PPT: Fundamental Rights- 1 Notes | EduRev

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UPSC : PPT: Fundamental Rights- 1 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


FUNDAMENTAL 
RIGHTS
ARTICLE 12- 35
Page 2


FUNDAMENTAL 
RIGHTS
ARTICLE 12- 35
RIGHTS
• Rights are reasonable claims as recognised by society and 
Guaranteed and Protected by Law
• It is a Modern Idea originated in West and is the feature of Liberal 
Countries(Western Countries Having Liberal Democracy)
• Right is an Ideology of Liberalism
Page 3


FUNDAMENTAL 
RIGHTS
ARTICLE 12- 35
RIGHTS
• Rights are reasonable claims as recognised by society and 
Guaranteed and Protected by Law
• It is a Modern Idea originated in West and is the feature of Liberal 
Countries(Western Countries Having Liberal Democracy)
• Right is an Ideology of Liberalism
3 Generations of Rights
Civil-Political Rights
Social & Economical Rights
Cultural & Developmental Rights
Page 4


FUNDAMENTAL 
RIGHTS
ARTICLE 12- 35
RIGHTS
• Rights are reasonable claims as recognised by society and 
Guaranteed and Protected by Law
• It is a Modern Idea originated in West and is the feature of Liberal 
Countries(Western Countries Having Liberal Democracy)
• Right is an Ideology of Liberalism
3 Generations of Rights
Civil-Political Rights
Social & Economical Rights
Cultural & Developmental Rights
EVOLUTION OF RIGHTS
• THERE ARE THREE GENERATIONS –
• FIRST- CIVIL POLITICAL RIGHTS : INDIVIDUALISTIC BASIS EG- RIGHT 
TO EQUALITY FOR WOMEN. – PHILOSOPHY OF LIBERALISM
• SECOND- SOCIAL & ECONOMIC- CLASS IS THE BASIS- POOR , RICH , 
BACKWARDS – PHILOSOPHY OF SOCIALISM BASIS.
• THRID- CULTURAL & DEVELOPMENTAL RIGHTS- GROUP BASIS-
COMMUNITY BASED.- BASED ON PHILOSOPHY OF MULTICULTURALISM.
Page 5


FUNDAMENTAL 
RIGHTS
ARTICLE 12- 35
RIGHTS
• Rights are reasonable claims as recognised by society and 
Guaranteed and Protected by Law
• It is a Modern Idea originated in West and is the feature of Liberal 
Countries(Western Countries Having Liberal Democracy)
• Right is an Ideology of Liberalism
3 Generations of Rights
Civil-Political Rights
Social & Economical Rights
Cultural & Developmental Rights
EVOLUTION OF RIGHTS
• THERE ARE THREE GENERATIONS –
• FIRST- CIVIL POLITICAL RIGHTS : INDIVIDUALISTIC BASIS EG- RIGHT 
TO EQUALITY FOR WOMEN. – PHILOSOPHY OF LIBERALISM
• SECOND- SOCIAL & ECONOMIC- CLASS IS THE BASIS- POOR , RICH , 
BACKWARDS – PHILOSOPHY OF SOCIALISM BASIS.
• THRID- CULTURAL & DEVELOPMENTAL RIGHTS- GROUP BASIS-
COMMUNITY BASED.- BASED ON PHILOSOPHY OF MULTICULTURALISM.
MULTICULTURALISM
•IT IS POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY –
WHICH AIMS TO GRANT-
PROTECTIONTO THE RIGHTS OF 
MINORITIES.
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