FAQs on Old NCERT Summary (Bipan Chandra): Growth of New India - Religious & Social Reform After 1858- 1 - History for UPSC CSE
|1. How did religious and social reform movements contribute to the growth of new India after 1858?
Ans. Religious and social reform movements played a crucial role in the growth of new India after 1858. These movements aimed to bring about social and religious changes, promote equality, and eradicate social evils prevalent at that time. They advocated for the upliftment of marginalized sections of society, such as women, lower castes, and untouchables. The reformers worked towards abolishing practices like Sati, child marriage, and untouchability. They also promoted education, modernization, and the spread of scientific knowledge. The efforts of these reform movements laid the foundation for a more inclusive and progressive society in post-1858 India.
|2. Who were some notable religious and social reformers during this period?
Ans. Several notable religious and social reformers emerged during this period, contributing significantly to the growth of new India. Raja Ram Mohan Roy, often regarded as the "Father of Modern India," advocated for the abolition of Sati and worked towards the promotion of women's rights. Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar championed the cause of widow remarriage and played a crucial role in the passage of the Widow Remarriage Act, 1856. Jyotirao Phule, a social reformer from Maharashtra, fought against caste-based discrimination and worked towards the upliftment of lower castes and untouchables. Swami Vivekananda, a spiritual leader and philosopher, played a significant role in the revival of Hinduism and the promotion of Vedanta philosophy.
|3. What were the key social evils addressed by the religious and social reform movements?
Ans. The religious and social reform movements in India after 1858 aimed to address various social evils prevalent at that time. Some of the key issues that were addressed include:
1. Sati: The practice of burning widows alive on their husbands' funeral pyres was vehemently opposed by reformers, leading to its eventual abolition.
2. Child Marriage: Reformers worked towards raising the minimum age of marriage for girls and promoting the importance of education for women.
3. Untouchability: The practice of untouchability, which relegated certain sections of society to the lowest rungs, was challenged by reformers who advocated for equality and social integration.
4. Caste Discrimination: The reform movements also sought to challenge the rigid caste system and promote social equality by advocating for the upliftment of lower castes and untouchables.
|4. What were the main objectives of the religious and social reform movements in India?
Ans. The religious and social reform movements in India after 1858 had several main objectives, including:
1. Abolition of social evils: The reformers aimed to eradicate practices like Sati, child marriage, untouchability, and caste discrimination from society.
2. Women's rights and empowerment: They advocated for the promotion of women's education, widow remarriage, and the improvement of women's social status.
3. Social equality: The reform movements sought to challenge the hierarchical social structure and promote equality among different sections of society.
4. Spread of education: The reformers emphasized the importance of education, both for men and women, as a means to bring about social and intellectual progress.
5. Modernization and scientific temper: They advocated for the adoption of modern ideas and scientific knowledge, encouraging a more rational and progressive outlook among the masses.
|5. How did the religious and social reform movements contribute to the growth of a new India?
Ans. The religious and social reform movements played a crucial role in shaping the growth of a new India. They challenged traditional customs and social norms that hindered progress and advocated for social equality, women's rights, and education. These movements helped in creating awareness among the masses about the need for social reform and led to the enactment of several legislations aimed at eradicating social evils. The reformers' efforts paved the way for a more inclusive and modern society, laying the foundation for the growth of a new India that aspired to be progressive, egalitarian, and enlightened.