NCERT Textbook - Determiners Class 10 Notes | EduRev

English Grammar (Communicative) Interact In English Class 10

Class 10 : NCERT Textbook - Determiners Class 10 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


1
DETERMINERS
1
A. Introduction
In this unit you will use the words which help to identify things - to say whether 
they are known or unknown to the listener, which one(s) the speaker is talking 
about, whether the speaker is thinking of specific examples or talking in 
general. You will also work with words which say 'how much' or 'how many'.
There are twenty determiners in the grid given below. Encircle these determiners.
Q W E M O S T R M T Y U I 
SE V E R Y SW I U M N B
O Q U I E A C H C S C O O
MK ML Y B O T T E P H T
E B N A I K N N A V L I H
O N O A N T E N N E I O H
K E S W I Y I H O R T N C
N V N N T I T G T A T G H
O E W E M I H U H L L U A
W R Y A N N E O E W E L N
N N O F L A R N R L E A O
A K N M O R E E R L L F U
U N E I T H E R U A P R G
B. Articles
B.1 1. The building that I visited today is a museum.
2. A building in which antiques are kept is called a museum.
Page 2


1
DETERMINERS
1
A. Introduction
In this unit you will use the words which help to identify things - to say whether 
they are known or unknown to the listener, which one(s) the speaker is talking 
about, whether the speaker is thinking of specific examples or talking in 
general. You will also work with words which say 'how much' or 'how many'.
There are twenty determiners in the grid given below. Encircle these determiners.
Q W E M O S T R M T Y U I 
SE V E R Y SW I U M N B
O Q U I E A C H C S C O O
MK ML Y B O T T E P H T
E B N A I K N N A V L I H
O N O A N T E N N E I O H
K E S W I Y I H O R T N C
N V N N T I T G T A T G H
O E W E M I H U H L L U A
W R Y A N N E O E W E L N
N N O F L A R N R L E A O
A K N M O R E E R L L F U
U N E I T H E R U A P R G
B. Articles
B.1 1. The building that I visited today is a museum.
2. A building in which antiques are kept is called a museum.
2
CBSE
l
l
The word used before building in ….
Sentence 1 is _______ and in
Sentence 2 is _______
Can you think of a reason why different words are used before building in 
these two sentences?
(Clue: Remember what you read in Class IX about 'specific and non-specific 
items.')
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
   
Then complete the following sentences using appropriate articles.
a) Bangkok is _______ capital of Thailand.
b) Australia, _______ country in the southern Hemisphere, has produced 
some world-class sportspersons.
c) _______ fruit seller does not earn much during the rainy season.
d) _______  girl who lives at the corner of our street has been selected for the 
civil services.
e) Many countries rely on _______ type of cocoa produced in Ghana for their 
chocolate products.
f) The Amazon is considered to be _______ largest river in the world, in terms 
of volume of water.
g) ___ Punjab, _______ important state of North India, has five rivers  flowing 
through it.
h) 1950 is _______ year in which India became a republic.
B.2. Working in pairs, decide which of the items in italics are definite (or 
specific) and which are indefinite (or non-specific). 
Page 3


1
DETERMINERS
1
A. Introduction
In this unit you will use the words which help to identify things - to say whether 
they are known or unknown to the listener, which one(s) the speaker is talking 
about, whether the speaker is thinking of specific examples or talking in 
general. You will also work with words which say 'how much' or 'how many'.
There are twenty determiners in the grid given below. Encircle these determiners.
Q W E M O S T R M T Y U I 
SE V E R Y SW I U M N B
O Q U I E A C H C S C O O
MK ML Y B O T T E P H T
E B N A I K N N A V L I H
O N O A N T E N N E I O H
K E S W I Y I H O R T N C
N V N N T I T G T A T G H
O E W E M I H U H L L U A
W R Y A N N E O E W E L N
N N O F L A R N R L E A O
A K N M O R E E R L L F U
U N E I T H E R U A P R G
B. Articles
B.1 1. The building that I visited today is a museum.
2. A building in which antiques are kept is called a museum.
2
CBSE
l
l
The word used before building in ….
Sentence 1 is _______ and in
Sentence 2 is _______
Can you think of a reason why different words are used before building in 
these two sentences?
(Clue: Remember what you read in Class IX about 'specific and non-specific 
items.')
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
   
Then complete the following sentences using appropriate articles.
a) Bangkok is _______ capital of Thailand.
b) Australia, _______ country in the southern Hemisphere, has produced 
some world-class sportspersons.
c) _______ fruit seller does not earn much during the rainy season.
d) _______  girl who lives at the corner of our street has been selected for the 
civil services.
e) Many countries rely on _______ type of cocoa produced in Ghana for their 
chocolate products.
f) The Amazon is considered to be _______ largest river in the world, in terms 
of volume of water.
g) ___ Punjab, _______ important state of North India, has five rivers  flowing 
through it.
h) 1950 is _______ year in which India became a republic.
B.2. Working in pairs, decide which of the items in italics are definite (or 
specific) and which are indefinite (or non-specific). 
3
CBSE
B.3. Read this extract from a story.  Fill in the blanks using a, an or the where 
necessary.
B.4. In groups of four, read the following description from a geography book, 
and underline the geographical names.
I drove on the Time Machine without changing _________ lever . At last I 
stopped; _________  sun was red and very large and _________  huge reddish 
rock was there. _________ Time Machine, in which I sat, was standing on 
_________  sloping beach and I saw _________  sea stretch to _________  horizon, 
but without any waves. No breath of wind stirred and I began to breathe very 
fast and felt _________ oppression in my head. I heard _________  harsh scream 
and saw _________  thing like _________  huge butterfly. But as I turned to look 
around again, I froze. _________  reddish mass of rock was moving towards me. 
I realized that it was _________  monstrous crablike creature. I felt a tickle on 
my cheek, as though _________  fly had lighted there. I struck at this and caught 
something threadlike. With horror I realized that I had just grasped _________  
antenna of _________ monster crab. In a moment I had pulled the lever. I placed 
_________  time of one month between myself and these monsters.
Ref.: The Time Machine
           By H.G.Wells
The Himalayas, the highest mountain range in the world, protect India from the 
cold winds blowing from central Asia and the People's Republic of China. 
Mount Everest, the highest mountain peak of the world belongs to this range 
and is situated in Nepal. To the south of the Himalayas, the great northern 
plains extend between the mouth of the rivers Indus and the Ganga.  The 
Indus, the Ganga and the Brahmaputra start in the Himalayas .The Indus 
starts in Tibet near Mansarovar Lake. The Ganga rises in the Himalayas and 
the Brahmaputra, also known as Tsang Po, starts in Tibet. The Ganga and the 
Brahmaputra join together before flowing into the Bay of Bengal. Between the 
fertile Indus and Ganga plains are the Aravalli Hills and the Thar Desert.
Page 4


1
DETERMINERS
1
A. Introduction
In this unit you will use the words which help to identify things - to say whether 
they are known or unknown to the listener, which one(s) the speaker is talking 
about, whether the speaker is thinking of specific examples or talking in 
general. You will also work with words which say 'how much' or 'how many'.
There are twenty determiners in the grid given below. Encircle these determiners.
Q W E M O S T R M T Y U I 
SE V E R Y SW I U M N B
O Q U I E A C H C S C O O
MK ML Y B O T T E P H T
E B N A I K N N A V L I H
O N O A N T E N N E I O H
K E S W I Y I H O R T N C
N V N N T I T G T A T G H
O E W E M I H U H L L U A
W R Y A N N E O E W E L N
N N O F L A R N R L E A O
A K N M O R E E R L L F U
U N E I T H E R U A P R G
B. Articles
B.1 1. The building that I visited today is a museum.
2. A building in which antiques are kept is called a museum.
2
CBSE
l
l
The word used before building in ….
Sentence 1 is _______ and in
Sentence 2 is _______
Can you think of a reason why different words are used before building in 
these two sentences?
(Clue: Remember what you read in Class IX about 'specific and non-specific 
items.')
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
   
Then complete the following sentences using appropriate articles.
a) Bangkok is _______ capital of Thailand.
b) Australia, _______ country in the southern Hemisphere, has produced 
some world-class sportspersons.
c) _______ fruit seller does not earn much during the rainy season.
d) _______  girl who lives at the corner of our street has been selected for the 
civil services.
e) Many countries rely on _______ type of cocoa produced in Ghana for their 
chocolate products.
f) The Amazon is considered to be _______ largest river in the world, in terms 
of volume of water.
g) ___ Punjab, _______ important state of North India, has five rivers  flowing 
through it.
h) 1950 is _______ year in which India became a republic.
B.2. Working in pairs, decide which of the items in italics are definite (or 
specific) and which are indefinite (or non-specific). 
3
CBSE
B.3. Read this extract from a story.  Fill in the blanks using a, an or the where 
necessary.
B.4. In groups of four, read the following description from a geography book, 
and underline the geographical names.
I drove on the Time Machine without changing _________ lever . At last I 
stopped; _________  sun was red and very large and _________  huge reddish 
rock was there. _________ Time Machine, in which I sat, was standing on 
_________  sloping beach and I saw _________  sea stretch to _________  horizon, 
but without any waves. No breath of wind stirred and I began to breathe very 
fast and felt _________ oppression in my head. I heard _________  harsh scream 
and saw _________  thing like _________  huge butterfly. But as I turned to look 
around again, I froze. _________  reddish mass of rock was moving towards me. 
I realized that it was _________  monstrous crablike creature. I felt a tickle on 
my cheek, as though _________  fly had lighted there. I struck at this and caught 
something threadlike. With horror I realized that I had just grasped _________  
antenna of _________ monster crab. In a moment I had pulled the lever. I placed 
_________  time of one month between myself and these monsters.
Ref.: The Time Machine
           By H.G.Wells
The Himalayas, the highest mountain range in the world, protect India from the 
cold winds blowing from central Asia and the People's Republic of China. 
Mount Everest, the highest mountain peak of the world belongs to this range 
and is situated in Nepal. To the south of the Himalayas, the great northern 
plains extend between the mouth of the rivers Indus and the Ganga.  The 
Indus, the Ganga and the Brahmaputra start in the Himalayas .The Indus 
starts in Tibet near Mansarovar Lake. The Ganga rises in the Himalayas and 
the Brahmaputra, also known as Tsang Po, starts in Tibet. The Ganga and the 
Brahmaputra join together before flowing into the Bay of Bengal. Between the 
fertile Indus and Ganga plains are the Aravalli Hills and the Thar Desert.
4
CBSE
Now discuss within your groups how the article is used (or not used) before 
geographical terms, and complete the following table:
Names
Himalyas
Mount Everest
India
Nepal
People's 
Republic of 
China
Category
Mountain range
Cities
A country 
whose name 
includes words 
like republic, 
union etc.
Rivers
Deserts
Use of the Conclusion
The is used 
before names of 
mountain 
ranges
Other examples
The Alps 
The Andes
Pune, Delhi
Dal lake
B.5 You and your friend have been asked to help the quiz-master to prepare                       
questions  for a geography quiz in your school. You may choose topics 
from the list below to prepare your questions :
continents oceans and seas countries deserts
mountains lakes rivers and canals
Page 5


1
DETERMINERS
1
A. Introduction
In this unit you will use the words which help to identify things - to say whether 
they are known or unknown to the listener, which one(s) the speaker is talking 
about, whether the speaker is thinking of specific examples or talking in 
general. You will also work with words which say 'how much' or 'how many'.
There are twenty determiners in the grid given below. Encircle these determiners.
Q W E M O S T R M T Y U I 
SE V E R Y SW I U M N B
O Q U I E A C H C S C O O
MK ML Y B O T T E P H T
E B N A I K N N A V L I H
O N O A N T E N N E I O H
K E S W I Y I H O R T N C
N V N N T I T G T A T G H
O E W E M I H U H L L U A
W R Y A N N E O E W E L N
N N O F L A R N R L E A O
A K N M O R E E R L L F U
U N E I T H E R U A P R G
B. Articles
B.1 1. The building that I visited today is a museum.
2. A building in which antiques are kept is called a museum.
2
CBSE
l
l
The word used before building in ….
Sentence 1 is _______ and in
Sentence 2 is _______
Can you think of a reason why different words are used before building in 
these two sentences?
(Clue: Remember what you read in Class IX about 'specific and non-specific 
items.')
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
   
Then complete the following sentences using appropriate articles.
a) Bangkok is _______ capital of Thailand.
b) Australia, _______ country in the southern Hemisphere, has produced 
some world-class sportspersons.
c) _______ fruit seller does not earn much during the rainy season.
d) _______  girl who lives at the corner of our street has been selected for the 
civil services.
e) Many countries rely on _______ type of cocoa produced in Ghana for their 
chocolate products.
f) The Amazon is considered to be _______ largest river in the world, in terms 
of volume of water.
g) ___ Punjab, _______ important state of North India, has five rivers  flowing 
through it.
h) 1950 is _______ year in which India became a republic.
B.2. Working in pairs, decide which of the items in italics are definite (or 
specific) and which are indefinite (or non-specific). 
3
CBSE
B.3. Read this extract from a story.  Fill in the blanks using a, an or the where 
necessary.
B.4. In groups of four, read the following description from a geography book, 
and underline the geographical names.
I drove on the Time Machine without changing _________ lever . At last I 
stopped; _________  sun was red and very large and _________  huge reddish 
rock was there. _________ Time Machine, in which I sat, was standing on 
_________  sloping beach and I saw _________  sea stretch to _________  horizon, 
but without any waves. No breath of wind stirred and I began to breathe very 
fast and felt _________ oppression in my head. I heard _________  harsh scream 
and saw _________  thing like _________  huge butterfly. But as I turned to look 
around again, I froze. _________  reddish mass of rock was moving towards me. 
I realized that it was _________  monstrous crablike creature. I felt a tickle on 
my cheek, as though _________  fly had lighted there. I struck at this and caught 
something threadlike. With horror I realized that I had just grasped _________  
antenna of _________ monster crab. In a moment I had pulled the lever. I placed 
_________  time of one month between myself and these monsters.
Ref.: The Time Machine
           By H.G.Wells
The Himalayas, the highest mountain range in the world, protect India from the 
cold winds blowing from central Asia and the People's Republic of China. 
Mount Everest, the highest mountain peak of the world belongs to this range 
and is situated in Nepal. To the south of the Himalayas, the great northern 
plains extend between the mouth of the rivers Indus and the Ganga.  The 
Indus, the Ganga and the Brahmaputra start in the Himalayas .The Indus 
starts in Tibet near Mansarovar Lake. The Ganga rises in the Himalayas and 
the Brahmaputra, also known as Tsang Po, starts in Tibet. The Ganga and the 
Brahmaputra join together before flowing into the Bay of Bengal. Between the 
fertile Indus and Ganga plains are the Aravalli Hills and the Thar Desert.
4
CBSE
Now discuss within your groups how the article is used (or not used) before 
geographical terms, and complete the following table:
Names
Himalyas
Mount Everest
India
Nepal
People's 
Republic of 
China
Category
Mountain range
Cities
A country 
whose name 
includes words 
like republic, 
union etc.
Rivers
Deserts
Use of the Conclusion
The is used 
before names of 
mountain 
ranges
Other examples
The Alps 
The Andes
Pune, Delhi
Dal lake
B.5 You and your friend have been asked to help the quiz-master to prepare                       
questions  for a geography quiz in your school. You may choose topics 
from the list below to prepare your questions :
continents oceans and seas countries deserts
mountains lakes rivers and canals
5
CBSE
C. Determiners with countable and uncountable nouns
Work in pairs. Each pair should write at least five questions (and answers), 
e.g.
What do you cross, when travelling from Europe to the USA?
(The Atlantic Ocean) 
You may use an atlas. Remember what you have learned in B.4 about using 
or not using the.
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
When you have written your questions, your teacher will organize a class 
quiz.
  
C.1. Add a suitable noun to each of the following determiners in the box below.
a ____ both ____ few ____ much ____
all ____ each ____ little ____ neither ____
an ____ either ____ many ____ no ____
another ____ enough ____ more ____ any ____
every ____ most ____ several ____ one ____
some ____ two (etc) ____ a lot of ____
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