PPT: Veto Power of the President UPSC Notes | EduRev

Indian Polity for UPSC CSE

UPSC : PPT: Veto Power of the President UPSC Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


VETO POWER OF THE PRESIDENT
Page 2


VETO POWER OF THE PRESIDENT
Veto Power of the President
• A bill passed by the Parliament can become an act only if it receives the 
assent of the President.
• When such a bill is presented to the President for his assent, he has three 
alternatives (under Article 111 of the Constitution):
1. He may give his assent to the bill, or
2. He may withhold his assent to the bill, or
3. He may return the bill (if it is not a Money bill) for reconsideration of the 
Parliament.
However, if the bill is passed again by the Parliament with or without 
amendments and again presented to the President, the President must give 
his assent to the bill.
Page 3


VETO POWER OF THE PRESIDENT
Veto Power of the President
• A bill passed by the Parliament can become an act only if it receives the 
assent of the President.
• When such a bill is presented to the President for his assent, he has three 
alternatives (under Article 111 of the Constitution):
1. He may give his assent to the bill, or
2. He may withhold his assent to the bill, or
3. He may return the bill (if it is not a Money bill) for reconsideration of the 
Parliament.
However, if the bill is passed again by the Parliament with or without 
amendments and again presented to the President, the President must give 
his assent to the bill.
Veto Power of the President
• The President has the veto power over the bills passed by 
the Parliament that is, he can withhold his assent to the 
bills. The object of conferring this power on the President 
is two-fold:-
(a) To prevent hasty and ill-considered legislation by the 
Parliament; and
(b) To prevent a legislation which may be unconstitutional.
Page 4


VETO POWER OF THE PRESIDENT
Veto Power of the President
• A bill passed by the Parliament can become an act only if it receives the 
assent of the President.
• When such a bill is presented to the President for his assent, he has three 
alternatives (under Article 111 of the Constitution):
1. He may give his assent to the bill, or
2. He may withhold his assent to the bill, or
3. He may return the bill (if it is not a Money bill) for reconsideration of the 
Parliament.
However, if the bill is passed again by the Parliament with or without 
amendments and again presented to the President, the President must give 
his assent to the bill.
Veto Power of the President
• The President has the veto power over the bills passed by 
the Parliament that is, he can withhold his assent to the 
bills. The object of conferring this power on the President 
is two-fold:-
(a) To prevent hasty and ill-considered legislation by the 
Parliament; and
(b) To prevent a legislation which may be unconstitutional.
Veto Power of the President
• The veto power enjoyed by the Executive in modern states can be classified 
into the following four types:
1. Absolute veto, that is, withholding of assent to the bill passed by the 
legislature.
2. Qualified veto, which can be overridden by the legislature with a higher 
majority.
3. Suspensive veto, which can be over ridden by the legislature with an 
ordinary majority.
4. Pocket veto, that is, taking no action on the bill passed by the legislature.
Of the above four, the President of India is vested with three —absolute veto, 
suspensive veto and pocket veto. There is no Qualified veto in the case of 
Indian President; it is possessed by the American President.
Page 5


VETO POWER OF THE PRESIDENT
Veto Power of the President
• A bill passed by the Parliament can become an act only if it receives the 
assent of the President.
• When such a bill is presented to the President for his assent, he has three 
alternatives (under Article 111 of the Constitution):
1. He may give his assent to the bill, or
2. He may withhold his assent to the bill, or
3. He may return the bill (if it is not a Money bill) for reconsideration of the 
Parliament.
However, if the bill is passed again by the Parliament with or without 
amendments and again presented to the President, the President must give 
his assent to the bill.
Veto Power of the President
• The President has the veto power over the bills passed by 
the Parliament that is, he can withhold his assent to the 
bills. The object of conferring this power on the President 
is two-fold:-
(a) To prevent hasty and ill-considered legislation by the 
Parliament; and
(b) To prevent a legislation which may be unconstitutional.
Veto Power of the President
• The veto power enjoyed by the Executive in modern states can be classified 
into the following four types:
1. Absolute veto, that is, withholding of assent to the bill passed by the 
legislature.
2. Qualified veto, which can be overridden by the legislature with a higher 
majority.
3. Suspensive veto, which can be over ridden by the legislature with an 
ordinary majority.
4. Pocket veto, that is, taking no action on the bill passed by the legislature.
Of the above four, the President of India is vested with three —absolute veto, 
suspensive veto and pocket veto. There is no Qualified veto in the case of 
Indian President; it is possessed by the American President.
Absolute Veto
• It refers to the power of the President to withhold his assent to a bill 
passed by the Parliament. The bill then ends and does not become an 
act. Usually, this veto is exercised in the following two cases:
(a) With respect to private members’ bills (ie, bills introduced by any 
member of Parliament who is not a minister); and
(b) With respect to the government bills when the cabinet resigns (after 
the passage of the bills but before the assent by the President) and the 
new cabinet advises the President not to give his assent to such bills.
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