NCERT Textbook: पाठ 10 - बड़े भाई साहब, सपर्श II, हिंदी, कक्षा - 10 Class 10 Notes | EduRev

Hindi Class 10

Class 10 : NCERT Textbook: पाठ 10 - बड़े भाई साहब, सपर्श II, हिंदी, कक्षा - 10 Class 10 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


x| [kaM
vk/qfud Hkkjr dh laLÑfr ,d fodflr 'krny dey osQ
leku gS ftldk ,d&,d ny ,d&,d izkarh; Hkk"kk vkSj
mldh lkfgR;&laLÑfr gSA fdlh ,d dks feVk nsus ls ml
dey dh 'kksHkk gh u"V gks tk,xhA ge pkgrs gSa fd Hkkjr dh
lc izkarh; cksfy;k¡ ftuesa lqanj lkfgR; l`f"V gqbZ gS] vius&vius
?kj esa (izkar esa) jkuh cudj jgsa] vkSj vk/qfud Hkk"kkvksa osQ gkj
dh eè; ef.k fganh Hkkjr Hkkjrh gksdj fojktrh jgsA
johaæukFk BkoqQj
© NCERT
not to be republished
Page 2


x| [kaM
vk/qfud Hkkjr dh laLÑfr ,d fodflr 'krny dey osQ
leku gS ftldk ,d&,d ny ,d&,d izkarh; Hkk"kk vkSj
mldh lkfgR;&laLÑfr gSA fdlh ,d dks feVk nsus ls ml
dey dh 'kksHkk gh u"V gks tk,xhA ge pkgrs gSa fd Hkkjr dh
lc izkarh; cksfy;k¡ ftuesa lqanj lkfgR; l`f"V gqbZ gS] vius&vius
?kj esa (izkar esa) jkuh cudj jgsa] vkSj vk/qfud Hkk"kkvksa osQ gkj
dh eè; ef.k fganh Hkkjr Hkkjrh gksdj fojktrh jgsA
johaæukFk BkoqQj
© NCERT
not to be republished
31 tqykbZ 1880 dks cukjl osQ djhc yegh xk¡o esa tUes /uir jk; us mnZw
esa uokc jk; vkSj ¯gnh esa izsepan uke ls ys[ku dk;Z fd;kA futh O;ogkj vkSj
i=kkpkj /uir jk; uke ls gh djrs jgsA mnwZ esa izdkf'kr igyk dgkuh laxzg
^lks”ksoru* vaxzs”k ljdkj us tCr dj fy;kA vkthfodk osQ fy, LowQy ekLVjh]
baLisDVjh] eSustjh djus osQ vykok bUgksaus ^gal*] ^ek/qjh* tSlh izeq[k if=kdkvksa
dk laiknu Hkh fd;kA oqQN le; cacbZ (eqacbZ) dh fI
+
kQYe uxjh esa Hkh fcrk;k
ysfdu og mUgsa jkl ugha vkbZA ;|fi mudh dbZ Ñfr;ksa ij ;knxkj fI
+
kQYesa
cuhaA
vke vkneh osQ nq[k&nnZ osQ cstksM+ fprsjs izsepan dks muosQ thou dky
esa gh dFkk lezkV] miU;kl lezkV dgk tkus yxk FkkA mUgksaus fganh dFkk ys[ku
dh ifjikVh iwjh rjg cny Mkyh FkhA viuh jpukvksa esa mUgksaus mu yksxksa dks
izeq[k ik=k cukdj lkfgR; esa txg nh ftUgsa thou vkSj txr esa osQoy
izrkM+uk vkSj ykaNu gh feys FksA
8 vDrwcj 1936 esa mudk nsgkolku gqvkA izsepan us ftruh Hkh dgkfu;k¡
fy[kha os lc ekuljksoj 'kh"kZd ls vkB [kaMksa esa ladfyr gSaA muosQ izeq[k
miU;kl gSaµxksnku] xcu] izsekJe] lsoklnu] fueZyk] deZHkwfe] jaxHkwfe] dk;kdYi]
izfrKk vkSj eaxylw=k (viw.kZ)A
izsepan
(1880-1936)
© NCERT
not to be republished
Page 3


x| [kaM
vk/qfud Hkkjr dh laLÑfr ,d fodflr 'krny dey osQ
leku gS ftldk ,d&,d ny ,d&,d izkarh; Hkk"kk vkSj
mldh lkfgR;&laLÑfr gSA fdlh ,d dks feVk nsus ls ml
dey dh 'kksHkk gh u"V gks tk,xhA ge pkgrs gSa fd Hkkjr dh
lc izkarh; cksfy;k¡ ftuesa lqanj lkfgR; l`f"V gqbZ gS] vius&vius
?kj esa (izkar esa) jkuh cudj jgsa] vkSj vk/qfud Hkk"kkvksa osQ gkj
dh eè; ef.k fganh Hkkjr Hkkjrh gksdj fojktrh jgsA
johaæukFk BkoqQj
© NCERT
not to be republished
31 tqykbZ 1880 dks cukjl osQ djhc yegh xk¡o esa tUes /uir jk; us mnZw
esa uokc jk; vkSj ¯gnh esa izsepan uke ls ys[ku dk;Z fd;kA futh O;ogkj vkSj
i=kkpkj /uir jk; uke ls gh djrs jgsA mnwZ esa izdkf'kr igyk dgkuh laxzg
^lks”ksoru* vaxzs”k ljdkj us tCr dj fy;kA vkthfodk osQ fy, LowQy ekLVjh]
baLisDVjh] eSustjh djus osQ vykok bUgksaus ^gal*] ^ek/qjh* tSlh izeq[k if=kdkvksa
dk laiknu Hkh fd;kA oqQN le; cacbZ (eqacbZ) dh fI
+
kQYe uxjh esa Hkh fcrk;k
ysfdu og mUgsa jkl ugha vkbZA ;|fi mudh dbZ Ñfr;ksa ij ;knxkj fI
+
kQYesa
cuhaA
vke vkneh osQ nq[k&nnZ osQ cstksM+ fprsjs izsepan dks muosQ thou dky
esa gh dFkk lezkV] miU;kl lezkV dgk tkus yxk FkkA mUgksaus fganh dFkk ys[ku
dh ifjikVh iwjh rjg cny Mkyh FkhA viuh jpukvksa esa mUgksaus mu yksxksa dks
izeq[k ik=k cukdj lkfgR; esa txg nh ftUgsa thou vkSj txr esa osQoy
izrkM+uk vkSj ykaNu gh feys FksA
8 vDrwcj 1936 esa mudk nsgkolku gqvkA izsepan us ftruh Hkh dgkfu;k¡
fy[kha os lc ekuljksoj 'kh"kZd ls vkB [kaMksa esa ladfyr gSaA muosQ izeq[k
miU;kl gSaµxksnku] xcu] izsekJe] lsoklnu] fueZyk] deZHkwfe] jaxHkwfe] dk;kdYi]
izfrKk vkSj eaxylw=k (viw.kZ)A
izsepan
(1880-1936)
© NCERT
not to be republished
54 / Li'kZ
ikB izos'k
vHkh rqe NksVs gks blfy, bl dke esa gkFk er MkyksA ;g lqurs gh dbZ ckj
cPpksa osQ eu esa vkrk gS dk'k] ge cM+s gksrs rks dksbZ gesa ;ksa u VksdrkA ysfdu
bl Hkqykos esa u jfg,xk] D;ksafd cM+s gksus ls oqQN Hkh djus dk vf/dkj ugha
fey tkrkA ?kj osQ cM+s dks dbZ ckj rks mu dkeksa esa 'kkfey gksus ls Hkh vius
dks jksduk iM+rk gS tks mlh mez osQ vkSj yM+osQ cs/M+d djrs jgrs gSaA tkurs
gks D;ksa] D;ksafd os yM+osQ vius ?kj esa fdlh ls cM+s ugha gksrsA
izLrqr ikB esa Hkh ,d cM+s HkkbZ lkgc gSa] tks gSa rks NksVs gh] ysfdu ?kj
esa muls NksVk ,d HkkbZ vkSj gSA mlls mez esa osQoy oqQN lky cM+k gksus osQ
dkj.k muls cM++h&cM+h vis{kk,¡ dh tkrh gSaA cM+k gksus osQ ukrs og [kqn Hkh ;gh
pkgrs vkSj dksf'k'k djrs gSa fd og tks oqQN Hkh djsa og NksVs HkkbZ osQ fy,
,d felky dk dke djsA bl vkn'kZ fLFkfr dks cuk, j[kus osQ isQj esa cM+s
HkkbZ lkgc dk cpiuk frjksfgr gks tkrk gSA
© NCERT
not to be republished
Page 4


x| [kaM
vk/qfud Hkkjr dh laLÑfr ,d fodflr 'krny dey osQ
leku gS ftldk ,d&,d ny ,d&,d izkarh; Hkk"kk vkSj
mldh lkfgR;&laLÑfr gSA fdlh ,d dks feVk nsus ls ml
dey dh 'kksHkk gh u"V gks tk,xhA ge pkgrs gSa fd Hkkjr dh
lc izkarh; cksfy;k¡ ftuesa lqanj lkfgR; l`f"V gqbZ gS] vius&vius
?kj esa (izkar esa) jkuh cudj jgsa] vkSj vk/qfud Hkk"kkvksa osQ gkj
dh eè; ef.k fganh Hkkjr Hkkjrh gksdj fojktrh jgsA
johaæukFk BkoqQj
© NCERT
not to be republished
31 tqykbZ 1880 dks cukjl osQ djhc yegh xk¡o esa tUes /uir jk; us mnZw
esa uokc jk; vkSj ¯gnh esa izsepan uke ls ys[ku dk;Z fd;kA futh O;ogkj vkSj
i=kkpkj /uir jk; uke ls gh djrs jgsA mnwZ esa izdkf'kr igyk dgkuh laxzg
^lks”ksoru* vaxzs”k ljdkj us tCr dj fy;kA vkthfodk osQ fy, LowQy ekLVjh]
baLisDVjh] eSustjh djus osQ vykok bUgksaus ^gal*] ^ek/qjh* tSlh izeq[k if=kdkvksa
dk laiknu Hkh fd;kA oqQN le; cacbZ (eqacbZ) dh fI
+
kQYe uxjh esa Hkh fcrk;k
ysfdu og mUgsa jkl ugha vkbZA ;|fi mudh dbZ Ñfr;ksa ij ;knxkj fI
+
kQYesa
cuhaA
vke vkneh osQ nq[k&nnZ osQ cstksM+ fprsjs izsepan dks muosQ thou dky
esa gh dFkk lezkV] miU;kl lezkV dgk tkus yxk FkkA mUgksaus fganh dFkk ys[ku
dh ifjikVh iwjh rjg cny Mkyh FkhA viuh jpukvksa esa mUgksaus mu yksxksa dks
izeq[k ik=k cukdj lkfgR; esa txg nh ftUgsa thou vkSj txr esa osQoy
izrkM+uk vkSj ykaNu gh feys FksA
8 vDrwcj 1936 esa mudk nsgkolku gqvkA izsepan us ftruh Hkh dgkfu;k¡
fy[kha os lc ekuljksoj 'kh"kZd ls vkB [kaMksa esa ladfyr gSaA muosQ izeq[k
miU;kl gSaµxksnku] xcu] izsekJe] lsoklnu] fueZyk] deZHkwfe] jaxHkwfe] dk;kdYi]
izfrKk vkSj eaxylw=k (viw.kZ)A
izsepan
(1880-1936)
© NCERT
not to be republished
54 / Li'kZ
ikB izos'k
vHkh rqe NksVs gks blfy, bl dke esa gkFk er MkyksA ;g lqurs gh dbZ ckj
cPpksa osQ eu esa vkrk gS dk'k] ge cM+s gksrs rks dksbZ gesa ;ksa u VksdrkA ysfdu
bl Hkqykos esa u jfg,xk] D;ksafd cM+s gksus ls oqQN Hkh djus dk vf/dkj ugha
fey tkrkA ?kj osQ cM+s dks dbZ ckj rks mu dkeksa esa 'kkfey gksus ls Hkh vius
dks jksduk iM+rk gS tks mlh mez osQ vkSj yM+osQ cs/M+d djrs jgrs gSaA tkurs
gks D;ksa] D;ksafd os yM+osQ vius ?kj esa fdlh ls cM+s ugha gksrsA
izLrqr ikB esa Hkh ,d cM+s HkkbZ lkgc gSa] tks gSa rks NksVs gh] ysfdu ?kj
esa muls NksVk ,d HkkbZ vkSj gSA mlls mez esa osQoy oqQN lky cM+k gksus osQ
dkj.k muls cM++h&cM+h vis{kk,¡ dh tkrh gSaA cM+k gksus osQ ukrs og [kqn Hkh ;gh
pkgrs vkSj dksf'k'k djrs gSa fd og tks oqQN Hkh djsa og NksVs HkkbZ osQ fy,
,d felky dk dke djsA bl vkn'kZ fLFkfr dks cuk, j[kus osQ isQj esa cM+s
HkkbZ lkgc dk cpiuk frjksfgr gks tkrk gSA
© NCERT
not to be republished
cM+s HkkbZ lkgc/55
cM+s HkkbZ lkgc
esjs HkkbZ lkgc eq>ls ik¡p lky cM+s]
ysfdu osQoy rhu njts vkxsA mUgksaus Hkh
mlh mez eas i<+uk 'kq: fd;k Fkk] tc
eSaus 'kq: fd;k ysfdu rkyhe tSls egÙo
osQ ekeys eas og tYnck”kh ls dke ysuk
ilan u djrs FksA bl Hkou dh cqfu;kn
[kwc e”kcwr Mkyuk pkgrs Fks] ftl ij
vkyh'kku egy cu losQA ,d lky dk
dke nks lky esa djrs FksA dHkh&dHkh
rhu lky Hkh yx tkrs FksA cqfu;kn gh
iq[rk u gks] rks edku oSQls ik;snkj cusA
eSa NksVk Fkk] og cM+s FksA esjh mez ukS lky dh Fkh] og pkSng lky osQ FksA mUgsa esjh rEchg
vkSj fuxjkuh dk iwjk vkSj tUefl¼ vfèkdkj Fkk vkSj esjh 'kkyhurk blh esa Fkh fd muosQ gqDe
dks dkuwu le>w¡A
og LoHkko ls cM+s vè;;u'khy FksA gjne fdrkc [kksys cSBs jgrs vkSj 'kk;n fnekx dks
vkjke nsus osQ fy, dHkh dkWih ij] fdrkc osQ gkf'k;ksa ij fpfM+;ksa] oqQÙkksa] fcfYy;ksa dh rlohjsa
cuk;k djrs FksA dHkh&dHkh ,d gh uke ;k 'kCn ;k okD; nl&chl ckj fy[k MkyrsA dHkh ,d
'ksj dks ckj&ckj lqanj v{kjksa eas udy djrsA dHkh ,slh 'kCn&jpuk djrs] ftlesa u dksbZ vFkZ
gksrk] u dksbZ lkeatL;A elyu ,d ckj mudh dkWih ij eSaus ;g bckjr ns[khµLis'ky] vehuk]
Hkkb;ksa&Hkkb;ksa] njvly] HkkbZ&HkkbZA jkèks';ke] Jh;qr jkèks';ke] ,d ?kaVs rdµblosQ ckn ,d
vkneh dk psgjk cuk gqvk FkkA eSaus cgqr ps"Vk dh fd bl igsyh dk dksbZ vFkZ fudkyw¡] ysfdu
vliQy jgkA vkSj muls iwNus dk lkgl u gqvkA og ukSoha tekr esa Fks] eSa ik¡poha esaA mudh
jpukvksa dks le>uk esjs fy, NksVk eq¡g cM+h ckr FkhA
© NCERT
not to be republished
Page 5


x| [kaM
vk/qfud Hkkjr dh laLÑfr ,d fodflr 'krny dey osQ
leku gS ftldk ,d&,d ny ,d&,d izkarh; Hkk"kk vkSj
mldh lkfgR;&laLÑfr gSA fdlh ,d dks feVk nsus ls ml
dey dh 'kksHkk gh u"V gks tk,xhA ge pkgrs gSa fd Hkkjr dh
lc izkarh; cksfy;k¡ ftuesa lqanj lkfgR; l`f"V gqbZ gS] vius&vius
?kj esa (izkar esa) jkuh cudj jgsa] vkSj vk/qfud Hkk"kkvksa osQ gkj
dh eè; ef.k fganh Hkkjr Hkkjrh gksdj fojktrh jgsA
johaæukFk BkoqQj
© NCERT
not to be republished
31 tqykbZ 1880 dks cukjl osQ djhc yegh xk¡o esa tUes /uir jk; us mnZw
esa uokc jk; vkSj ¯gnh esa izsepan uke ls ys[ku dk;Z fd;kA futh O;ogkj vkSj
i=kkpkj /uir jk; uke ls gh djrs jgsA mnwZ esa izdkf'kr igyk dgkuh laxzg
^lks”ksoru* vaxzs”k ljdkj us tCr dj fy;kA vkthfodk osQ fy, LowQy ekLVjh]
baLisDVjh] eSustjh djus osQ vykok bUgksaus ^gal*] ^ek/qjh* tSlh izeq[k if=kdkvksa
dk laiknu Hkh fd;kA oqQN le; cacbZ (eqacbZ) dh fI
+
kQYe uxjh esa Hkh fcrk;k
ysfdu og mUgsa jkl ugha vkbZA ;|fi mudh dbZ Ñfr;ksa ij ;knxkj fI
+
kQYesa
cuhaA
vke vkneh osQ nq[k&nnZ osQ cstksM+ fprsjs izsepan dks muosQ thou dky
esa gh dFkk lezkV] miU;kl lezkV dgk tkus yxk FkkA mUgksaus fganh dFkk ys[ku
dh ifjikVh iwjh rjg cny Mkyh FkhA viuh jpukvksa esa mUgksaus mu yksxksa dks
izeq[k ik=k cukdj lkfgR; esa txg nh ftUgsa thou vkSj txr esa osQoy
izrkM+uk vkSj ykaNu gh feys FksA
8 vDrwcj 1936 esa mudk nsgkolku gqvkA izsepan us ftruh Hkh dgkfu;k¡
fy[kha os lc ekuljksoj 'kh"kZd ls vkB [kaMksa esa ladfyr gSaA muosQ izeq[k
miU;kl gSaµxksnku] xcu] izsekJe] lsoklnu] fueZyk] deZHkwfe] jaxHkwfe] dk;kdYi]
izfrKk vkSj eaxylw=k (viw.kZ)A
izsepan
(1880-1936)
© NCERT
not to be republished
54 / Li'kZ
ikB izos'k
vHkh rqe NksVs gks blfy, bl dke esa gkFk er MkyksA ;g lqurs gh dbZ ckj
cPpksa osQ eu esa vkrk gS dk'k] ge cM+s gksrs rks dksbZ gesa ;ksa u VksdrkA ysfdu
bl Hkqykos esa u jfg,xk] D;ksafd cM+s gksus ls oqQN Hkh djus dk vf/dkj ugha
fey tkrkA ?kj osQ cM+s dks dbZ ckj rks mu dkeksa esa 'kkfey gksus ls Hkh vius
dks jksduk iM+rk gS tks mlh mez osQ vkSj yM+osQ cs/M+d djrs jgrs gSaA tkurs
gks D;ksa] D;ksafd os yM+osQ vius ?kj esa fdlh ls cM+s ugha gksrsA
izLrqr ikB esa Hkh ,d cM+s HkkbZ lkgc gSa] tks gSa rks NksVs gh] ysfdu ?kj
esa muls NksVk ,d HkkbZ vkSj gSA mlls mez esa osQoy oqQN lky cM+k gksus osQ
dkj.k muls cM++h&cM+h vis{kk,¡ dh tkrh gSaA cM+k gksus osQ ukrs og [kqn Hkh ;gh
pkgrs vkSj dksf'k'k djrs gSa fd og tks oqQN Hkh djsa og NksVs HkkbZ osQ fy,
,d felky dk dke djsA bl vkn'kZ fLFkfr dks cuk, j[kus osQ isQj esa cM+s
HkkbZ lkgc dk cpiuk frjksfgr gks tkrk gSA
© NCERT
not to be republished
cM+s HkkbZ lkgc/55
cM+s HkkbZ lkgc
esjs HkkbZ lkgc eq>ls ik¡p lky cM+s]
ysfdu osQoy rhu njts vkxsA mUgksaus Hkh
mlh mez eas i<+uk 'kq: fd;k Fkk] tc
eSaus 'kq: fd;k ysfdu rkyhe tSls egÙo
osQ ekeys eas og tYnck”kh ls dke ysuk
ilan u djrs FksA bl Hkou dh cqfu;kn
[kwc e”kcwr Mkyuk pkgrs Fks] ftl ij
vkyh'kku egy cu losQA ,d lky dk
dke nks lky esa djrs FksA dHkh&dHkh
rhu lky Hkh yx tkrs FksA cqfu;kn gh
iq[rk u gks] rks edku oSQls ik;snkj cusA
eSa NksVk Fkk] og cM+s FksA esjh mez ukS lky dh Fkh] og pkSng lky osQ FksA mUgsa esjh rEchg
vkSj fuxjkuh dk iwjk vkSj tUefl¼ vfèkdkj Fkk vkSj esjh 'kkyhurk blh esa Fkh fd muosQ gqDe
dks dkuwu le>w¡A
og LoHkko ls cM+s vè;;u'khy FksA gjne fdrkc [kksys cSBs jgrs vkSj 'kk;n fnekx dks
vkjke nsus osQ fy, dHkh dkWih ij] fdrkc osQ gkf'k;ksa ij fpfM+;ksa] oqQÙkksa] fcfYy;ksa dh rlohjsa
cuk;k djrs FksA dHkh&dHkh ,d gh uke ;k 'kCn ;k okD; nl&chl ckj fy[k MkyrsA dHkh ,d
'ksj dks ckj&ckj lqanj v{kjksa eas udy djrsA dHkh ,slh 'kCn&jpuk djrs] ftlesa u dksbZ vFkZ
gksrk] u dksbZ lkeatL;A elyu ,d ckj mudh dkWih ij eSaus ;g bckjr ns[khµLis'ky] vehuk]
Hkkb;ksa&Hkkb;ksa] njvly] HkkbZ&HkkbZA jkèks';ke] Jh;qr jkèks';ke] ,d ?kaVs rdµblosQ ckn ,d
vkneh dk psgjk cuk gqvk FkkA eSaus cgqr ps"Vk dh fd bl igsyh dk dksbZ vFkZ fudkyw¡] ysfdu
vliQy jgkA vkSj muls iwNus dk lkgl u gqvkA og ukSoha tekr esa Fks] eSa ik¡poha esaA mudh
jpukvksa dks le>uk esjs fy, NksVk eq¡g cM+h ckr FkhA
© NCERT
not to be republished
56 / Li'kZ
esjk th i<+us esa fcyoqQy u yxrk FkkA ,d ?kaVk Hkh fdrkc ysdj cSBuk igkM+ FkkA ekSdk ikrs
gh gksLVy ls fudydj eSnku esa vk tkrk vkSj dHkh oaQdfj;k¡ mNkyrk] dHkh dkx”k dh frrfy;k¡
mM+krk vkSj dgha dksbZ lkFkh fey x;k] rks iwNuk gh D;kA dHkh pkjnhokjh ij p<+dj uhps owQn
jgs gSaA dHkh iQkVd ij lokj] mls vkxs&ihNs pykrs gq, eksVjdkj dk vkuan mBk jgs gSa] ysfdu
dejs esa vkrs gh HkkbZ lkgc dk og #nz&:i ns[kdj izk.k lw[k tkrsA mudk igyk loky ;g
gksrkµ^dgk¡ Fks*\ ges'kk ;gh loky] blh èofu esa ges'kk iwNk tkrk Fkk vkSj bldk tokc esjs ikl
osQoy ekSu FkkA u tkus esjs eq¡g ls ;g ckr D;ksa u fudyrh fd ”kjk ckgj [ksy jgk FkkA esjk ekSu
dg nsrk Fkk fd eq>s viuk vijkèk Lohdkj gS vkSj HkkbZ lkgc osQ fy, mlosQ flok vkSj dksbZ
bykt u Fkk fd Lusg vkSj jks"k ls feys gq, 'kCnksa esa esjk lRdkj djsaA
¶bl rjg vaxzs”kh i<+ksxs] rks ¯”knxh&Hkj i<+rs jgksxs vkSj ,d gI
+
kZQ u vk,xkA vaxzs”kh i<+uk dksbZ
g¡lh&[ksy ugha gS fd tks pkgs] i<+ ys] ugha ,sjk&xSjk uRFkw&[kSjk lHkh vaxzs”kh osQ fo}ku gks tkrsA
;gk¡ jkr&fnu vk¡[ksa iQksM+uh iM+rh gSa vkSj [kwu tykuk iM+rk gS] rc dgha ;g fo|k vkrh gSA vkSj
vkrh D;k gS] gk¡ dgus dks vk tkrh gSA cM+s&cM+s fo}ku Hkh 'kq¼ vaxzs”kh ugha fy[k ldrs] cksyuk
rks nwj jgkA vkSj eSa dgrk gw¡] rqe fdrus ?kksa?kk gks fd eq>s ns[kdj Hkh lcd ugha ysrsA eSa fdruh
fegur djrk gw¡] ;g rqe viuh vk¡[kksa ls ns[krs gks] vxj ugha ns[krs] rks ;g rqEgkjh vk¡[kksa dk
dlwj gS] rqEgkjh cqf¼ dk dlwj gSA brus esys&rek'ks gksrs gSa] eq>s rqeus dHkh ns[kus tkrs ns[kk gS\
jks”k gh fØosQV vkSj gkWdh eSp gksrs gSaA eSa ikl ugha iQVdrkA ges'kk i<+rk jgrk gw¡A ml ij Hkh
,d&,d njts esa nks&nks] rhu&rhu lky iM+k jgrk gw¡] fiQj Hkh rqe oSQls vk'kk djrs gks fd rqe
;ksa [ksy&owQn esa oDr x¡okdj ikl gks tkvksxs\ eq>s rks nks gh rhu lky yxrs gSa] rqe mez&Hkj
blh njts esa iM+s lM+rs jgksxs\ vxj rqEgsa bl rjg mez x¡okuh gS] rks csgrj gS] ?kj pys tkvks
vkSj e”ks ls xqYyh&MaMk [ksyksA nknk dh xk<+h dekbZ osQ #i;s D;ksa cjckn djrs gks\¸
eSa ;g yrkM+ lqudj vk¡lw cgkus yxrkA tokc gh D;k FkkA vijkèk rks eSaus fd;k] yrkM+ dkSu
lgs\ HkkbZ lkgc mins'k dh dyk esa fuiq.k FksA ,slh&,slh yxrh ckrsa dgrs] ,sls&,sls lwfDr&ck.k
pykrs fd esjs ftxj osQ VqdM+s&VqdM+s gks tkrs vkSj fgEer VwV tkrhA bl rjg tku rksM+dj esgur
djus dh 'kfDr eSa vius esa u ikrk Fkk vkSj ml fujk'kk esa ”kjk nsj osQ fy, eSa lkspus yxrkµ^D;ksa
u ?kj pyk tkm¡QA tks dke esjs cwrs osQ ckgj gS] mlesa gkFk Mkydj D;ksa viuh ¯”knxh [kjkc
d:¡A* eq>s viuk ew[kZ jguk ea”kwj Fkk] ysfdu mruh esgur ls eq>s rks pDdj vk tkrk Fkk] ysfdu
?kaVs&nks ?kaVs osQ ckn fujk'kk osQ ckny iQV tkrs vkSj eSa bjknk djrk fd vkxs ls [kwc th yxkdj
i<+Â °xkA pViV ,d Vkbe&Vsfcy cuk MkyrkA fcuk igys ls uD'kk cuk, dksbZ Ldhe rS;kj fd,
dke oSQls 'kq: d:¡A Vkbe&Vsfcy esa [ksyowQn dh en fcyoqQy mM+ tkrhA izkr%dky N% cts
mBuk] eq¡g&gkFk èkks] uk'rk dj] i<+us cSB tkukA N% ls vkB rd vaxzs”kh] vkB ls ukS rd fglkc]
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