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Doc: Nomenclature of Carboxylic Acids Notes | Study Chemistry for JEE - JEE

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Introduction: 

Doc: Nomenclature of Carboxylic Acids Notes | Study Chemistry for JEE - JEE

Doc: Nomenclature of Carboxylic Acids Notes | Study Chemistry for JEE - JEE

Doc: Nomenclature of Carboxylic Acids Notes | Study Chemistry for JEE - JEE
Ester

Doc: Nomenclature of Carboxylic Acids Notes | Study Chemistry for JEE - JEE
Amide

Doc: Nomenclature of Carboxylic Acids Notes | Study Chemistry for JEE - JEE
Nitrile 

Table – 1 : IUPAC Nomenclature of Acid derivatives :-

S.No.Compound

IUPAC Name

1Doc: Nomenclature of Carboxylic Acids Notes | Study Chemistry for JEE - JEE

Methanoic acid

2Doc: Nomenclature of Carboxylic Acids Notes | Study Chemistry for JEE - JEE

Ethanoic acid

3Doc: Nomenclature of Carboxylic Acids Notes | Study Chemistry for JEE - JEE

2- Cyclohexylpropanoic acid

4Doc: Nomenclature of Carboxylic Acids Notes | Study Chemistry for JEE - JEE

3- Oxo-2- propylbutanoic acid

5Doc: Nomenclature of Carboxylic Acids Notes | Study Chemistry for JEE - JEE

4- Aminobutanoic acid

6Doc: Nomenclature of Carboxylic Acids Notes | Study Chemistry for JEE - JEE

3- Phenylpentanoic acid

7Doc: Nomenclature of Carboxylic Acids Notes | Study Chemistry for JEE - JEE

3- Methylbutanoic adic

8Doc: Nomenclature of Carboxylic Acids Notes | Study Chemistry for JEE - JEE

Ethanoylchloride

9Doc: Nomenclature of Carboxylic Acids Notes | Study Chemistry for JEE - JEE

Propanoylchloride

10Doc: Nomenclature of Carboxylic Acids Notes | Study Chemistry for JEE - JEE

3- Bromobutanoylbromide

11Doc: Nomenclature of Carboxylic Acids Notes | Study Chemistry for JEE - JEE

Cyclopentancarbonyl chloride

12Doc: Nomenclature of Carboxylic Acids Notes | Study Chemistry for JEE - JEE

Ethanoid anyhydride

13Doc: Nomenclature of Carboxylic Acids Notes | Study Chemistry for JEE - JEE

Trifluoroethanoic anhydride

14Doc: Nomenclature of Carboxylic Acids Notes | Study Chemistry for JEE - JEE

1,2- Benzenedicarboxylic anhydride

 

15Doc: Nomenclature of Carboxylic Acids Notes | Study Chemistry for JEE - JEE

Ethanoic methanoic anhydride

16Doc: Nomenclature of Carboxylic Acids Notes | Study Chemistry for JEE - JEE

Trifluoroethanoic propanoic anhydride

17Doc: Nomenclature of Carboxylic Acids Notes | Study Chemistry for JEE - JEE

Cyclopropane carbonitrile

18Doc: Nomenclature of Carboxylic Acids Notes | Study Chemistry for JEE - JEE

3- Cyanopentanoic acid

19Doc: Nomenclature of Carboxylic Acids Notes | Study Chemistry for JEE - JEE

Ethyl-o-cyanobenzoate

20Doc: Nomenclature of Carboxylic Acids Notes | Study Chemistry for JEE - JEE

2- Formylcyclohexane carboxamide

21Doc: Nomenclature of Carboxylic Acids Notes | Study Chemistry for JEE - JEE

2- Hydroxyutane nitrile

 

Dicarboxylic Acids

If the subsituent is a second carboxyl group, we have a dicarboxylic acid. For example :
Doc: Nomenclature of Carboxylic Acids Notes | Study Chemistry for JEE - JEE 
Oxalic acid or Ethanedioic acid                               

 

 Doc: Nomenclature of Carboxylic Acids Notes | Study Chemistry for JEE - JEE   
Malonic acid -1, 3- dioic acid      

 

 Doc: Nomenclature of Carboxylic Acids Notes | Study Chemistry for JEE - JEE
 Succinic acid -1, 4- dioic acid

 

Doc: Nomenclature of Carboxylic Acids Notes | Study Chemistry for JEE - JEE 
Glutaric acid
Pentane-1, 5-dioic acid                

 

Doc: Nomenclature of Carboxylic Acids Notes | Study Chemistry for JEE - JEE 
 Adipic acid 
Hexane-1, 6-dioic acid                                       

 

Doc: Nomenclature of Carboxylic Acids Notes | Study Chemistry for JEE - JEE                         
Pimelic acid
Heptane-1, 7- dioc acid

 

HOOCCH2COOH
Malonic acid
Propanedioic acid    

         

HOOCCH2CH2COOH
Succinic acid
Butanedioic acid    

         

HOOCCH2CH2CH2CH2COOH
Adipic acid
Hexanedioic acid

 

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