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Passage Based Questions: Legal Aptitude - 3 Notes | Study Passage Based Questions for CLAT Preparation - CLAT

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Directions: Read the following passage and answer the questions.
The recent cases of rape and sexual harassment have shocked the conscience of the country. And the cry to setup more fast-track courts that can swiftly deal with these cases has been growing. In July 2019, the Centre had proposed a plan to set up 1.023 fast-track special courts (FTSCs) that would specifically deal with pending cases of rape and cases under the Protection of Children against Sexual Offences (Pocso) Act. As of March 31, 2018, there were 1,66,882 cases of rape and Pocso Act pending in trial courts across the country.
Government has recently released a detailed plan laying out the implementation framework for the FTSCs scheme: state and UTs were given a cut-off date of December 31, 2019, within which they needed to communicate their concurrence for coming on board. Post the launch, FTSCs would be initially set up for a period of one year subject to further approval.
Delay in disposal of cases is an issue of serious concern not just at the subordinate court levels of the judiciary but at different appellate levels of the judiciary. But a lot of the government initiatives to fast track cases in courts have primarily been focussed around the subordinate courts. To reduce delays, it is important that reforms should be introduced not only in subordinate courts but in high courts as well as in the Supreme Court.
As per a reply submitted in Rajya Sabha in June 2019, close to 43 lakh cases are pending in HCs with nearly 8 lakh cases pending for more than a decade. Criminal cases arising from lower courts form a huge proportion in HCs too. As per the recent SC annual report, as of June 30,2018 there were close to 7.5 lakh criminal appeals and criminal revision cases that were pending in HCs. Allahabad HC topped the chart followed by the Madhya Pradesh HC and the Punjab and Haryana HC.
A similar trend can be seen even in the SC. Daksh’s study of the SC cases between January and November 2018 revealed that most number of judgments pertained to criminal matters, with case taking 4.6 years on an average to get disposed. Hence, it is imperative that focus should be shifted towards all the tiers of the judiciary. To render complete justice cases of certain nature should be fast- tracked all the way up till the SC and until the final execution of the punishment.

Question for Passage Based Questions: Legal Aptitude - 3
Try yourself:Citing Nirbhaya case the subordinate court completed its proceedings within 8 months, Delhi HC within a span of 6 months and SC nearly 3 years to deliver the verdict. Which of the following statements from the passage suggest laxity of the Supreme Court?
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Question for Passage Based Questions: Legal Aptitude - 3
Try yourself:The POCSO Act, 2012 confirms the right to free legal aid under Section 40, providing that the child or his/her family shall be entitled to a legal counsel of their choice, and that where they are unable to afford such counsel, they shall be entitled to receive one from the Legal Services Authority. Right to free legal aid is enshrined in which part of the constitution?
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Question for Passage Based Questions: Legal Aptitude - 3
Try yourself:Fast track special courts are courts designated for?
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Question for Passage Based Questions: Legal Aptitude - 3
Try yourself:According to the passage the validity of the Fast track courts for the state is?
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Question for Passage Based Questions: Legal Aptitude - 3
Try yourself:Delay in disposal of cases is an issue of serious concern at the subordinate as well as appellate levels of the judiciary. Which of the following is a remedy or legal remedy against such delays?
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