Shankar IAS: Summary of Environmental Organizations UPSC Notes | EduRev

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THE ANIMAL WELFARE BOARD OF INDIA

  • Statutory advisory body on Animal Welfare Laws and promotes animal welfare in the country
  • The Animal Welfare Board of India, the first of its kind to be established by any Government in the world, was set up in 1962, in accordance with Section 4 of the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Acts 1960
  • Shrimati Rukmini Devi Arundale pioneered the setting up of the Board 
  • The Animal Welfare Board of India (AWBI). Headauartered at Ballabhgarh in Haryana state,(Before it was in Chennai-Latest 2018 Updated)

(i) Functions

  • To keep the law in force in India for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals under constant Study and to advise the government on the amendments to be undertaken in any such law from time to time.
  • To advise the Central Government on the making of rules under the Act with a view to preventing unnecessary pain or suffering to animals generally, and more particularly when they are being transported from one place to another or when they are used as performing animals or when they are kept in captivity or confinement.
  • To take all such steps as the Board may think fit for amelioration of animals by encouraging, or providing for the construction of sheds, water troughs and the like and by providing for veterinary assistance to animals. 
  • To advise the Government or any local authority or other person in the design of slaughter houses
  • To take all such steps as the Board may think fit to ensure that unwanted animals are destroyed by local authorities
  • To encourage by the grant of financial assistance or otherwise, the formation or establishment of pinjarapoles, rescue homes, animals sanctuaries and the like, where animals and birds may find a shelter when they have become old and useless or when they need protection. 
  • To advise the Government on matters relating to the medical care and attention which maybe Provided in animal hospitals, and to give financial and other assistance to animal hospitals Whenever the Board think it is necessary to do so.
  • The Board consists of 28 Members. The term of office of Members is for a period of 3 years

CENTRAL ZOO AUTHORITY

The amendment made to the Wild Life (Protection) Act in 1991 added a new chapter dealing With zoos to the Act and allowed for the Central Government to constitute an authority known as the Central Zoo Authority

Imp Functions

  • To specify the minimum standards for housing, upkeep and veterinary care of animals kept in a zoo
  • To identify endangered species of wild animals for purposes of captive breeding and assigning responsibility in this regard to a zoo
  • To co-ordinate the acquisition, exchange and loaning of animals for breeding purposes
  • To ensure maintenance of stud-books, of endangered species of wild animals bred in captivity 
  • To co-ordinate training of zoo personnel in India and abroad

THE NATIONAL BIODIVERSITY AUTHORITY OF INDIA-CHENNAI

  • Established in 2003 to implement India’s Biological Diversity Act (2002).
  • The NBA is a Statutory, Autonomous Body and it performs facilitative, regulatory and advisory function for the Government of India on issues of, conservation, sustainable use of biological resources- and fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the use of biological resources.

(i) Objectives of the NBA

  • Anybody seeking any kind of intellectual, property rights on a research based upon Biological resource or knowledge obtained from India has to obtain prior approval of the NBA.
  • The NBA will impose benefit-sharing conditions.

(ii) Main functions:

  • The National biodiversity Authority may
    (i) A-advise the Central Government on matters relation into-the conservation of biodiversity, sustainable use of its components
    (ii) B-advise the State Governments in the selection of areas of biodiversity importance to be notified as heritage sites and measures for the management of such Heritage sites;
  • The National Biodiversity Authority may, on behalf of the Central Government, take any measures necessary to oppose the grant of intellectual property rights in any country outside India on any biological resource obtained from India or knowledge associated with such biological resource which is derived from India.

WILDLIFE CRIME CONTROL BUREAU (WCCB)

The Government of India constituted a statutory body, the Wildlife Crime Control Bureau on 6th June 2007, by amending the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972. The bureau would complement the efforts of the state governments, primary enforcers of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 and other enforcement agencies of the country.

(i) Functions

  • Collection, collation of intelligence and its dissemination and establishment of a Centralized Wildlife Crime data bank; 
  • Co-ordination of actions by various enforcement authorities towards the implementation of the provisions of this Act.
  • Assistance to concerned authorities in foreign countries and concerned international 
  • Development of infrastructure and capacity building for Scientific and professional investigation; organizations to facilitate co-ordination and universal action for wildlife crime control;
  • Implementation of obligations under the various international Conventions and protocols
  • Advice the Government of India on issues relating to wildlife crimes having national and International ramifications, and suggest changes required in relevant policy and laws from time to time.

(ii) NATIONAL LAKE CONSERVATION PLAN (NLCP)
Ministry of Environment and Forests for conservation and management of polluted and degraded lakes in urban and semi-urban areas through an integrated ecosystem approach.

Activities Covered Under NLCP

  • Prevention of pollution from point sources by intercepting, diverting and treating the pollution loads entering the lake.
  • In situ measures of lake cleaning such as de-silting, de-weeding, bioremediation, aeration, biomanipulation, nutrient reduction, withdrawal of anoxic hypolimn ion, constructed wetland approach or any other successfully tested eco-technologies etc depending upon the site conditions.
  • Lake front eco-development including public interface. 
  • Solid waste management & provision of dhobi ghats is generally not covered under NLCP. 
  • Prevention of pollution from non-point sources by providing low cost sanitation. Public awareness 
  • And public participation. Capacity building, training and research in the area of Lake Conservation.

NATIONAL GANGA RIVER BASIN AUTHORITY (NGRBA)

  • NGRBA was constituted on February 2009 under the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.
  • The objective of the NGRBA is to ensure effective Abatement of pollution and conservation
  • The Authority has both regulatory and developmental functions. 
  • The NGRBA is a planning, financing, monitoring and coordinating body of the centre and the states. Of the river Ganga by adopting a river basin approach for comprehensive planning and management.
  • Development of a river basin management plan;
WILDLIFE TRUST OF INDIA
  • NGO founded: 1998
  • Aim: To conserve nature, especially endangered species and threatened habitats, in partnership with communities and governments.
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