UPSC  >  History for UPSC CSE  >  Nitin Singhania: Summary of Indian Puppetry

Nitin Singhania: Summary of Indian Puppetry Notes | Study History for UPSC CSE - UPSC

Document Description: Nitin Singhania: Summary of Indian Puppetry for UPSC 2022 is part of History for UPSC CSE preparation. The notes and questions for Nitin Singhania: Summary of Indian Puppetry have been prepared according to the UPSC exam syllabus. Information about Nitin Singhania: Summary of Indian Puppetry covers topics like Introduction, Indian Origin and Nitin Singhania: Summary of Indian Puppetry Example, for UPSC 2022 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises and tests below for Nitin Singhania: Summary of Indian Puppetry.

Introduction of Nitin Singhania: Summary of Indian Puppetry in English is available as part of our History for UPSC CSE for UPSC & Nitin Singhania: Summary of Indian Puppetry in Hindi for History for UPSC CSE course. Download more important topics related with notes, lectures and mock test series for UPSC Exam by signing up for free. UPSC: Nitin Singhania: Summary of Indian Puppetry Notes | Study History for UPSC CSE - UPSC
Table of contents
Introduction
Indian Origin
1 Crore+ students have signed up on EduRev. Have you?

Introduction

  • Ancient form of entertainment.
  • One of the most ingenious inventions of mankind.


Indian Origin

  • For entertainment and educational purposes.
  • Excavation sites at Harappa & Mohenjo-Daro- puppets with sockets attached to them found.
  • Around 500 B.C- references of marionette theatre found.Marionette Theatre 
    Marionette Theatre 
  • Oldest written reference to puppetry- Tamil classic Silappadikaram (written around 1st & 2nd century B.C.)
  • It has been of philosophical importance in Indian culture.
  • Bhagwata, describes God as a puppeteer, controlling the universe with the three strings - Satta, Raja & Tama. In Indian theatre, narrator was called Sutradhar or ‘holder of strings’.
  • Variety of puppetry traditions have developed ill various parts across India but lack of devoted audience and financial security has led to a steady decline of this art form in modern times.

Puppetry in India can be classified into four categories as follows:

1. String puppet

  • Kathputli
  • Kundhei
  • Gombeyatta
  • Bommalattam

2. Shadow puppet

  • Tholu Bommalata
  • Ravanchhaya
  • Togalu Gombeyatta

3. Glove puppet

  • Pavakoothu

4. Rod puppet

  • Yampuri
  • Putul Nach

Question for Nitin Singhania: Summary of Indian Puppetry
Try yourself:The oldest written reference to puppeting is found in -
View Solution

String Puppets

(a) Important Features

  • Puppets are 8-9 inch miniature figures chiselled out of wood.
  • Oil colour is used to paint the wood.
  • Small wooden pipes used to form limbs.
  • Body is covered with colourful miniature dress and stitched.
  • Miniature jewellery and other accessories are also used.
  • Strings are attached to small holes in the hands, head and back of the body

(b) Popular Examples

(i) KathputliKathputliKathputli

  • Traditional string puppets of Rajasthan.
  • ‘Kath’ means wood & ‘putli’ means doll.
  • Covered in traditionally bright Rajasthani dress.
  • Accompanied by dramatic folk music.
  • Unique feature- Absence of legs.

(ii) Kundhei

KundheiKundhei

  • String puppets of Odisha.
  • Made of light wood & are dressed in long skirts.
  • Have more joints, thus more flexibility.
  • Strings attached to a triangular prop.
  • Marked influence of Odissi on these shows.

(iii) GombeyattaTogalu GombeyattaTogalu Gombeyatta

  • Karnataka
  • Styled on various characters of Yakshagana theatres.
  • Unique feature- more than one puppeteer is used.

(iv) Bommalattam

BommalattamBommalattam

  • Tamil Nadu
  • Combines features of rod and string puppetry.
  • Strings attached to an iron ring, worn by puppeteer on his head.
  • These are the largest & heaviest marionettes found in India.
  • These could be as large as 4.5 ft in height & 10 kg in weight.
  • Four distinct stages - Vinayak Puja, Komali, Amanattam & Pusenkanattam.

Question for Nitin Singhania: Summary of Indian Puppetry
Try yourself:Consider the following statements about Indian puppetry
1. The narrator is called sutradhar
2. Kathputli is a string puppet
Which of the above is/ are correct?
View Solution

 Shadow Puppets

  • Has survived till now.

(a) Important Features

  • These are flat figures cut out of leather.
  • Painted identically on both sides of the leather.
  • Placed on a white screen with light falling from behind, creating a shadow on the screen.
  • Figures are manipulated so that the silhouettes created on the blank screen create telling imagery.

Question for Nitin Singhania: Summary of Indian Puppetry
Try yourself:Absence of legs is a unique feature of
View Solution

(b) Popular Examples

(i) Togalu Gombeyatta

  • Karnataka
  • Unique feature - Variation of puppet size based on social status, i.e. kings &religious figures are large puppets while common people & servants are smaller puppets.

(ii) RavanachhayaRavanachhayaRavanachhaya

  • Most theatrical of shadow puppetry.
  • Odisha
  • Made of deerskin & depict bold, dramatic postures.
  • Do not have any joints attached to them, making it complex.
  • Use of non-human puppets like trees & animals.
  • Ravanchhaya artists- create a lyrical & sensitive theatrical narration.

(iii) Tholu BommalataTholu BommalataTholu Bommalata

  • Andhra Pradesh
  • Accompanied by classical music.
  • Themes- mythological & devotional tales of epics and Puranas.
  • Puppets are larger in size & coloured on both sides.

Question for Nitin Singhania: Summary of Indian Puppetry
Try yourself:Yampuri is a
View Solution

 Glove Puppets

(a) Important Features

  • Also known as sleeve, hand or palm puppets.
  • Small figures with head & arms wearing a long, flowing skirt.
  • Made of cloth or wood, but variations of paper puppet also seen.
  • Puppeteer wears puppet as glove, manipulating the head with his index finger.
  • Two hands are manipulated using thumb & middle finger - giving life and expression to originally limp puppets.
  • Accompanied by rhythmic beats of drum or dholak.

(b) Popular Examples

(i) Pavakoothu

  • Kerala
  • Origin- 18th century A.D.
  • Decorated with colourful headgears, feathers & face paints, which depicts heavy influence of Kathakali.
  • Themes: Ramayana & Mahabharata.

Question for Nitin Singhania: Summary of Indian Puppetry
Try yourself:Which of the following is not correctly matched?
View Solution

 Rod Puppets

(a) Important Features

  • Larger variations of glove puppet.
  • Controlled by rods.
  • Popular in Eastern India.

(b) Popular Examples

(i) YampuriYampuriYampuri

  • Bihar
  • Made of wood & are without joints.
  • Carved out of a single piece of wood & painted and dressed in bright colours.

(ii) Putul NachPutul NachPutul Nach

  • Bengal-Odisha-Assam region.
  • 3-4 ft. high & dressed like characters of Jatra.
  • Have three joints - at neck & at the shoulders.
  • Each puppeteer controls a single puppet by means of a rod attached to his waist. He moves around behind the curtain, imparting similar movements to puppets.
  • Accompanied by musical troop of 3-4 musicians playing harmonium, cymbals & tabla.

Question for Nitin Singhania: Summary of Indian Puppetry
Try yourself:Which of the following is not correctly matched?
View Solution

The document Nitin Singhania: Summary of Indian Puppetry Notes | Study History for UPSC CSE - UPSC is a part of the UPSC Course History for UPSC CSE.
All you need of UPSC at this link: UPSC
156 videos|559 docs|339 tests
Download as PDF

How to Prepare for UPSC

Read our guide to prepare for UPSC which is created by Toppers & the best Teachers

Download free EduRev App

Track your progress, build streaks, highlight & save important lessons and more!

Related Searches

Extra Questions

,

Sample Paper

,

mock tests for examination

,

practice quizzes

,

Free

,

ppt

,

video lectures

,

Semester Notes

,

Exam

,

Nitin Singhania: Summary of Indian Puppetry Notes | Study History for UPSC CSE - UPSC

,

Viva Questions

,

MCQs

,

Summary

,

Previous Year Questions with Solutions

,

past year papers

,

study material

,

Nitin Singhania: Summary of Indian Puppetry Notes | Study History for UPSC CSE - UPSC

,

pdf

,

shortcuts and tricks

,

Nitin Singhania: Summary of Indian Puppetry Notes | Study History for UPSC CSE - UPSC

,

Objective type Questions

,

Important questions

;