Class 6  >  NCERT Textbooks & Solutions for Class 6  >  NCERT Summary: New Questions & Ideas

NCERT Summary: New Questions & Ideas - Notes | Study NCERT Textbooks & Solutions for Class 6 - Class 6

Table of contents
The story of the Buddha
1 Crore+ students have signed up on EduRev. Have you?

The story of the Buddha

  • Siddhartha, also known as Gautama, the founder of Buddhism, was born about 2500 years ago.
  • He belonged to a small gana known as the Sakya gana, and was a kshatriya.
  • When he was a young man, he left the comforts of his home in search of knowledge.
  • He wandered for several years and meditated for days on end under a peepal tree at Bodh Gaya in Bihar, where he attained enlightenment. 
    • After that, he was known as the Buddha or the Wise One.
  • He then went to Sarnath, near Varanasi, where he taught for the first time.
  • He spent the rest of his life travelling on foot, going from place to place, teaching people, till he passed away at Kusinara.
  • The Buddha taught that life is full of suffering and unhappiness which is caused because we have cravings and desires.
  • The Buddha taught in the language of the ordinary people, Prakrit, so that everybody could understand his message.

Upanishads

  • These were part of the later Vedic texts.
  • Upanishad literally means ‘approaching and sitting near’.
  • They described the atman or the individual soul and the brahman or the universal soul that ultimately, were one.
  • Most Upanishadic thinkers were men, especially brahmins and rajas. 
    • There were also few women thinkers such as Gargi, who was famous for her learning, and participated in debates held in royal courts.

Jainism

  • The last and 24th tirthankara of the Jainas, Vardhamana Mahavira was the most famous among all thinkers.
  • He was a kshatriya prince of the Lichchhavis, a group that was part of the Vajji sangha.
  • Followers of Mahavira, who were known as Jainas, had to lead very simple lives, begging for food.
  • They had to be absolutely honest, and were especially asked not to steal.
  • Jainism was supported mainly by traders.
  • Over hundreds of years, Jainism spread to different parts of north India, and to Gujarat, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka.
  • The teachings of Mahavira and his followers were transmitted orally for several centuries.
    • They were written down in the form in which they are presently available at a place called Valabhi, in Gujarat, about 1500 years ago

The sangha

  • Both the Mahavira and the Buddha felt that only those who left their homes could gain true knowledge.
  • They arranged for them to stay together in the sangha, an association of those who left their homes.
  • Men and women who joined the sangha led simple lives.
    • They meditated for most of the time and went to cities and villages to beg for food during fixed hours.
    • That is why they were known as bhikkhus and bhikkhunis.

Monasteries

  • Both Jaina and Buddhist monks went from place to place throughout the year, teaching people.
  • Many supporters of the monks and nuns, and they themselves felt the need for more permanent shelters and so monasteries were built.
  • These were known as viharas.
  • The land on which the vihara was built was donated by a rich merchant or a landowner, or the king.
  • The local people came with gifts of food, clothing and medicines for the monks and nuns.
The document NCERT Summary: New Questions & Ideas - Notes | Study NCERT Textbooks & Solutions for Class 6 - Class 6 is a part of the Class 6 Course NCERT Textbooks & Solutions for Class 6.
All you need of Class 6 at this link: Class 6
356 docs
Download as PDF

Download free EduRev App

Track your progress, build streaks, highlight & save important lessons and more!

Related Searches

study material

,

Free

,

NCERT Summary: New Questions & Ideas - Notes | Study NCERT Textbooks & Solutions for Class 6 - Class 6

,

Viva Questions

,

practice quizzes

,

shortcuts and tricks

,

Exam

,

ppt

,

Summary

,

mock tests for examination

,

NCERT Summary: New Questions & Ideas - Notes | Study NCERT Textbooks & Solutions for Class 6 - Class 6

,

MCQs

,

Sample Paper

,

Extra Questions

,

Objective type Questions

,

past year papers

,

Semester Notes

,

Previous Year Questions with Solutions

,

Important questions

,

NCERT Summary: New Questions & Ideas - Notes | Study NCERT Textbooks & Solutions for Class 6 - Class 6

,

pdf

,

video lectures

;