(Page No - 18)
Why is respiration considered an exothermic process?
Respiration is an exothermic process because energy is produced during this process.
On what basis is a chemical equation balanced?
A balanced chemical equation has an equal number of atoms of different elements in the reactants and
What happens chemically when quicklime is added to water filled in a bucket?
When quicklime is added to water, it forms slaked lime along with the evolution of heat. There will be a rise in the temperature of the bucket.
Why should magnesium ribbon be cleaned before burning in air?
should be cleaned before burning in the air to remove the protective layer of
basic magnesium carbonate from its surface.
State whether the following statement is true or false :
A chemical equation can be balanced easily by altering the formula of a reactant or product.
What is wrong with the following chemical equation?
Mg + O ——— > MgO
Correct and balance it.
Oxygen should be in molecular form, O2
2Mg + O2 —–> 2MgO
What does the symbol (aq) represent in a chemical equation?
The symbol (aq)
represents an aqueous solution in a chemical equation.
Why is photosynthesis considered an endothermic reaction?
Photosynthesis is an
endothermic reaction because sunlight energy is absorbed by green plants
during this process.
How will you indicate the following effects in a chemical equation?
(a) A solution made in water
(b) Exothermic reaction
(c) Endothermic reaction
(a) Aqueous solution is indicated by the symbol ‘aq’.
An exothermic reaction is indicated by writing “+Heat” or “+Heat energy” or “+Energy” on the product's side of an equation.
An endothermic reaction is indicated by writing “+Heat” or “+Heat energy” or “+Energy” on the reactants side of an equation.
Translate the following statements into chemical equations and then balance the equations :
(a) Hydrogen sulphide gas burns in the air to give water and sulphur dioxide.
(b) Phosphorus burns in oxygen to give phosphorus pentoxide.
(c) Carbon disulphide burns in the air to give carbon dioxide and sulphur dioxide.
(d) Aluminium metal replaces iron from ferric oxide, Fe2O3, giving aluminium oxide and iron.
(e) Barium chloride reacts with zinc sulphate to give zinc chloride and barium sulphate.
(a) 2H2S + 3O2 —–> 2H2O + 2SO2
(b) P4 + 5O2 —–> 2P2O5
(c) CS2 + 3O2 —–> CO2 + 2SO2
(d) 2Al + Fe2O3 —–> Al2O3 + 2Fe
(e) BaCl2 + ZnSO4 —–> ZnCl2 + BaSO4
Write the balanced chemical equations for the following reactions :
(a) Calcium hydroxide + Carbon dioxide ——– > Calcium carbonate + Water
(b) Aluminium + Copper chloride ——– > Aluminium chloride + Copper
(a) Ca(OH)2 + CO2 —–> CaCO3 + H2O
2Al + 3CuCl2 —–> 2AlCl3 + 3Cu
(Page No - 19)
Complete and balance the following equations :
(a) NaOH + ………… —–> Na2S04 + H20
(b) Ca(OH)2 + ……….—–> CaC03 + H20
(a) 2NaOH + H2SO4 —–> Na2SO4 + 2H2O
(b) Ca(OH)2 + CO2 —–> CaCO3 + H2O
Correct and balance the following equations :
Write complete balanced equations for the following reactions :
(a) Calcium (solid) + Water (liquid) —–> Calcium hydroxide (solution) + Hydrogen (gas)
(b) Sulphur dioxide (gas) + Oxygen (gas) —–> Sulphur trioxide (gas)
(a) Ca (s) + 2H2O(l) —–> Ca(OH)2(aq) + H2 (g)
(b) 2SO2(g) + O2 (g) —–> 2SO3(g)
Fill in the following blanks with suitable words :
(a) Chemical equations are balanced to satisfy the law of…….
(b) A solution made in water is known as an………. solution and indicated by the symbol…………….
(a) Conservation of mass
(b) Aqueous; (aq)
(a) Give one example of a chemical reaction.
(b) State two characteristics of the chemical reaction which takes place when dilute sulphuric acid is poured over zinc granules.
(c) Give two characteristics of the chemical reaction which occurs on adding potassium iodide solution to lead nitrate solution.
(a) Magnesium Ribbon is heated in the presence of air to form a white powder called magnesium oxide.
(b) When dilute sulphuric acid is poured over zinc granules
Formation of hydrogen gas
(c) A yellow precipitate is formed.
(a) What is a chemical equation? Explain with the help of an example.
(b) Giving examples, state the difference between balanced and unbalanced chemical equations.
(c) Balance the following chemical equations :
(a) The method of representing a chemical reaction with the help of symbols and formulae of substances involved in it is called a chemical equation.
Example: Zinc metal reacts with dilute sulphuric acid to form zinc sulphate and hydrogen gas. This equation is written as: Zn + H2SO4 —–> ZnSO4 + H2
(b) A balanced chemical equation has an equal number of atoms of different elements in the reactants and products. It has equal masses of various elements in the reactants and products.
Example: Zn + H2SO4 —–> ZnSO4 + H2
An unbalanced chemical equation has an unequal number of atoms of one or more elements in the reactants and products. It has unequal masses of various elements in the reactants and products.
Example: H2 + O2 —–> 2H2O
(c) 2NH3 —–> N2 + 3H2
When hydrogen is passed over copper oxide, copper and steam are formed. Write a balanced equation for this reaction and state which of the chemicals are :
H2 + CuO —–> Cu + H2O
(a) What are the various ways in which a chemical equation can be made more informative? Give examples to illustrate your answer.
(b) Write a balanced chemical equation from the following information :
An aqueous calcium hydroxide solution (lime water) reacts with carbon dioxide gas to produce a solid calcium carbonate precipitate and water.
(a) The various ways in which a chemical equation can be made more informative are :
(i) By indicating the physical states of the reactants and products. Example: Gaseous state is indicated by the symbol (g).
Zn (s) + H2SO4 (aq) —–> ZnSO4 (aq) + H2 (g)
(ii) By indicating the heat changes taking place in the reaction. For xxample: An exothermic reaction is indicated by writing “+Heat” or “+Heat energy” or “+Energy” on the products side of an equation.
C (s) + O2 (g) —–> CO2 (g) + Heat
(iii) By indicating the “conditions” under which the reaction takes place.
Example: Delta stands for heat which is written over the arrow of the equation.
(b) Ca(OH)2 (aq) + CO2 (g) —–> CaCO3 (s) + H2O (l)
(a) What is a balanced chemical equation? Why should chemical equations be balanced?
(b) Aluminium burns in chlorine to form aluminium chloride (AlCl3). Write a balanced chemical equation for this reaction.
(c) Potassium metal reacts with water to give potassium hydroxide and hydrogen gas. Write a balanced chemical equation for this reaction.
(a) A balanced chemical equation has an equal number of atoms of different elements in the reactants and products. It has equal masses of various elements in the reactants and products. A chemical equation should be balanced to satisfy the law of conservation of chemical reactions.
(b) 2Al + 3Cl2 —–> 2AlCl3
(c) 2K + 2H2O —–> 2KOH + H2
|1. What are chemical reactions?|
|2. How are chemical equations written?|
|3. What is the importance of balancing chemical equations?|
|4. How can we identify chemical reactions?|
|5. What are the different types of chemical reactions?|