Relatives NCERT Solutions | English Grammar (Communicative) Interact In English Class 10 PDF Download

A-1 Match the items in A with their definitions.

A

B

1. A dermatologist is

a) an instrument which measures temperature.

2. A cassock is

b) a place where grains are stored.

3. A thermometer is

c) a doctor who treats skin diseases.

4. A granary is

d) a gown which is worn by a priest.

5. A widower is

e) an animal which lives both on land and in water.

6. A tragedy is

f) a disease which causes loss of memory.

7. Amnesia is

g) a play which has sad or tragic ending.

8. An amphibian is

h) an instrument for viewing minute objects.

9. A microscope is

i) a man whose wife is dead.

Answer:
1. A dermatologist is - c) a doctor who treats skin diseases.
2. A cassock is - d) a gown which is worn by a priest.
3. A thermometer is - a) an instrument which measures temperature.
4. A granary is - b) a place where grains are stored.
5. A widower is - i) a man whose wife is dead.
6. A tragedy is - g) a play which has sad or tragic ending.
7. Amnesia is - f) a disease which causes loss of memory.
8. An amphibian is - e) an animal which lives both on land and in water.
9. A microscope is - h) an instrument for viewing minute objects. 

A-2 Quiz
 Working in pairs, make six questions like the ones given below:

1. What is the name of the tree which ........... ?
 2. What is the name of the island where ........... ?
 3. What is the name of the person who ........... ?
 4. What is the name of the play which ........... ?
 5. What is the name of the stadium where ........... ?
 6. What is the name of the product which ........... ?
 Now each pair will ask three of their questions to the rest of the class.

Answer:
1. What is the name of the tree which is worshipped?
2. What is the name of the island where Coral leaves are found?
3. What is the name of the person who invented school?
4. What is the name of the play which you watched last Sunday?
5. What is the name of the stadium where India won World Cup?
6. What is the name of the product which you asked for?

A-3 Read the following questions silently and then

a) underline the relative;

b) circle the word or phrase which the relative refers to;

c) in pairs, discuss why you think there are commas in four of these sentences.

1) An oculist is a person who treats eye diseases.
2) Ishita's brother, who is an architect, said the house needs a proper security system.
3) Copper, which is an element, is mixed with zinc to make brass.
4) The shed where aeroplanes are housed is called a hangar.
5) The Indian cricket team is flying to Chennai, where 2011 world cup's last league match is going to be played.
6) Chanakya, whose disciple was Chandragupta, was a teacher of Economics and Political science in Takshashila University.
7) The countries that export petroleum are planning to hike the price.

Sentences two, three, five and six have commas because

Answer: 
1) An Relatives NCERT Solutions | English Grammar (Communicative) Interact In English Class 10 is a person who treats eye diseases.
2)Relatives NCERT Solutions | English Grammar (Communicative) Interact In English Class 10 who is an architect, said the house needs a proper security system.
3)Relatives NCERT Solutions | English Grammar (Communicative) Interact In English Class 10which is an element, is mixed with zinc to make brass.
4) The Relatives NCERT Solutions | English Grammar (Communicative) Interact In English Class 10 where aeroplanes are housed is called a hangar.
5) The Indian cricket team is flying to Relatives NCERT Solutions | English Grammar (Communicative) Interact In English Class 10where 2011 world cup's last league match is going to be played.
6) Relatives NCERT Solutions | English Grammar (Communicative) Interact In English Class 10whose disciple was Chandragupta, was a teacher of Economics and Political science in Takshashila University.
7) The Relatives NCERT Solutions | English Grammar (Communicative) Interact In English Class 10 that export petroleum are planning to hike the price.

Sentences two, three, five and six have commas because they are non-defining relative clauses.

A-4 Use who*, whose, where, or which to complete each sentence below.

  1. That well built boy ___ I met at the sports meet is a famous hockey player.
  2. Aditya, __ mother got an award for the best teacher, is my nephew.
  3. The great Bengal tiger, __ is found in India, is rapidly becoming a threatened species.
  4. Kailash Mansarovar, a holy place in Tibet and __ many Indian pilgrims go in May, is very difficult to get to.
  5. Teachers __ have taught Arnav say that he is an exceptionally creative student.
  6. Interviewers tend to prefer candidates __ have well rounded personalities.

Ans.

  1. That well built boy _who/whom__ I met at the sports meet is a famous hockey player.
  2. Aditya, _whose_ mother got an award for the best teacher, is my nephew.
  3. The great Bengal tiger, _which_ is found in India, is rapidly becoming a threatened species.
  4. Kailash Mansarovar, a holy place in Tibet and _where_ many Indian pilgrims go in May, is very difficult to get to.
  5. Teachers _who_ have taught Arnav say that he is an exceptionally creative student.
  6. Interviewers tend to prefer candidates _who_ have well rounded personalities.

A-5 Read the following sentences and punctuate them, using commas where necessary.

1. Tushar who is my best friend is studying in Cornell University, USA.
 2. Konark where we are going for our next excursion is famous for its sun temple.
 3. Mr Misra who was in the US has started his own business in New Delhi.
 4. Yesterday I met Saina Nehwal who is a famous badminton player.
 5. Popeye likes to eat lots of spinach which contains iron.

Answer:
1. Tushar, who is my best friend, is studying in Cornell University, USA.
2. Konark, where we are going for our next excursion, is famous for its sun temple. 
3. Mr Misra, who was in the US, has started his own business in New Delhi.
4. Yesterday I met Saina Nehwal who is a famous badminton player.
5. Popeye likes to eat lots of spinach which contains iron.

A-7 Read the following sentences. There are errors is some of them. Underline the error and write the word in the space provided. Put a ✓ if there is no error.
1. The bus who goes to the station is a low-floor bus.        ____
2. The man which was here a little while ago is a minister. ____
3. That's the house where the poet was born.                      _____
4. The bird whose lays the biggest egg is the ostrich.        ____
5. Karn, where home is in Gurgaon, is studying in Manipal. __ 

Answer: 
1. The bus who goes to the station is a low-floor bus.        __that__
2. The man which was here a little while ago is a minister. __who__
3. That's the house where the poet was born.                      _____
4. The bird whose lays the biggest egg is the ostrich.        _who___
5. Karn, where home is in Gurgaon, is studying in Manipal. _whose

B. Reduced relatives

B-1 Read the following sentences aloud to your partner without the relative as shown in the example.

1. I found the book which I wanted to read.
 2. The boy who I met at the hotel is a wonderful magician.
 3. This is the best movie that I've ever seen.
 4. The girl who is talking to Mr. Mallya is the pilot.
 5. Silk sarees which are made in Banaras are popular all over the world.

Answer:
1. I found the book I wanted to read.
2. The boy  I met at the hotel is a wonderful magician.
3. This is the best movie  I've ever seen.
4. The girl  is talking to Mr. Mallya is the pilot.
5. Silk sarees  are made in Banaras are popular all over the world.

B-2 The following newspaper article about Patliputra contains some errors correct the article (In some places relatives need to be added; in other places, reduced relatives can be used).

The fourth century BC city is believed to have existed _________ between 320 BC and AD 550 was ruled by the Mauryan and later the Gupta dynasties.
 Magasthenes spent many years as an ambassador to ________ Patliputra wrote a book who is titled 'Indika'. The city, ______ who was encircled by a deep moat, had a fortified wall. _________
 Ashoka, adopted Buddhism, provided _______ inns, hospitals and veterinary centres whom _________ helped the common people
 This was which the first Buddhist monuments came to be built.________

Answer:

Pataliputra 
fourth century BC city / is believed to have existed           A, which
between 320 BC and AD 550 was ruled by the Mauryan and       
later the Gupta dynasties. 
Magasthenes / spent many years as an ambassador towho
Patliputra wrote a book  is titled 'Indika'. The city,which
 was encircled by a deep moat, had a fortified wall.which
Ashoka, adopted Buddhism, providedwho
inns, hospitals and veterinary centres that
helped the common people 
This was  the first Buddhist monuments came to be built.       where

B-3 Salsette Island

You have been asked to write an encyclopaedia entry about Salsette Island. Study the following notes. The information is jumbled up. Put the notes in logical order and then link them together using appropriate relatives (or reduced forms), articles, verbs etc. Do not make your sentences too long.

Answer:
1.  Salsette Island, a large island, lies on India's west coast of Maharashtra state, is the 14th most populous island in the world.
2.  It consists of several small islands. North part which faces Mumbai has Borivali national park in this island. Its South part which faces Thane district has national park which is the biggest city national park in the world.
3. Most of its area is hilly. The highest point is about 450 metres above sea level. The island which has many beaches, lies in an earthquake prone zone.

The document Relatives NCERT Solutions | English Grammar (Communicative) Interact In English Class 10 is a part of the Class 10 Course English Grammar (Communicative) Interact In English Class 10.
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FAQs on Relatives NCERT Solutions - English Grammar (Communicative) Interact In English Class 10

1. What is the importance of studying the chapter 'Relatives' in Class 10?
Ans. The chapter 'Relatives' in Class 10 explains the significance of family relations and the various types of relatives. It teaches students about the importance of maintaining family ties and responsibilities towards family members. Thus, studying this chapter helps students understand the value of family and relationships, which is essential for their personal and social growth.
2. What are the different types of relatives discussed in the chapter 'Relatives' in Class 10?
Ans. The chapter 'Relatives' in Class 10 discusses various types of relatives, including paternal and maternal relatives, siblings, cousins, and extended family members. It explains the relationship between each type of relative and the specific terms used to refer to them. The chapter also highlights the importance of maintaining good relations with all types of relatives.
3. How can the knowledge of the chapter 'Relatives' be applied in real life?
Ans. The knowledge of the chapter 'Relatives' can be applied in real life by understanding the importance of maintaining family relationships and obligations. Students can use this knowledge to learn more about their family history and traditions, and to develop a deeper understanding of their family members. This knowledge can also help students to be more respectful and considerate towards their relatives, which can strengthen their family ties.
4. What are some common challenges faced by families in maintaining good relationships with relatives?
Ans. Families often face challenges in maintaining good relationships with relatives due to various reasons such as distance, lack of communication, misunderstandings, and differences in opinions or values. Financial constraints, cultural differences, and busy lifestyles can also affect family relationships. However, by making an effort to stay connected, communicating regularly, and showing respect and compassion towards each other, families can overcome these challenges and maintain strong relationships.
5. How can one improve their relationship with a difficult relative?
Ans. Improving a relationship with a difficult relative requires patience, understanding, and effective communication. One should try to understand the reasons behind the difficult behavior and avoid reacting in a negative or confrontational manner. It is essential to listen to their perspective and concerns and try to find common ground. One can also involve a neutral third party, such as a family counselor, to help mediate the situation. Ultimately, one should make an effort to maintain a positive and respectful attitude towards the difficult relative to improve the relationship over time.
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