Previous Year Questions - The Age of Industrialisation Class 10 Notes | EduRev

Social Studies (SST) Class 10

Class 10 : Previous Year Questions - The Age of Industrialisation Class 10 Notes | EduRev

The document Previous Year Questions - The Age of Industrialisation Class 10 Notes | EduRev is a part of the Class 10 Course Social Studies (SST) Class 10.
All you need of Class 10 at this link: Class 10

SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS

Q.1. Why did Indian businessmen/manufacturers avoid competing with Manchester goods in the Indian markets ? Explain the reasons.
Or
Describe any three major problems faced by Indian cotton weavers in nineteenth century.    [CBSE 2018]
Ans: 
(i) The Indian market was glutted with Manchester goods.
(ii) Produced by machines at lower costs, the imported cotton goods were very cheap and the weavers could not easily compete with them.
(iii) Insufficient supply of raw cotton of good quality : During the American Civil War, Britain could not get cotton supplies from the US. Thus, raw cotton was exported from India to Britain. As a result of this, the Indian weavers could not get supplies and sometimes, they were forced to buy at high prices.

Q.2. Why did merchants from towns in Europe begin to move countryside in 17th and 18th centuries    [CBSE 2018]
Ans:
With the expansion of world trade and the acquisition of colonies, the demand for goods had increased. Production could not expand due to powerful urban guilds who regulated and restricted the entry of new people. So it was difficult to set up business in towns. So the merchants turned to the countryside.

Q.3. Why did the merchants from the towns in Europe move to countryside during the 17th and 18th centuries ? Why were the merchants not able to expand production with in the towns of England ?    [CBSE 2016-17]
Ans: In the seventeenth century, merchants from towns in Europe began employing peasants and artisans within the villages.
(i) In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, the demand for goods had increased due to acquisition of colonies.
(ii) The merchants could not increase production in town due to the existence of powerful urban crafts and trade guilds.
(iii) In the countryside with the disappearance of open fields and enclosure of common lands, the peasants needed alternative source of income.
(iv) The peasants agreed to do work for merchants because they could remain in the countryside and could also cultivate their small plots of land with all the family members.

Q.4. What were guilds ? How did they make it difficult for new merchants to set business in towns of England. Explain.    [CBSE 2016-17]
Ans: 
In the seventeenth century, merchants from towns in Europe began employing peasants and artisans within the villages.
(i) In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, the demand for goods had increased due to acquisition of colonies.
(ii) The merchants could not increase production in town due to the existence of powerful urban crafts and trade guilds.
(iii) In the countryside with the disappearance of open fields and enclosure of common lands, the peasants needed alternative source of income.
(iv) The peasants agreed to do work for merchants because they could remain in the countryside and could also cultivate their small plots of land with all the family members.

Q.5. Describe the contribution of Dwarkanath Tagore as an entrepreneur of Bengal.
Or
Analyse the contribution of Dwarkanath Tagore in the field of industrial development.    [CBSE 2016-17]

Ans: The contributions of Dwarkanath Tagore are mentioned below:
(i) He became Junior player in the China Trade.
(ii) He played a vital role in setting up six joint stock companies in 1830’s and 1840’s.
(iii) He invested in shipping, ship building, mining, banking, plantations and insurance.


LONG ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS

Q.1. “Series of changes affected the pattern of industrialisation in India by the early 20th Century.” Analyze the statement.    [CBSE Delhi 2019]
Ans:
(i) Swadeshi and Boycott Movements : The launching of Swadeshi and Boycott Movements alter the Partition of Bengal provided impetus to indian industries. There was an increase in the demand of Indian goods, especially of clothes.
(ii) Industrial groups :As the Swadeshi Movement gathered momentum in India, the nationalists mobilised people to boycott foreign doth and other goods. Industrial groups organised themselves to protect their collective interests pressurising the government to increase tariff protection and grant other concessions.
(iii) Decline of exports to China :From 1906, export of Indian yarn to China declined since produce from Chinese and Japanese mills had flooded the Chinese markets. So Indian industrialists shifted their interest from yarn to cloth productioh leading to considerable production of cotton piece goods.
(iv) The beginning of First World War created a; new situation. Since British mills were busy in producing war materials to meet their own war needs, export of goods to India declined. This gave an opportunity to Indian industries to thrive. Indian mills now had a vast home market to supply.
(v) As the war continued, Indian factories were called upon to supply war needs, such as jute bags, cloth for army uniform, tents, leather boots, horse and mule saddles, etc. New factories were set up and old factories ran double shift.
(vi) After the war, industries in Britain got a severe setback. In India however local industrialists gradually consolidated their position substituting foreign manufactures and capturing home market. Handicraft production also expanded in the 20th century.

Q.2. What kind of lives did the workers lead during Industrial Revolution?
OR
Describe the life o f workers during the nineteenth century in England. [CBSE 2019]
Ans: 
(i) As news of possible jobs reached the countryside, hundreds left for the cities.
(ii) If one had a relative or a friend in a factory, he was more likely to get a job quickly.
(iii) Many jo b seek ers had to wait for weeks, spending nights under bridge or in night shelters.
(iv) Seasonality o f work in many industries meant longer periods without work. After the busy season was over, the poor were on the streets again.
(v) The period of employment, the number of days of work determined the average daily income of the workers.

Q.3. How did the job-seekers spend their nights in Britain ?    [CBSE 2016-17]
Ans:
The job-seekers spent their nights as mentioned below :
(i) Many job-seekers had to wait weeks spending nights under bridges or in night shelters.
(ii) The shelters were maintained under the supervision of the Poor Law Commissioners for the ‘destitute, wayfarers, wanderers and foundling.’ Staying in these warehouses was a humiliating experience.
(iii) Everyone was subjected to a medical examination to see whether they were carrying disease, their bodies were cleansed and their clothes purified. They had to also do hard labour.
(iv) Some stayed in Night Refuges that were set up by private individuals.
(v) Some went to the Casual Wards maintained by the Poor Law authorities.

Q.4. Who was a jobber ? Describe his functions and position.    [CBSE 2016-17]
Ans:
He was a person who was employed by the industrialists to get new recruits. He was generally an old and trusted worker.
Functions and position of a jobber :
(i) His main function was to get new recruits.
(ii) He generally got people from his village and ensured them jobs.
(iii) He helped them settle in the city and provided them money in times of crisis.
(iv) He was a person with some authority and power.

Offer running on EduRev: Apply code STAYHOME200 to get INR 200 off on our premium plan EduRev Infinity!

Related Searches

video lectures

,

Previous Year Questions - The Age of Industrialisation Class 10 Notes | EduRev

,

Summary

,

Semester Notes

,

practice quizzes

,

Viva Questions

,

ppt

,

Objective type Questions

,

shortcuts and tricks

,

mock tests for examination

,

Previous Year Questions - The Age of Industrialisation Class 10 Notes | EduRev

,

pdf

,

Previous Year Questions with Solutions

,

Previous Year Questions - The Age of Industrialisation Class 10 Notes | EduRev

,

study material

,

Extra Questions

,

Exam

,

past year papers

,

Free

,

Important questions

,

MCQs

,

Sample Paper

;