NCERT Textbook - From Market To Home Class 4 Notes | EduRev

EVS for Class 4

Created by: Yashina Kapoor

Class 4 : NCERT Textbook - From Market To Home Class 4 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


Day at night! Day at night! Day at night! Day at night! Day at night!
My name is Vaishali. My father is a
vegetable-seller. My whole family –
Amma, Bhaiya, Chhotu and I, help
him with his work. Can you guess at
what time we begin our work? At
3 o’clock in the morning. When most
people are fast asleep, we start our
work. Our day’s work begins when
Babuji, Amma, Bhaiya and I take out
the previous day’s vegetables from
the gunny bags and baskets. This is
to prepare for bringing the fresh
vegetables from the mandi.
Sometimes Chhotu also helps us.
As we finish doing this and are
having some tea, we hear the horn of
the tempo. It is time for Babuji , Bhaiya,
Chachu (uncle) and some others from
our street to leave for the mandi.
2019-20
Page 2


Day at night! Day at night! Day at night! Day at night! Day at night!
My name is Vaishali. My father is a
vegetable-seller. My whole family –
Amma, Bhaiya, Chhotu and I, help
him with his work. Can you guess at
what time we begin our work? At
3 o’clock in the morning. When most
people are fast asleep, we start our
work. Our day’s work begins when
Babuji, Amma, Bhaiya and I take out
the previous day’s vegetables from
the gunny bags and baskets. This is
to prepare for bringing the fresh
vegetables from the mandi.
Sometimes Chhotu also helps us.
As we finish doing this and are
having some tea, we hear the horn of
the tempo. It is time for Babuji , Bhaiya,
Chachu (uncle) and some others from
our street to leave for the mandi.
2019-20
Looking Around
120
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Does anyone in your house have to get up very early? What
time does he or she get up? Why do they need to get up so
early?
Preparing for the Day Preparing for the Day Preparing for the Day Preparing for the Day Preparing for the Day
While Babuji is
away, Amma,
Chhotu and I put the
previous day’s
vegetables on gunny
bags, and sprinkle
some water on
them. By 6.30  a.m.
Babuji is back from
the mandi with
baskets and sacks
full of fresh
vegetables. At that time our house looks more like a small
vegetable market! There are brinjals, potatoes, tomatoes, okra
(Bhindi), pumpkin, gourds, chillies and many other vegetables
all around. Everybody helps in sorting the vegetables. The
vegetables which are not fully ripe and ready to sell are kept
aside. We have to sort the vegetables fast,  so as to reach the
bazaar as early as possible.
For the teacher: Discuss the role of vegetable mandi with the students.
2019-20
Page 3


Day at night! Day at night! Day at night! Day at night! Day at night!
My name is Vaishali. My father is a
vegetable-seller. My whole family –
Amma, Bhaiya, Chhotu and I, help
him with his work. Can you guess at
what time we begin our work? At
3 o’clock in the morning. When most
people are fast asleep, we start our
work. Our day’s work begins when
Babuji, Amma, Bhaiya and I take out
the previous day’s vegetables from
the gunny bags and baskets. This is
to prepare for bringing the fresh
vegetables from the mandi.
Sometimes Chhotu also helps us.
As we finish doing this and are
having some tea, we hear the horn of
the tempo. It is time for Babuji , Bhaiya,
Chachu (uncle) and some others from
our street to leave for the mandi.
2019-20
Looking Around
120
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Does anyone in your house have to get up very early? What
time does he or she get up? Why do they need to get up so
early?
Preparing for the Day Preparing for the Day Preparing for the Day Preparing for the Day Preparing for the Day
While Babuji is
away, Amma,
Chhotu and I put the
previous day’s
vegetables on gunny
bags, and sprinkle
some water on
them. By 6.30  a.m.
Babuji is back from
the mandi with
baskets and sacks
full of fresh
vegetables. At that time our house looks more like a small
vegetable market! There are brinjals, potatoes, tomatoes, okra
(Bhindi), pumpkin, gourds, chillies and many other vegetables
all around. Everybody helps in sorting the vegetables. The
vegetables which are not fully ripe and ready to sell are kept
aside. We have to sort the vegetables fast,  so as to reach the
bazaar as early as possible.
For the teacher: Discuss the role of vegetable mandi with the students.
2019-20
From Market to Home
121
By 7 o’clock,
Babuji arranges all
the vegetables on the
handcart and leaves
for the bazaar. He
says that if he is late,
then his regular
buyers may buy
their vegetables from
someone else. As
soon as Babuji
leaves, I quickly get
ready as I have to
reach school by 7.30 a.m.
In the Bazaar In the Bazaar In the Bazaar In the Bazaar In the Bazaar
Chhotu attends school in the
afternoon. He rests for a while
and goes to the bazaar later
with food for Babuji and
Bhaiya. He stays with them at
the vegetable cart, until it is
time for him to go to school.
Sometimes he goes back after
school to help Babuji. Babuji
tries to see that the
previous day’s vegetables are
sold first.
2019-20
Page 4


Day at night! Day at night! Day at night! Day at night! Day at night!
My name is Vaishali. My father is a
vegetable-seller. My whole family –
Amma, Bhaiya, Chhotu and I, help
him with his work. Can you guess at
what time we begin our work? At
3 o’clock in the morning. When most
people are fast asleep, we start our
work. Our day’s work begins when
Babuji, Amma, Bhaiya and I take out
the previous day’s vegetables from
the gunny bags and baskets. This is
to prepare for bringing the fresh
vegetables from the mandi.
Sometimes Chhotu also helps us.
As we finish doing this and are
having some tea, we hear the horn of
the tempo. It is time for Babuji , Bhaiya,
Chachu (uncle) and some others from
our street to leave for the mandi.
2019-20
Looking Around
120
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Does anyone in your house have to get up very early? What
time does he or she get up? Why do they need to get up so
early?
Preparing for the Day Preparing for the Day Preparing for the Day Preparing for the Day Preparing for the Day
While Babuji is
away, Amma,
Chhotu and I put the
previous day’s
vegetables on gunny
bags, and sprinkle
some water on
them. By 6.30  a.m.
Babuji is back from
the mandi with
baskets and sacks
full of fresh
vegetables. At that time our house looks more like a small
vegetable market! There are brinjals, potatoes, tomatoes, okra
(Bhindi), pumpkin, gourds, chillies and many other vegetables
all around. Everybody helps in sorting the vegetables. The
vegetables which are not fully ripe and ready to sell are kept
aside. We have to sort the vegetables fast,  so as to reach the
bazaar as early as possible.
For the teacher: Discuss the role of vegetable mandi with the students.
2019-20
From Market to Home
121
By 7 o’clock,
Babuji arranges all
the vegetables on the
handcart and leaves
for the bazaar. He
says that if he is late,
then his regular
buyers may buy
their vegetables from
someone else. As
soon as Babuji
leaves, I quickly get
ready as I have to
reach school by 7.30 a.m.
In the Bazaar In the Bazaar In the Bazaar In the Bazaar In the Bazaar
Chhotu attends school in the
afternoon. He rests for a while
and goes to the bazaar later
with food for Babuji and
Bhaiya. He stays with them at
the vegetable cart, until it is
time for him to go to school.
Sometimes he goes back after
school to help Babuji. Babuji
tries to see that the
previous day’s vegetables are
sold first.
2019-20
Looking Around
122
Morning Morning Night
Vaishali Vaishali Vaishali
You You You
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö From where do you get vegetables for your home? Who brings
the vegetables?
Let us talk
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Babuji sells the previous day’s vegetables first. Why do you
think he does this?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Have you seen dried or spoilt vegetables? Where?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö How did you know that the vegetables were spoilt?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Chhotu is helping his family. What do you think Chhotu
has learnt from it?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö How do you help the elders in your family?
As the previous day’s vegetables get sold, Bhaiya takes out
fresh vegetables from the sacks and puts them in the cart. He
also keeps sprinkling water on the vegetables so that they do
not dry up, especially in summers. Babuji and Bhaiya return
home, after a long day, only around 10 o’clock at night. By then
Chhotu and I are asleep. Everyone else sleeps around 11 or
11.30 at night. And at 3 o’clock next morning – only four hours
later – our family is up again. Another day has begun!
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Look at the clocks given below. Write what you do, and what
Vaishali does, at the time which the clocks are showing.
For the teacher: Care may be taken to sensitise children to help the
family and people around without encouraging child labour.
2019-20
Page 5


Day at night! Day at night! Day at night! Day at night! Day at night!
My name is Vaishali. My father is a
vegetable-seller. My whole family –
Amma, Bhaiya, Chhotu and I, help
him with his work. Can you guess at
what time we begin our work? At
3 o’clock in the morning. When most
people are fast asleep, we start our
work. Our day’s work begins when
Babuji, Amma, Bhaiya and I take out
the previous day’s vegetables from
the gunny bags and baskets. This is
to prepare for bringing the fresh
vegetables from the mandi.
Sometimes Chhotu also helps us.
As we finish doing this and are
having some tea, we hear the horn of
the tempo. It is time for Babuji , Bhaiya,
Chachu (uncle) and some others from
our street to leave for the mandi.
2019-20
Looking Around
120
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Does anyone in your house have to get up very early? What
time does he or she get up? Why do they need to get up so
early?
Preparing for the Day Preparing for the Day Preparing for the Day Preparing for the Day Preparing for the Day
While Babuji is
away, Amma,
Chhotu and I put the
previous day’s
vegetables on gunny
bags, and sprinkle
some water on
them. By 6.30  a.m.
Babuji is back from
the mandi with
baskets and sacks
full of fresh
vegetables. At that time our house looks more like a small
vegetable market! There are brinjals, potatoes, tomatoes, okra
(Bhindi), pumpkin, gourds, chillies and many other vegetables
all around. Everybody helps in sorting the vegetables. The
vegetables which are not fully ripe and ready to sell are kept
aside. We have to sort the vegetables fast,  so as to reach the
bazaar as early as possible.
For the teacher: Discuss the role of vegetable mandi with the students.
2019-20
From Market to Home
121
By 7 o’clock,
Babuji arranges all
the vegetables on the
handcart and leaves
for the bazaar. He
says that if he is late,
then his regular
buyers may buy
their vegetables from
someone else. As
soon as Babuji
leaves, I quickly get
ready as I have to
reach school by 7.30 a.m.
In the Bazaar In the Bazaar In the Bazaar In the Bazaar In the Bazaar
Chhotu attends school in the
afternoon. He rests for a while
and goes to the bazaar later
with food for Babuji and
Bhaiya. He stays with them at
the vegetable cart, until it is
time for him to go to school.
Sometimes he goes back after
school to help Babuji. Babuji
tries to see that the
previous day’s vegetables are
sold first.
2019-20
Looking Around
122
Morning Morning Night
Vaishali Vaishali Vaishali
You You You
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö From where do you get vegetables for your home? Who brings
the vegetables?
Let us talk
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Babuji sells the previous day’s vegetables first. Why do you
think he does this?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Have you seen dried or spoilt vegetables? Where?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö How did you know that the vegetables were spoilt?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Chhotu is helping his family. What do you think Chhotu
has learnt from it?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö How do you help the elders in your family?
As the previous day’s vegetables get sold, Bhaiya takes out
fresh vegetables from the sacks and puts them in the cart. He
also keeps sprinkling water on the vegetables so that they do
not dry up, especially in summers. Babuji and Bhaiya return
home, after a long day, only around 10 o’clock at night. By then
Chhotu and I are asleep. Everyone else sleeps around 11 or
11.30 at night. And at 3 o’clock next morning – only four hours
later – our family is up again. Another day has begun!
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Look at the clocks given below. Write what you do, and what
Vaishali does, at the time which the clocks are showing.
For the teacher: Care may be taken to sensitise children to help the
family and people around without encouraging child labour.
2019-20
From Market to Home
123
Some fun with vegetables Some fun with vegetables Some fun with vegetables Some fun with vegetables Some fun with vegetables
The next time when you get okra (Bhindi) at home, look at them
carefully. Are all of them the same size?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Find the longest and the shortest one. Measure them.
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Do all the okra (Bhindi) have the same thickness and colour ?
Cut two okra (Bhindi) lengthwise. Do both of them have the
same number of seeds? Draw them in your notebook.
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Seema’s mother has brought some fruits and vegetables from
the market. Can you find them in this picture? Colour them
and write their names alongside.
123
2019-20
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