Class 10 CBSE: Syllabus for Science Notes | Study Science Class 10 - Class 10

Class 10: Class 10 CBSE: Syllabus for Science Notes | Study Science Class 10 - Class 10

The document Class 10 CBSE: Syllabus for Science Notes | Study Science Class 10 - Class 10 is a part of the Class 10 Course Science Class 10.
All you need of Class 10 at this link: Class 10

CBSE Class 10 Science Syllabus for 2021-2022 is provided in this article. This is the full syllabus that the board released at the beginning of the session.

  • CBSE has announced that it will conduct the board exams in two parts using the 50% syllabus in each. The Board has released the rationalized syllabus for both terms; I  and II. We have provided below the new revised syllabus for Class 10 Science released on 24th July.
  • The old syllabus of CBSE Class 10 Science can be useful to check the topics originally included in the syllabus. Students can go through the old syllabus to understand how various chapters and topics have been bifurcated for the two terms.
    Class 10 CBSE: Syllabus for Science Notes | Study Science Class 10 - Class 10

General Instructions

1. The total Theory Examinations (Term I+II) will be of 80 marks and 20 marks weightage shall be for Internal Assessment (Term I+II).  

2. Internal Assessment - Maximum Marks 10 for each Term: 

a. There will be a Periodic Assessment that would include: 

  • Three periodic tests will be conducted by the school in the entire session. The average of the two periodic tests/marks of the best periodic Test conducted in the Term is to be taken into consideration.
  • Diverse methods of assessment as per the need of the class dynamics and curriculum transaction. These may include - short tests, oral test, quiz, concept maps, projects, posters, presentations, inquiry-based scientific investigations, etc.

b. Subject Enrichment in the form of Practical/Laboratory work should be done throughout the year and the student should maintain a record of the same. Practical Assessment should be Page 2 of 10 continuous. All practicals listed in the syllabus must be completed. 

c. Portfolio to be prepared by the student- This would include classwork and other sample of student work.  

CBSE Class 10 Science Evaluation Scheme

Class 10 CBSE: Syllabus for Science Notes | Study Science Class 10 - Class 10


Course Structure

TERM- I

Theme: Materials

Unit I: Chemical Substances-Nature and Behavior

  • Chapter -1 Chemical reactions and equations 
    Chemical reactions: Chemical equation, Balanced chemical equation, implications of a balanced chemical equation, types of chemical reactions: combination, decomposition, displacement, double displacement, precipitation,
    neutralization, oxidation, and reduction.
  • Chapter – 2 Acids, Bases and Salts
    Acids, bases, and salts: Their definitions in terms of furnishing of H+ and OH– ions, General properties, examples, and uses, the concept of pH scale (Definition relating to logarithm not required), the importance of pH in everyday life; preparation and uses of Sodium Hydroxide, Bleaching powder, Baking soda, Washing soda and
    Plaster of Paris.
  • Chapter – 3 Metals and non – metals 
    Metals and nonmetals: Properties of metals and non-metals; Reactivity series; Formation and properties of ionic compounds; Basic metallurgical processes; Corrosion and its prevention.

Theme: The World of the Living

Unit II: World of Living

  • Chapter – 6 Life processes 
    Life processes: ‘Living Being’. The basic concept of nutrition, respiration, transport, and excretion in plants and animals.

Theme: How Things Work 

Unit III: Natural Phenomena

  • Chapter – 10 Light – Reflection and Refraction 
    Reflection of light by curved surfaces; Images formed by spherical mirrors, center of curvature, principal axis, principal focus, focal length, mirror formula (Derivation not required), magnification.
    Refraction; Laws of refraction, refractive index. Refraction of light by the spherical lens; Image formed by spherical lenses; Lens formula (Derivation not required); Magnification. Power of a lens.
  • Chapter – 11 Human eye and colorful world
    Refraction of light through a prism, dispersion of light, scattering of light, applications in daily life.

TERM- II

Theme: Materials
Unit I: Chemical Substances - Nature and Behaviour

  • Chapter – 4 Carbon and its compounds
    Carbon compounds: Covalent bonding in carbon compounds. Versatile nature of carbon.Homologous series.  
  • Chapter – 5 Periodic Classification of elements
    Periodic classification of elements: Need for classification, early attempts at classification of elements (Dobereiner’s Triads, Newland’s Law of Octaves, Mendeleev’s Periodic Table), Modern periodic table, gradation in properties, valency, atomic number, metallic and non-metallic properties.  

Theme: The World of the Living

Unit II: World of Living

  • Chapter – 8 How do organisms reproduce? 
    Reproduction: Reproduction in animals and plants (asexual and sexual) reproductive health-need and methods of family planning. Safe sex vs HIV/AIDS. Childbearing and women’s health.
  • Chapter – 9 Heredity and Evolution
    Heredity: Heredity; Mendel’s contribution- Laws for inheritance of traits: Sex determination: brief introduction;  

Theme: Natural Phenomena
Unit IV: Effects of Current

  • Chapter – 12 Electricity 
    Ohm’s law; Resistance, Resistivity, Factors on which the resistance of a conductor depends. Series combination of resistors, parallel combination of resistors and its applications in daily life. Heating effect of electric current and its applications in daily life. Electric power, Interrelation between P, V, I and R
  • Chapter – 13 Magnetic effects of current 
    Magnetic effects of current: Magnetic field, field lines, field due to a current-carrying conductor, field due to current carrying coil or solenoid; Force on current-carrying conductor, Fleming’s Left-Hand Rule, Electric Motor, Electromagnetic induction. Induced potential difference, Induced current. Fleming’s Right Hand Rule. 

Theme: Natural Resources
Unit V: Natural Resources

  • Chapter – 15 Our Environment 
    Our environment: Eco-system, Environmental problems, Ozone depletion, waste production and their solutions. Biodegradable and non-biodegradable substances.  


Only for Internal Assessment

Note: Learners are assigned to read the below-listed part of Unit V. They can be encouraged to prepare a brief write-up on any one concept of this Unit in their Portfolio. This may be an assessment for Internal Assessment and credit may be given (Periodic assessment/Portfolio). This portion of the Unit is not to be assessed in the year-end examination.

Chapter – 16 Management of natural resources: Conservation and judicious use of natural resources. Forest and wildlife; Coal and Petroleum conservation. Examples of people’s participation for the conservation of natural resources. Big dams: advantages and limitations; alternatives, if any. Water harvesting.Sustainability of natural resources.


Practicals

Practical should be conducted alongside the concepts taught in theory classes

List of Experiments

(Unit - I)

1. A. Finding the pH of the following samples by using pH paper/universal indicator:

  1. Dilute Hydrochloric Acid
  2. Dilute NaOH solution
  3. Dilute Ethanoic Acid solution
  4. Lemon juice
  5. Water
  6. Dilute Hydrogen Carbonate solution      

B. Studying the properties of acids and bases (HCl & NaOH) on the basis of their reaction

with: 

  1. Litmus solution (Blue/Red)
  2. Zinc metal
  3. Solid sodium carbonate        Unit–I:(Chapter-2) 

2. Performing and observing the following reactions and classifying them into: 

A. Combination reaction

B. Decomposition reaction

C. Displacement reaction

D. Double displacement reaction

(i) Action of water on quicklime

(ii) Action of heat on ferrous sulphate crystals

(iii) Iron nails kept in copper sulphate solution

(iv) Reaction between sodium sulphate and barium chloride solutions              

3. A. Observing the action of Zn, Fe, Cu, and Al metals on the following salt solutions: 

  1. ZnSO4(aq)
  2. FeSO4(aq)
  3. CuSO4(aq)
  4. Al2(SO4)3(aq)
    Unit-I:(Chapter-1)

B. Arranging Zn, Fe, Cu, and Al (metals) in the decreasing order of reactivity based on the

above result.     Unit-I :(Chapter-3)         

(Unit-IV)

4. Experimentally show that carbon dioxide is given out during respiration.  Unit-II (Chapter-6) 

5. Determination of the focal length of (i) Concave mirror and (ii) Convex lens by obtaining the image of a distant object.  Unit-III:(Chapter- 10) 

6. Tracing the path of a ray of light passing through a rectangular glass slab for different angles of incidence. Measure the angle of incidence, angle of refraction, angle of emergence and interpret the result.  Unit-III:(Chapter-10) 

7. Tracing the path of the rays of light through a glass prism. Unit-III:(Chapter-11) 


Term-II

List of Experiments

1. Studying the dependence of potential difference (V) across a resistor on the current (I) passing through it and determining its resistance. Also plotting a graph between V and I. Unit-IV:(Chapter-12)  

2. Studying (a) binary fission in Amoeba, and (b) budding in yeast and Hydra with the help of prepared slides. Unit-II:(Chapter-8) 


Prescribed Books

  • Science-Textbook for class IX-NCERT Publication
  • Science-Text book for class X- NCERT Publication
  • Assessment of Practical Skills in Science-Class IX - CBSE Publication
  • Assessment of Practical Skills in Science- Class X- CBSE Publication
  • Laboratory Manual-Science-Class IX, NCERT Publication
  • Laboratory Manual-Science-Class X, NCERT Publication
  • Exemplar Problems Class IX – NCERT Publication
  • Exemplar Problems Class X – NCERT Publication

The document Class 10 CBSE: Syllabus for Science Notes | Study Science Class 10 - Class 10 is a part of the Class 10 Course Science Class 10.
All you need of Class 10 at this link: Class 10

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