UPSC Exam  >  UPSC Notes  >  Syllabus and Strategy to study Indian Economy for UPSC - CSE Prelims

Syllabus and Strategy to study Indian Economy for UPSC - CSE Prelims PDF Download

Indian Economy is an interesting topic and as future administrators, UPSC aspirants need to possess a reasonably good understanding of the basic tenets of economics.

  • What makes a country run, how its finances are managed, the basic terms and definitions frequently in news, basic banking operations, budget, etc. are topics that have to be read about. 
  • Studying Economy has a close association with present-day events. In the recent UPSC Examinations, a majority of economics-related queries were not solely based on facts but were interlinked with current affairs.

Syllabus and Strategy to study Indian Economy for UPSC - CSE Prelims

Importance of Economy as a subject

The economy of any country serves as the foundation for its growth and development. As a potential member of the bureaucracy, it is important to have a sound understanding of how the Indian economy works. The GS III paper in UPSC CSE Mains assesses the candidate’s knowledge in this regard. Indian economy is also included in the General Studies Paper in Prelims wherein the major focus is on the budget allocation and recently launched schemes.

Syllabus and Strategy to study Indian Economy for UPSC - CSE Prelims

Indian economy is included in all the three stages of the UPSC CSE exam, hence, it is pertinent to prepare it extremely well. Questions related to recent development and growth vis-a-vis industry, agriculture, trade, and transportation are asked in prelims, mains, and even during the interview process.

How to Prepare for the Indian Economy

The teachers of EduRev, who have mentored thousands of students in the last 3-years, including Anudeep Durishetty AIR 1 UPSC CSE 2017, Monica Kishore AIR 41 2018, Swati Sharma AIR 18 2019 & others, and found one thing that was common among all the toppers is the strategy that they had to prepare for the exam. So, keeping that in mind, we wish to provide you with relevant information as a UPSC Aspirant, helping you to devise your strategy, which would save tonnes of your valuable and limited time and ensure that you get great marks in the exam by studying what actually matters in the preparation.

Step 1: Understand the Syllabus of the Indian Economy 

The syllabus of Indian Economy in the official notification of UPSC is given as: Economic and Social Development-Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, etc.

Syllabus and Strategy to study Indian Economy for UPSC - CSE Prelims

EduRev team has explained the topics for your understanding researching from previous year papers & best books recommended by the toppers:

1. Introduction to Economics: What is Economy?; Macro & Micro Economics; Economic System; Defining Economics

2. Growth, Development, and HappinessIntroduction; Progress; Economic Growth; Economic Development; Happiness; Insights into Human Behaviour; Nudge and Public Policy

3. Evolution of the Indian Economy: The Background; Prime Moving Force: Agriculture vs. Industry; Planned and Mixed Economy; Emphasis on the Public Sector

4. Economic PlanningIntroduction; Definition; Origin and Expansion of Planning; Types of Planning

5. Planning in IndiaIntroduction; Background; Major Objectives of Planning; Planning Commission; National Development Council; Central Planning; Multi-Level Planning

Way to Decentralised Planning; The Planning Commission & The Finance Commission; A Critical Evaluation; Inclusive Growth; NITI Aayog; Major Documents of the NITI; NITI Performs

6. Economic Reforms: Introduction; Economic Reforms; Economic Reforms in India; Liberalisation; Privatisation; Globalisation; Generations of Economic Reforms; The Reform Approach

7. Inflation and Business CycleIntroduction; Types of Inflation; Other Variants of Inflation; Other Important Terms; Wholesale Price Index; Consumer Price Index; Producer Price Index; Housing Price Index; Service Price Index & all. 

8. Agriculture and Food ManagementIntroduction; Green Revolution; Food Management; Farm Subsidies; Food Security; Farm Mechanisation; National Food Security Act & all. 

9. Industry and InfrastructureIntroduction; Review Of Industrial Policies Upto 1986; New Industrial Policy, 1991; Disinvestment; MSME Sector; Make In India; Start-Up India & all. 

10. Services SectorIntroduction; Overall Performance; Trade-In Services; Sectoral Situation; Offshore Fund Management; Manufacturing Vs. Services; Global Negotiations; Restrictions And Regulations; The Need For Reforms; Outlining FUTURE; 

11. Indian Financial Market: Introduction; Indian Money Market; Mutual Funds; Dfhi; Indian Capital Market; Financial Regulation; 

12. Banking in India: Introduction; Reserve Bank Of India; Monetary Policy;  Nationalisation And Development Of Banking In India; Financial Sector Reforms; Banking Sector Reforms & others

13. Insurance in India: Definition; Insurance Industry; Aicil; Insurance Reforms; Reinsurance; Deposit Insurance And Credit Guarantee Corporation (Dicgc);  Export Credit Guarantee Corporation (Ecgc) & all. 

14. Security Market in India: Definition; Primary And Secondary Markets; Stock Exchange; Sebi; Commodity Trading & all. 

15. External Sector in IndiaDefinition; Forex Reserves; External Debt; Fixed Currency Regime; Floating Currency Regime; Managed Exchange Rates; Foreign Exchange Market; Exchange Rate In India & all. 

16. International Economic Organisations & IndiaInternational Monetary System; International Monetary Fund; World Bank; Asian Development Bank; Oecd; World Trade Organization (WTO) & all. 

17. Tax Structure in India: Tax; Methods Of Taxation; A Good Tax System; Methods Of Expenditure; Value Added Tax; Goods And Services Tax; Commodities Transaction Tax; Securities Transaction Tax; Capital Gains Tax; Minimum Alternate Tax; Corporate Tax Reform & all. 

18. Public Finance in India: Introduction; Budget; Deficit Financing; Fiscal Policy; Indian Fiscal Situation: A Summary; Limiting Government Expenditure; Fiscal Consolidation In India; Output-Outcome Framework; Types Of Budgets & all. 

19. Sustainability and the Climate Change: India & the World: Introduction; Global Emissions; Sustainable Development Goals & all. 

20. Human Development in India: Introduction; Human Development; Gender Issues; Poverty Estimates; Promoting Inclusive Growth; Demographics; Socio-Economic And Caste Census;  Education For All; Skill Development & all. 

21. Burning Socio-Economic IssuesEconomic Impact Of The Covid-19; Exploring A New Economic Model; From Green Revolution To Green Methods; Bad Bank & all.

Step 2: Analyze Previous Year Questions (PYQs)

Once you’re through the syllabus, pick up the previous year's papers and skim through them to get an understanding of what is actually asked in the exam.

  • Solving previous year prelims question papers can aid a candidate in understanding the nature of questions and prepare accordingly.
  • Understand the type of questions that are being asked in the UPSC exam. 
  • You can get the last 10-years of UPSC Prelims & Mains papers from here - UPSC Previous Year Question Papers.
  • You can also refer to the topic-wise questions of the Indian Economy from the last 25-years here.

Step 3: Build your Foundation: NCERTs

Syllabus and Strategy to study Indian Economy for UPSC - CSE Prelims

  • Read NCERT books thoroughly to build your foundation.
  • If you are someone with a non-commerce background and finding it difficult to comprehend even the simple economic topics, then it is recommended to start from the basics and refer to Class XI NCERT Economic book.
  • Must Read NCERTs for Indian Economy: Class 11 NCERT Indian Economic Development, Class 12 Macroeconomics
  • If you’ve ample time, you should read all the Class 9 to Class 12 NCERTs for Economics, available here

Step 4: Read Important Reference Books: Ramesh Singh & Others

  • After you’re done with NCERTs, supplement your knowledge by reading IGNOU/NIOS notes. You do not need to read them cover to cover, just read through the relevant chapters that are a part of the UPSC economy syllabus.

Syllabus and Strategy to study Indian Economy for UPSC - CSE Prelims

  • Next, you need to cover basic books like Indian Economy by Ramesh Singh and Indian Economy Key Concepts by Shankar Ganesh. 
  • These books are specifically written for CSE preparation, hence are very helpful in covering the entire syllabus very strategically. 
  • You can find the summaries & MCQ tests of Indian Economy by  Ramesh Singh here

Syllabus and Strategy to study Indian Economy for UPSC - CSE Prelims

Step 5: Perfect Your Concepts through Video Lectures & Detailed Notes.

  • Once you've studied all the mentioned books, you should refer to a single source of notes & video lectures which will help you to strengthen the concepts and understand the same topic from a different perspective. And along with that, you should continuously keep attempting topic-wise tests regularly.
  • This will give you a fair idea of Geography subject and will help you to keep things in mind for a longer period of time.
  • Regular revisions through notes and video lectures can help strengthen the basics and boost one’s confidence in the subject. You can get topic-wise notes & video lectures in the Geography course on EduRev, available on this link

Step 6: Attempt Topicwise Tests 

Syllabus and Strategy to study Indian Economy for UPSC - CSE Prelims

  • Along with video lectures and detailed notes, you should continuously keep attempting topic-wise tests regularly. 
  • Regular revisions by practicing MCQs can help strengthen the basics and boost one’s confidence in the subject. You get topic-wise tests, in the Indian Economy course on EduRev, available on this link
  • MCQ Tests on all the topics (& sub-topics) of Indian Economy subject are helpful for clear understanding, proper practice, and quick revision. These tests will help you in self-evaluation and you can check, whether you've understood a topic completely. 
  • You can get the previous year's papers of UPSC Prelims & Mains here
  • And questions from the last 25-years of UPSC prelims are arranged topic-wise here.

Step 7: Focus on Newspapers, Current Affairs, Budget & Economic Survey

Syllabus and Strategy to study Indian Economy for UPSC - CSE Prelims

  • Current affairs play a very important role especially for economy subject as it covers the recent developments in Indian economy. Read The Hindu Newspaper to cover the current affairs of economy portion for UPSC preparation.
  • You can go through current Affairs from the monthly & weekly compilation to study the recent updates related to the Indian Economy, which you can easily find here.
  • Budget & Economy Survey are two documents that get released annually. Do not go through whole Budget and Economy Survey booklets instead purchase summaries of Budget and Economy Survey available in the market (summary of the Budget is available here and summary of Economic Survey is available here)
  • Read editorials from the Hindu and articles from monthly magazines like Monthly Yojana Magazine (English) and Kurukshetra and prepare notes from them. Next, keep revising them to retain the concepts.  
  • Stay updated with current affairs from Current Affairs & Hindu Analysis: Daily, Weekly & Monthly course on EduRev.

Step 8: Improve your understanding by Answer Writing

Syllabus and Strategy to study Indian Economy for UPSC - CSE Prelims

  • As the pattern of the paper is evolving the candidate's horizontal expansion of the knowledge as well as the vertical limit of understanding of the topic is expected in a balanced proportion. 
  • There are a number of events happening around the year and the candidates have to take a close watch on the current scenario and recommend monthly current affairs for better understanding on the same.
  • EduRev’s course on Essays provides you with sample essays to help you understand the pattern of essays.
  • You should keep practicing by making your notes around various topics. 

Step 9: Mock Tests of Indian Economy

Attempt mock tests to understand your level of preparation and for self-evaluation. You can find subject-wise mock tests of the Indian Economy in the UPSC CSE Prelims Mock Test Series.

EduRev has provided all the study material & tests which matters in your preparation for UPSC, compiled under multiple courses. You can refer to this document “How to study Indian Economy using the EduRev App? ” to understand it better & ace the exam smartly.

1. Courses for all the subjects with detailed notes, video lectures & tests are available on EduRev:
History for UPSC CSE, Geography for UPSC CSE, Indian Polity for UPSC CSE, Science & Technology for UPSC CSE, Economy for UPSC CSE & others.
Syllabus and Strategy to study Indian Economy for UPSC - CSE Prelims

2. Check-Out subject wise Syllabus, Booklist & Strategy from these links: 

Happy Learning with EduRev!

The document Syllabus and Strategy to study Indian Economy for UPSC - CSE Prelims is a part of UPSC category.
All you need of UPSC at this link: UPSC
Download as PDF
Explore Courses for UPSC exam

How to Prepare for UPSC

Read our guide to prepare for UPSC which is created by Toppers & the best Teachers
Signup for Free!
Signup to see your scores go up within 7 days! Learn & Practice with 1000+ FREE Notes, Videos & Tests.
10M+ students study on EduRev
Download the FREE EduRev App
Track your progress, build streaks, highlight & save important lessons and more!
Related Searches



Syllabus and Strategy to study Indian Economy for UPSC - CSE Prelims


mock tests for examination


shortcuts and tricks


Viva Questions


Previous Year Questions with Solutions




study material




Important questions


Syllabus and Strategy to study Indian Economy for UPSC - CSE Prelims


Sample Paper


Objective type Questions


video lectures






past year papers




practice quizzes


Extra Questions


Semester Notes


Syllabus and Strategy to study Indian Economy for UPSC - CSE Prelims