat, had a fortified wall. _________
 Ashoka, adopted Buddhism, provided _______ inns, hospitals and veterinary centres whom _________ helped the common people
 This was which the first Buddhist monuments came to be built.________

Answer:

Pataliputra 
fourth century BC city / is believed to have existed           A, which
between 320 BC and AD 550 was ruled by the Mauryan and       
later the Gupta dynasties. 
Magasthenes / spent many years as an ambassador towho
Patliputra wrote a book  is titled 'Indika'. The city,which
 was encircled by a deep moat, had a fortified wall.which
Ashoka, adopted Buddhism, providedwho
inns, hospitals and veterinary centres that
helped the common people 
This was  the first Buddhist monuments came to be built.       where

B-3 Salsette Island

You have been asked to write an encyclopaedia entry about Salsette Island. Study the following notes. The information is jumbled up. Put the notes in logical order and then link them together using appropriate relatives (or reduced forms), articles, verbs etc. Do not make your sentences too long.

Answer:
1.  Salsette Island, a large island, lies on India's west coast of Maharashtra state, is the 14th most populous island in the world.
2.  It consists of several small islands. North part which faces Mumbai has Borivali national park in this island. Its South part which faces Thane district has national park which is the biggest city national park in the world.
3. Most of its area is hilly. The highest point is about 450 metres above sea level. The island which has many beaches, lies in an earthquake prone zone.

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