PPT: Salient Features of Monsoon Notes | EduRev

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UPSC : PPT: Salient Features of Monsoon Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


Nature of Indian 
Monsoon
Page 2


Nature of Indian 
Monsoon
Salient 
features of the 
monsoon
?Onset and advance of monsoon
?Rain-bearing systems and the 
relationship between their frequency 
and distribution of monsoon rainfall.
?Break in the monsoon
?retreat of the monsoon
Page 3


Nature of Indian 
Monsoon
Salient 
features of the 
monsoon
?Onset and advance of monsoon
?Rain-bearing systems and the 
relationship between their frequency 
and distribution of monsoon rainfall.
?Break in the monsoon
?retreat of the monsoon
Rain Bearing 
Systems and 
Distribution of 
Rainfall
? The southwest monsoon splits into two 
branches, the Arabian Sea Branch and the Bay 
of Bengal Branch near the southernmost end of 
the Indian Peninsula.
? Hence, it arrives in India in two branches: the 
Bay of Bengal branch and the Arabian Sea 
Branch
Page 4


Nature of Indian 
Monsoon
Salient 
features of the 
monsoon
?Onset and advance of monsoon
?Rain-bearing systems and the 
relationship between their frequency 
and distribution of monsoon rainfall.
?Break in the monsoon
?retreat of the monsoon
Rain Bearing 
Systems and 
Distribution of 
Rainfall
? The southwest monsoon splits into two 
branches, the Arabian Sea Branch and the Bay 
of Bengal Branch near the southernmost end of 
the Indian Peninsula.
? Hence, it arrives in India in two branches: the 
Bay of Bengal branch and the Arabian Sea 
Branch
Page 5


Nature of Indian 
Monsoon
Salient 
features of the 
monsoon
?Onset and advance of monsoon
?Rain-bearing systems and the 
relationship between their frequency 
and distribution of monsoon rainfall.
?Break in the monsoon
?retreat of the monsoon
Rain Bearing 
Systems and 
Distribution of 
Rainfall
? The southwest monsoon splits into two 
branches, the Arabian Sea Branch and the Bay 
of Bengal Branch near the southernmost end of 
the Indian Peninsula.
? Hence, it arrives in India in two branches: the 
Bay of Bengal branch and the Arabian Sea 
Branch
Arabian Sea 
further split 
into three 
branches
? One branch is obstructed by the Western Ghats. 
These winds climb the slopes of the Western Ghats 
and as a result of orographic rainfall phenomenon, 
the windward side of Ghats receives very heavy 
rainfall ranging between 250 cm and 400 cm.
? After crossing the Western Ghats, these winds 
descend and get heated up. This reduces humidity 
in the winds. 
? As a result, these winds cause little rainfall east of 
the Western Ghats. This region of low rainfall is 
known as the rain-shadow area
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