Ques 1: Some Nepalese students were discussing the proposals on adoption of federalism in their new Constitution. This is what some of them said.
Khag Raj: I don’t like federalism. It would lead to reservation of seats for different caste groups as in India.
Sarita: Ours is not a very big country. We don’t need federalism.
Babulal: I am hopeful that the Terai areas will get more autonomy if they get their own state government.
Ram Ganesh: I like federalism because it will mean that powers that were earlier enjoyed by the king will now be exercised by our elected representatives.
(a) What would be your response to each of these?
(b) Which of these reflect a wrong understanding of what federalism is?
(c) What makes India a federal country?
Ans: (a) I would agree with Ram Ganesh. He understands that federalism means power-sharing and not dictatorship. Sarita has a wrong perspective of Federalism. Federalism does not depend on size.
(b) Belgium is an example of a small country following federalism. Federalism accommodates all divisions and differences. Khag Raj does not realise that if there are social divisions, they have to be accommodated and minority divisions are to be protected as in India.
(c) India is a land of diversity with so many languages, religions and regions. So the powers had to be shared to avoid conflict. No group can be allowed to dominate.
Ques 2: Give three reasons for decentralisation of power.
Ques 3: List the main features of the 73rd Amendment Act.
Ques 4: Seats are reserved for women in the local self-government. Seeing the position of women in India as well as the corruption in politics, how far do you think this reservation will help? (HOTS)
Ans: Reservation of seats for women is a major step towards enhancement of democracy in India.
But seeing the power politics and corruption in India, participation of women in election is still very difficult. However, now when the seats are reserved for them, at least some women would come forward to participate in the elections.
Ques 5: What is the dual objective of the federal system? What is required to fulfill them?
Ques 6: What is the role of judiciary in implementing federalism?
Ques 7: What are the steps taken by our Constitution to safeguard the different languages?
Ques 8: Why was third-tier of the government created?
Ques 9: Write a note on the local government bodies in urban areas.
Ques 10: How can you say that the new system of local government is the largest experiment in democracy conducted anywhere in the world?
|1. What is federalism?|
|2. What are the advantages of federalism?|
|3. What are the disadvantages of federalism?|
|4. How does federalism affect the distribution of power in a country?|
|5. What is the role of the Supreme Court in federalism?|