Science & Technology is one of the fairly important subjects with respect to both UPSC CS Prelims and UPSC CS (Main) examination. It is included in the GS III paper for UPSC CS(Main) and General Studies paper in Prelims.
Year-Wise Science and Technology IAS Prelims Questions
The experts of EduRev, who've mentored thousands of students, including Anudeep Durishetty AIR 2017, Monica Kishore AIR 41 2018, Swati Sharma AIR 18 2019 & others, has compiled the syllabus & strategy for Science & Technology to help you prepare smartly for the exam, by providing you with the right guidance and relevant information. Our objective is to ensure that you should study what actually matters in the exam.
Questions related to current developments in science and technology are asked in Prelims. However, it is important to have a theoretical understanding of the static syllabus of the subject to qualify the exam with a good rank. Since this particular subject is boundless, you need to stick to the syllabus while preparing for the Science & Technology portion. Hence, always keep a copy of the syllabus in front of you and check if the topic is mentioned in the syllabus.
Let us first check what the UPSC syllabus tells about this section:
1. UPSC Prelims: General Science
2. UPSC Mains: Paper-III General Studies-III 250 Marks (Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)
EduRev's team has listed the micro-topics for Science & Technology for UPSC and also discussed the preparation strategy to effectively cover the syllabus and helps you study what actually matters to crack the exam:
1. Physics: The Big Bang Theory, Quantum Mechanics, Fermions and Bosons, Four Fundamental Forces of Nature, Dark Matter, Negative Matter, Higgs Boson, Gravitational Waves, REE (rare Earth Element), FRP Composite Material & Applications, General Physics, Archimedes Principle, Unit & Measurement, Work, Energy, Power, Simple Pendulum & Restoring Force, Surface Tension, Elasticity, Nanotechnology.
2. Chemistry: Atoms & Molecules, Elements, Compounds & Mixtures, Basics of Nuclear Chemistry, Chemicals in Food: Artificial Sweetening Agents, Food Preservatives. Drugs: Antacid, Antihistamines, Neurologically Active Drugs -Tranquilizers, Analgesics. Antimicrobials - Antibiotics, Antiseptic and Disinfectant, Anti-Fertility Drugs, etc. Cleansing Agents: Soaps, Synthetic detergents, Glass, Water Softener, Water Purification/ Disinfection, Microwave Oven, etc.
3. Biology: Viral Diseases, Microbes, Cells - Plants vs Animals, Proteins, Amino Acids, Enzymes, Vitamins and Minerals – Deficiency Diseases, Fats: Healthy Fats and Unhealthy Fats, Human Digestive System, Respiratory System, Human Nervous System, Human Brain, Muscular and Skeletal System, DNA and RNA, Mitosis & Meiosis
4. Information Technology: Artificial Intelligence, IoT, Blockchain Technology, Automation, Net Neutrality3, Cyber Viruses
5. Achievements of Indians in Science & Technology: Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman, Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose, Satyendra Nath Bose, Meghnad Saha, Homi Jehangir Bhabha, Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, Vikram Sarabhai, Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya, Har Gobind Khorana, Tessy Thomas, C.N.R. Rao.
6. Indigenization of Technology & Developing New Technology: IT & Computers, Space technology: ISRO, GSLV, GSAT, INSAT, Scramjet Engine, Cryogenic Technology, Mars Orbit, Chardrayaan 1 & 2.
Biotechnology: Genetically Modified Crops, Anti Microbial Resistance, Gene Editing, Genome India Project, Robotics.
Defense Technology: Ballistic Missile, iDEX initiative, “Indradhanush” exercise, Apache Helicopters, NAVARMS-19, BrahMos Missile
7. Government Policies on Science & Technology Sector: Scientific Policy Resolution (SPR1958), Technology Policy Statement 1983 (SPR1958), Science and Technology Policy 2003 (STP2003), and Science Technology Innovation Policy 2013
Once you’re through the syllabus, pick up the previous year's papers and skim through them to get an understanding of what is actually asked in the exam.
NCERT Class VI Science
Class VII Science
Class VIII Science
Class IX Science
Class X Science
Class XI Biology
Class XII Biology
Class XII Chemistry
NCERT Textbooks cover a sufficient amount of syllabus in the Science and Technology Section.
So the list of NCERT books needed are:
Other Recommended Books for Science and Technology are:
Attempt mock tests to understand your level of preparation and for self-evaluation. You can find subject-wise mock tests of Science & Technology in the UPSC CSE Prelims Mock Test Series.
EduRev has provided all the study material & tests which matters in your preparation for UPSC, compiled under multiple courses. You can refer to this document "How to study Science & Technology for UPSC using the EduRev app?" to understand it better & ace the exam smartly.
1. Check-Out subject wise Syllabus, & Strategy from these links:
2. Courses for all the subjects with detailed notes, video lectures & tests are available on EduRev:
History for UPSC CSE, Geography for UPSC CSE, Indian Polity for UPSC CSE, Science & Technology for UPSC CSE, Economy for UPSC CSE & others.
Happy Learning with EduRev!