Appointment of The Pm
(i) There is not specific Constitutional provision for the appointment and selection of the PM
(ii) Article 75: PM to be appointed by the President
(iv) Usually appoints the leader of the Largest party, or the largest coalition, and asks him to seek a vote of confidence in the House within a month.
(v) Discretion first exercised in 1979: N Sanjeeva Reddy (the President) appointed Charan Singh (the coalition leader) as PM after the Janata government fell.
(vi) When the PM in office dies suddenly, and there is no obvious successor, then the President can exercise discretion in appointing the PM.
(vii) A person does not have to prove his majority before he is appointed as PM. He can first be appointed then asked to prove his majority.
(viii) If someone is not a member of either House of Parliament, he can be appointed as PM for 6 month
(ix) PM can be a member of either House. Indira Gandhi was a member of the RS
(x) Britain: PM has to be a member of the Lower House.
(i) Administered by the President
(ii) The PM swears to:
(iii) Oath of secrecy: PM will not directly or indirectly communicate or reveal to any person(s) any matter that is brought under his consideration or becomes known to him as a Union Minister except as may be required tor the due discharge of his duties as such minster.
Salary & Allowances
Powers and Functions of The Pm
(a) In relation to the Council of Ministers
(b) In Relation to the Parliament
(c) Other Powers & Functions
Relationship Between the Pm and The President
(i) Article 74: Council of minis with the PM to aid and advice the President, which is bound by such advice.
(ii) Article 75: President appoints the council of ministers on the advice of the PM. The PM is the main communication link between the President and the council of ministers.
(iii) Article 78: PM has to communicate all decisions of the council about the administration of the affairs of the Union and proposals for legislation to the President.
(iv) If the President demands, then the PM has to submit for the consideration of the council of ministers any matter on which a decision has been taken by a minister but which has not been considered by the council.
(v) The PM also advises the President about important appointments like AGI, CAG etc.
|1. What is the role of the Prime Minister in the government?|
|2. How is the Prime Minister appointed or elected?|
|3. Can the Prime Minister be removed from power before the end of their term?|
|4. How does the Prime Minister influence decision-making and policy formulation?|
|5. What are the key responsibilities of the Prime Minister in relation to the economy?|