Doc: Nomenclature of Aldehydes and Ketones Class 12 Notes | EduRev

Chemistry Class 12

Created by: Mohit Rajpoot

Class 12 : Doc: Nomenclature of Aldehydes and Ketones Class 12 Notes | EduRev

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Introduction : 

Doc: Nomenclature of Aldehydes and Ketones Class 12 Notes | EduRev

Doc: Nomenclature of Aldehydes and Ketones Class 12 Notes | EduRev

Doc: Nomenclature of Aldehydes and Ketones Class 12 Notes | EduRev
Ester

Doc: Nomenclature of Aldehydes and Ketones Class 12 Notes | EduRev
Amide

Doc: Nomenclature of Aldehydes and Ketones Class 12 Notes | EduRev
Nitrile 

Table – 1 : IUPAC Nomenclature of Acid derivatives :-

S.No.Compound

IUPAC Name

1Doc: Nomenclature of Aldehydes and Ketones Class 12 Notes | EduRev

Methanoic acid

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Ethanoic acid

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2- Cyclohexylpropanoic acid

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3- Oxo-2- propylbutanoic acid

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4- Aminobutanoic acid

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3- Phenylpentanoic acid

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3- Methylbutanoic adic

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Ethanoylchloride

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Propanoylchloride

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3- Bromobutanoylbromide

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Cyclopentancarbonyl chloride

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Ethanoid anyhydride

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Trifluoroethanoic anhydride

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1,2- Benzenedicarboxylic anhydride

 

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Ethanoic methanoic anhydride

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Trifluoroethanoic propanoic anhydride

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Cyclopropane carbonitrile

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3- Cyanopentanoic acid

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Ethyl-o-cyanobenzoate

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2- Formylcyclohexane carboxamide

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2- Hydroxyutane nitrile

 

Dicarboxylic Acids

If the subsituent is a second carboxyl group, we have a dicarboxylic acid. For example :
Doc: Nomenclature of Aldehydes and Ketones Class 12 Notes | EduRev 
Oxalic acid or Ethanedioic acid                               

 

 Doc: Nomenclature of Aldehydes and Ketones Class 12 Notes | EduRev   
Malonic acid -1, 3- dioic acid      

 

 Doc: Nomenclature of Aldehydes and Ketones Class 12 Notes | EduRev
 Succinic acid -1, 4- dioic acid

 

Doc: Nomenclature of Aldehydes and Ketones Class 12 Notes | EduRev 
Glutaric acid
Pentane-1, 5-dioic acid                

 

Doc: Nomenclature of Aldehydes and Ketones Class 12 Notes | EduRev 
 Adipic acid 
Hexane-1, 6-dioic acid                                       

 

Doc: Nomenclature of Aldehydes and Ketones Class 12 Notes | EduRev                         
Pimelic acid
Heptane-1, 7- dioc acid

 

HOOCCH2COOH
Malonic acid
Propanedioic acid    

         

HOOCCH2CH2COOH
Succinic acid
Butanedioic acid    

         

HOOCCH2CH2CH2CH2COOH
Adipic acid
Hexanedioic acid

 

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