NCERT Textbook - Pochampalli Class 4 Notes | EduRev

EVS for Class 4

Created by: Yashina Kapoor

Class 4 : NCERT Textbook - Pochampalli Class 4 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


Vani and Prasad live in a village called Mukhtapur. Their
home is always filled with bundles of bright-coloured
threads.  Their mother and father and everyone else in
the family are weavers. The weaving that they do is very
beautiful and special.
Mukhtapur village is in the Pochampalli town (mandal)
of Telangana. Most of the families in this town are weavers.
That is why the special cloth that they weave is called
Pochampalli.
The villagers have been doing this work for a long time.
Vani and Prasad’s parents learnt weaving from their elders.
For the teacher: Make the children aware that most traditional arts
are learnt at home. There are many different handicrafts to be learnt
like Pochampalli. You could discuss other traditional occupations
like carpet weaving, toy making, Itr production, etc.
2019-20
Page 2


Vani and Prasad live in a village called Mukhtapur. Their
home is always filled with bundles of bright-coloured
threads.  Their mother and father and everyone else in
the family are weavers. The weaving that they do is very
beautiful and special.
Mukhtapur village is in the Pochampalli town (mandal)
of Telangana. Most of the families in this town are weavers.
That is why the special cloth that they weave is called
Pochampalli.
The villagers have been doing this work for a long time.
Vani and Prasad’s parents learnt weaving from their elders.
For the teacher: Make the children aware that most traditional arts
are learnt at home. There are many different handicrafts to be learnt
like Pochampalli. You could discuss other traditional occupations
like carpet weaving, toy making, Itr production, etc.
2019-20
Pochampalli
187
Process of making pochampalli sarees
2019-20
Page 3


Vani and Prasad live in a village called Mukhtapur. Their
home is always filled with bundles of bright-coloured
threads.  Their mother and father and everyone else in
the family are weavers. The weaving that they do is very
beautiful and special.
Mukhtapur village is in the Pochampalli town (mandal)
of Telangana. Most of the families in this town are weavers.
That is why the special cloth that they weave is called
Pochampalli.
The villagers have been doing this work for a long time.
Vani and Prasad’s parents learnt weaving from their elders.
For the teacher: Make the children aware that most traditional arts
are learnt at home. There are many different handicrafts to be learnt
like Pochampalli. You could discuss other traditional occupations
like carpet weaving, toy making, Itr production, etc.
2019-20
Pochampalli
187
Process of making pochampalli sarees
2019-20
Looking Around
188
Now Vani and Prasad also help their parents after coming back
from school. This weaving requires hard work, and many dif-
ferent things have to be done before actually weaving.
From thread to Cloth From thread to Cloth From thread to Cloth From thread to Cloth From thread to Cloth
Father brings bundles of thread from Pochampalli town. Mother
then puts these threads in boiling water to wash away the dirt
and stains. Then everybody works to dye the thread with bright
colours. These threads are then dried and rolled into bundles.
These bundles are put onto looms and the cloth is woven. Silk
cloth and silk sarees are woven from the silk thread. Cotton
thread is used to weave cotton sarees, cloth, sheets, etc.
The loom has many needles. The size and number of the
needles changes according to the design. The weavers weave
the beautiful Pochampalli sarees in bright colours. Through
their traditional craft they have made their region world famous.
A Craft in Danger A Craft in Danger A Craft in Danger A Craft in Danger A Craft in Danger
Great skill is needed to weave such special sarees. It also takes
many days of hard labour. After all this, it is difficult to get a
good price for these sarees. Silk is becoming expensive
day by day. Big shopkeepers give very little money for the sarees,
though they themselves sell them at very high price. That is
why many weavers are giving up their family craft. Many are
leaving their villages to work as labourers in big cities. We need
to solve this problem by helping them get a better price.
Otherwise, this precious craft will be lost forever.
For the teacher: In many traditional occupations, different kind of tools
and skills are used. Emphasise that the entire family participates in
making one thing, and that everybody has different responsibilities and
duties.
2019-20
Page 4


Vani and Prasad live in a village called Mukhtapur. Their
home is always filled with bundles of bright-coloured
threads.  Their mother and father and everyone else in
the family are weavers. The weaving that they do is very
beautiful and special.
Mukhtapur village is in the Pochampalli town (mandal)
of Telangana. Most of the families in this town are weavers.
That is why the special cloth that they weave is called
Pochampalli.
The villagers have been doing this work for a long time.
Vani and Prasad’s parents learnt weaving from their elders.
For the teacher: Make the children aware that most traditional arts
are learnt at home. There are many different handicrafts to be learnt
like Pochampalli. You could discuss other traditional occupations
like carpet weaving, toy making, Itr production, etc.
2019-20
Pochampalli
187
Process of making pochampalli sarees
2019-20
Looking Around
188
Now Vani and Prasad also help their parents after coming back
from school. This weaving requires hard work, and many dif-
ferent things have to be done before actually weaving.
From thread to Cloth From thread to Cloth From thread to Cloth From thread to Cloth From thread to Cloth
Father brings bundles of thread from Pochampalli town. Mother
then puts these threads in boiling water to wash away the dirt
and stains. Then everybody works to dye the thread with bright
colours. These threads are then dried and rolled into bundles.
These bundles are put onto looms and the cloth is woven. Silk
cloth and silk sarees are woven from the silk thread. Cotton
thread is used to weave cotton sarees, cloth, sheets, etc.
The loom has many needles. The size and number of the
needles changes according to the design. The weavers weave
the beautiful Pochampalli sarees in bright colours. Through
their traditional craft they have made their region world famous.
A Craft in Danger A Craft in Danger A Craft in Danger A Craft in Danger A Craft in Danger
Great skill is needed to weave such special sarees. It also takes
many days of hard labour. After all this, it is difficult to get a
good price for these sarees. Silk is becoming expensive
day by day. Big shopkeepers give very little money for the sarees,
though they themselves sell them at very high price. That is
why many weavers are giving up their family craft. Many are
leaving their villages to work as labourers in big cities. We need
to solve this problem by helping them get a better price.
Otherwise, this precious craft will be lost forever.
For the teacher: In many traditional occupations, different kind of tools
and skills are used. Emphasise that the entire family participates in
making one thing, and that everybody has different responsibilities and
duties.
2019-20
Pochampalli
189
Discuss
Vani and Prasad learnt this beautiful craft from their family
members. When they grow up, do you think they will be able to
teach their children the skills of this craft?
Write in your notebook
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Have you ever seen anybody weave something on a loom?
What were they weaving and where?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö The threads of a saree are dyed. Do you know of any other
thing that is dyed?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö If you visit Vani’s village it seems as if the entire village is
weaving sarees. Do you know of any other work which many
people living in one place do?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Do they make some article?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Find out the process of making the article? What are the
different steps?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Do men and women do different kinds of work to make this
article?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Do children also contribute in making this article?
Find out and write
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Talk to an ironsmith, a carpenter and a potter about the
nature of their work.
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Where did they learn to do their work?
2019-20
Page 5


Vani and Prasad live in a village called Mukhtapur. Their
home is always filled with bundles of bright-coloured
threads.  Their mother and father and everyone else in
the family are weavers. The weaving that they do is very
beautiful and special.
Mukhtapur village is in the Pochampalli town (mandal)
of Telangana. Most of the families in this town are weavers.
That is why the special cloth that they weave is called
Pochampalli.
The villagers have been doing this work for a long time.
Vani and Prasad’s parents learnt weaving from their elders.
For the teacher: Make the children aware that most traditional arts
are learnt at home. There are many different handicrafts to be learnt
like Pochampalli. You could discuss other traditional occupations
like carpet weaving, toy making, Itr production, etc.
2019-20
Pochampalli
187
Process of making pochampalli sarees
2019-20
Looking Around
188
Now Vani and Prasad also help their parents after coming back
from school. This weaving requires hard work, and many dif-
ferent things have to be done before actually weaving.
From thread to Cloth From thread to Cloth From thread to Cloth From thread to Cloth From thread to Cloth
Father brings bundles of thread from Pochampalli town. Mother
then puts these threads in boiling water to wash away the dirt
and stains. Then everybody works to dye the thread with bright
colours. These threads are then dried and rolled into bundles.
These bundles are put onto looms and the cloth is woven. Silk
cloth and silk sarees are woven from the silk thread. Cotton
thread is used to weave cotton sarees, cloth, sheets, etc.
The loom has many needles. The size and number of the
needles changes according to the design. The weavers weave
the beautiful Pochampalli sarees in bright colours. Through
their traditional craft they have made their region world famous.
A Craft in Danger A Craft in Danger A Craft in Danger A Craft in Danger A Craft in Danger
Great skill is needed to weave such special sarees. It also takes
many days of hard labour. After all this, it is difficult to get a
good price for these sarees. Silk is becoming expensive
day by day. Big shopkeepers give very little money for the sarees,
though they themselves sell them at very high price. That is
why many weavers are giving up their family craft. Many are
leaving their villages to work as labourers in big cities. We need
to solve this problem by helping them get a better price.
Otherwise, this precious craft will be lost forever.
For the teacher: In many traditional occupations, different kind of tools
and skills are used. Emphasise that the entire family participates in
making one thing, and that everybody has different responsibilities and
duties.
2019-20
Pochampalli
189
Discuss
Vani and Prasad learnt this beautiful craft from their family
members. When they grow up, do you think they will be able to
teach their children the skills of this craft?
Write in your notebook
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Have you ever seen anybody weave something on a loom?
What were they weaving and where?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö The threads of a saree are dyed. Do you know of any other
thing that is dyed?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö If you visit Vani’s village it seems as if the entire village is
weaving sarees. Do you know of any other work which many
people living in one place do?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Do they make some article?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Find out the process of making the article? What are the
different steps?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Do men and women do different kinds of work to make this
article?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Do children also contribute in making this article?
Find out and write
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Talk to an ironsmith, a carpenter and a potter about the
nature of their work.
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Where did they learn to do their work?
2019-20
Looking Around
190
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö What else did they need to learn to be able to do this work?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Have they taught this work to anybody in their family, or to
anyone else?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö The table below has a list of different kinds of work that
people do. Do you know people who do such work? Write
their names in the first column. In the next column write
from whom have they learnt their work?
Kind of work Name of people you Where did they learn
know who do this work this work from?
Cloth weaving Prasad and Vani’s parents From their elders
Cooking
Cycle repair
Flying aeroplanes
Sewing and embroidery
Singing
Making shoes
Flying kites
Farming
Cutting hair
For the teacher: There are many places like Pochampalli in India that are
famous for making special things. These things have become famous by the
name of the place where they are made, like – Kullu shawls, Madhubani
paintings, Assam silk, Kashmiri embroidery, etc. Do you know any more
examples? Discuss this in the class.
2019-20
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