PPT: Administration of Union Territories Notes | EduRev

Indian Polity for UPSC CSE

UPSC : PPT: Administration of Union Territories Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


Administration in Union 
T erritories
Prelims 2020 Crash Course[P olity] 
Capstone IAS Learning
Page 2


Administration in Union 
T erritories
Prelims 2020 Crash Course[P olity] 
Capstone IAS Learning
What will we cover
Historical evolution of Union T erritories in India. 
Administration of UT s 
Legislative Assembly and Council of Ministers for UT s. 
President’ s powers to make regulations with respect to 
peace, progress and good government of some UT s. 
Constitution of High Courts for Union T erritories. 
Administration of Acquired T erritories.
Page 3


Administration in Union 
T erritories
Prelims 2020 Crash Course[P olity] 
Capstone IAS Learning
What will we cover
Historical evolution of Union T erritories in India. 
Administration of UT s 
Legislative Assembly and Council of Ministers for UT s. 
President’ s powers to make regulations with respect to 
peace, progress and good government of some UT s. 
Constitution of High Courts for Union T erritories. 
Administration of Acquired T erritories.
Evolution of UT s
The original Constitution of 1949, divided States into 3 categories 
and included them in Part A, B and C of the 1st Schedule. 
Part C States were 10 in number — Ajmer, Bhopal, Bilaspur, 
Coorg, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Kutch, Manipur, T ripura and 
Vindhya Pradesh. 
Except Ajmer, Coorg and Delhi, these Part C States were formed 
by integration of some smaller Indian States. 
Ajmer, Coorg and Delhi were Chief Commissioner’ s Provinces 
under the GOI Act 1919 & 1935, and were thus administered by the 
Centre even before the Constitution.
Page 4


Administration in Union 
T erritories
Prelims 2020 Crash Course[P olity] 
Capstone IAS Learning
What will we cover
Historical evolution of Union T erritories in India. 
Administration of UT s 
Legislative Assembly and Council of Ministers for UT s. 
President’ s powers to make regulations with respect to 
peace, progress and good government of some UT s. 
Constitution of High Courts for Union T erritories. 
Administration of Acquired T erritories.
Evolution of UT s
The original Constitution of 1949, divided States into 3 categories 
and included them in Part A, B and C of the 1st Schedule. 
Part C States were 10 in number — Ajmer, Bhopal, Bilaspur, 
Coorg, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Kutch, Manipur, T ripura and 
Vindhya Pradesh. 
Except Ajmer, Coorg and Delhi, these Part C States were formed 
by integration of some smaller Indian States. 
Ajmer, Coorg and Delhi were Chief Commissioner’ s Provinces 
under the GOI Act 1919 & 1935, and were thus administered by the 
Centre even before the Constitution.
Special F eatures of Part C States : 
They were to be administered by the President through a Chief 
Commissioner or a Lieutenant-Governor, acting as his agent. 
Parliament had the legislative power with respect to any subject in these 
States. 
The Constitution empowered the Parliament to form a legislature and 
Council of Ministers for any of the Part C State. 
The Parliament enacted Government of Part C States Act, 1951, by which 
a Council of Advisors or Ministers was set-up in each of the Part C State, 
to advise the Chief Commissioner, under the overall control of the 
President. 
Also a Legislative Assembly to function as the Legislature of the State, 
without derogation of the plenary powers of the Parliament, was formed.
Page 5


Administration in Union 
T erritories
Prelims 2020 Crash Course[P olity] 
Capstone IAS Learning
What will we cover
Historical evolution of Union T erritories in India. 
Administration of UT s 
Legislative Assembly and Council of Ministers for UT s. 
President’ s powers to make regulations with respect to 
peace, progress and good government of some UT s. 
Constitution of High Courts for Union T erritories. 
Administration of Acquired T erritories.
Evolution of UT s
The original Constitution of 1949, divided States into 3 categories 
and included them in Part A, B and C of the 1st Schedule. 
Part C States were 10 in number — Ajmer, Bhopal, Bilaspur, 
Coorg, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Kutch, Manipur, T ripura and 
Vindhya Pradesh. 
Except Ajmer, Coorg and Delhi, these Part C States were formed 
by integration of some smaller Indian States. 
Ajmer, Coorg and Delhi were Chief Commissioner’ s Provinces 
under the GOI Act 1919 & 1935, and were thus administered by the 
Centre even before the Constitution.
Special F eatures of Part C States : 
They were to be administered by the President through a Chief 
Commissioner or a Lieutenant-Governor, acting as his agent. 
Parliament had the legislative power with respect to any subject in these 
States. 
The Constitution empowered the Parliament to form a legislature and 
Council of Ministers for any of the Part C State. 
The Parliament enacted Government of Part C States Act, 1951, by which 
a Council of Advisors or Ministers was set-up in each of the Part C State, 
to advise the Chief Commissioner, under the overall control of the 
President. 
Also a Legislative Assembly to function as the Legislature of the State, 
without derogation of the plenary powers of the Parliament, was formed.
7th Constitutional Amendment Act : 
Part C States were substituted by the category of 
Union T erritories, which were to be administered 
by the Union. 
States Reorganisation Act 1956, merged the Part C 
States of Ajmer, Bhopal, Coorg, Kutch and 
Vindhya Pradesh into the adjoining States. 
The remaining Part C States + one Part 
D[Andaman & Nicobar Islands] + Laccadive and 
Amindvi islands[originally in State of Madras], 
were brought in the category of UT s. 
Some new territories were added to this category 
by various Constitutional Amendment Acts and 
some erstwhile UT s like Himachal, Manipur, 
T ripura, Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh and Goa 
were lifted up to the category of full ?edged 
States.
Current list of UT s 
Delhi 
Puducherry 
Chandigarh 
Lakshadweep  
Andaman & Nicobar Islands 
Daman & Diu and Dadar and 
Nagar Haveli 
Jammu & Kashmir 
Ladakh
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