PPT: Latitude & Longitude Notes | EduRev

Crash Course for UPSC aspirants

UPSC : PPT: Latitude & Longitude Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


GEOGRAPHY 
CRASH COURSE
CAPSTONE IAS LEARNING
Page 2


GEOGRAPHY 
CRASH COURSE
CAPSTONE IAS LEARNING
Latitudes and Longitudes
Page 3


GEOGRAPHY 
CRASH COURSE
CAPSTONE IAS LEARNING
Latitudes and Longitudes
•Latitudes and Longitudes are imaginary 
lines used to determine the location of a 
place on earth.
•The shape of the earth is ‘Geoi d’. And the 
location of a place on the earth can be 
mentioned in terms of latitudes and 
longitudes.
•Example: The location of New Delhi is 28° N, 
77° E
Page 4


GEOGRAPHY 
CRASH COURSE
CAPSTONE IAS LEARNING
Latitudes and Longitudes
•Latitudes and Longitudes are imaginary 
lines used to determine the location of a 
place on earth.
•The shape of the earth is ‘Geoi d’. And the 
location of a place on the earth can be 
mentioned in terms of latitudes and 
longitudes.
•Example: The location of New Delhi is 28° N, 
77° E
Latitude
• Latitude is the angular distance of a point on the earth’s surface, 
measured in degrees from the center of the earth.
• As the earth is slightly flattened at the poles, the linear 
distance of a degree of latitude at the pole is a little longer 
than that at the equator.
• For example at the equator (0°) it is 68.704 miles, at 45° it is 
69.054 miles and at the poles it is 69.407 miles. The average is 
taken as 69 miles (111km).
• 1 mile = 1.607 km.
Page 5


GEOGRAPHY 
CRASH COURSE
CAPSTONE IAS LEARNING
Latitudes and Longitudes
•Latitudes and Longitudes are imaginary 
lines used to determine the location of a 
place on earth.
•The shape of the earth is ‘Geoi d’. And the 
location of a place on the earth can be 
mentioned in terms of latitudes and 
longitudes.
•Example: The location of New Delhi is 28° N, 
77° E
Latitude
• Latitude is the angular distance of a point on the earth’s surface, 
measured in degrees from the center of the earth.
• As the earth is slightly flattened at the poles, the linear 
distance of a degree of latitude at the pole is a little longer 
than that at the equator.
• For example at the equator (0°) it is 68.704 miles, at 45° it is 
69.054 miles and at the poles it is 69.407 miles. The average is 
taken as 69 miles (111km).
• 1 mile = 1.607 km.
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